[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To explore efficacy and safety of using denervation of dorsal medial branch to treat the low back pain due to lumbar joint origin.
From March 2009 to October 2010,10 patients with the low back pain due to lumbar joint origin were enrolled in this study including 6 males and 4 females with an average age of 56.4 years old (41 to 68). The average disease duration was 1.2 years (0.5 to 3). All patients were operated by blocking the dorsal medial branch. Single branch (dorsal medial branch of the involved level), dual branches (dorsal medial branches of the involved and the upper or lower level, 5 with the upper level, 5 with the lower level), three branches (dorsal medial branches of the involved and the upper and lower levels), four branches (dorsal medial branches of the involved and the upper two and lower levels) were blocked by 0.5% lidocaine 15 ml compounded with betamethasone injection 1 ml (10 mg/ml) and a cobalt ammonium injection 500 microg at the junction of the superior articular process and the transverse process. Low back pain VAS, average EMG of multifidus of the involved level and low back muscle strength were assessed and statistically compared. Low back muscle strength was measured by the back power meter.
The mean low back pain VAS of the 10 patients in the preoperation was 6.85 +/- 1.55, in single branch blocked group was 5.80 +/- 1.05, in dual branches blocked group was 3.65 +/- 1.20, in three branches blocked group was 2.80 +/- 1.10 and in four branches blocked group was 2.75 +/- 1.15. Average EMG of multifidus was 69.25 +/- 2.13 in the preoperation,in single branch blocked group was 62.15 +/- 1.85, in dual branches blocked group was 51.25 +/- 1.28, in three branches blocked group was 47.30 +/- 1.85 and in four branches blocked group was 45.96 +/- 1.98. The mean low back muscle strength was 60 kg in the preoperation, in single branch blocked group was 55 kg,in dual branches blocked group was 48 kg, in three branches blocked group was 44 kg and in four branches blocked group was 43 kg. Among the dual branches blocked group,low back pain VAS and low back muscle strength in the dorsal medial branches of the involved and the upper level blocked showed great decline compared with those in the dorsal medial branches of the involved and the lower level blocked.
It is effective by denervation of dorsal medial branch to treat the low back pain due to lumbar joint origin. There are significant difference in low back pain VAS between every two among the preoperation,single branch blocked group,dual branches blocked group and three branches blocked group. There is no significant difference between four branches blocked group and three branches blocked group. In low back muscle strength and average EMG of multifidus, compared with the preoperation group,there is no significant decline in single branch blocked and dual branches blocked group,and there is significant decline in three branches blocked and four branches blocked group. Therefore, single or dual dorsal medial branch blocked is safety. Among the dual branches blocked group, dorsal medial branches of the involved and the upper level blocked should be given priority to. There is a certain risk in three or four dorsal medial branches blocked which should be used with caution.
No preview · Article · Oct 2012 · Zhongguo gu shang = China journal of orthopaedics and traumatology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the clinical effects of limited decomression, fixation, and fusion in treating degenerative scoliosis with spinal stennosis.
From June 2002 to January 2009, 26 patients of degenerative scoliosis with spinal stenosis were treated with limited decomression, fixation, and fusion. There were 6 males and 20 females with an average age of 61.3 years (ranged, 51 to 72 years). Course of disease of spinal stenosis was from 11 months to 6 years with an average of 36 months. X-ray, CT, MRI examination were performed preoperatively for all the cases and myelography was performed for 6 cases. Preoperative Cobb's angle,focal lordosis angle,the distance between C7 plumb line (C7PL) and upper edge of S1 vertebral body (SVA), and the distance between C7PL and center sacral vertical line (CSVL) were (22.0 +/- 10.1) degrees, (21.6 +/- 10.2) degrees, (7.6 +/- 6.4) cm, (6.8 +/- 5.6) cm respectively. Measured Cobb's angle, focal lordosis angle, SVA, CSVL after operation and final follow-up were compared with preoperative data. JOA score system were used to evaluate clinical effects.
The operative time All the patients were followed up from 1.3 to 5 years with an average of 2.5 years. Postoperative and final follow-up, Cobb's angle was (10.5 +/- 8.2) degrees, (8.8 +/- 5.2) degrees, respectively; focal lordosis angle was (25.4 +/- 14.2) degrees, (31.6 +/- 13.2) degrees, respectively; SVA was (0.6 +/- 3.3) cm, (-1.2 +/- 2.5) cm,respectively; CSVL was (2.8 +/- 1.3) cm, (1.6 +/- 1.2) cm, respectively. There was significant difference in data before and after operation. Preoperative, instantly postoperative, final follow-up, JOA score was 11.0 +/- 1.7, 22.4 +/- 2.4, 24.0 +/- 2.1, respectively; 13 cases obtained excellent results, 8 good, 3 fair, 2 poor. Loss of correction occurred in one case. No collapse of intervertebral space, nerve injury, breakage of fixation system were found.
Surgical treatment with limited decompression, pedicle screw fixation and fusion is effective method for degenerative scoliosis with spinal stenosis, individualized surgery design should be made according to clinical symptoms, signs and imaging features.
No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · Zhongguo gu shang = China journal of orthopaedics and traumatology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To explore the choice of operative approach for thoracolumbar burst fractures and evaluate its clinical effects.
From September 2005 to March 2009, the clinical data of 94 patients with thoracolumbar burst fractures were analyzed retrospectively. Including 59 males and 35 femals with an average age of 36.8 years (ranged from 20 to 63). The fractures were classified according to Denis classification: 17 cases of type A, 32 cases of type B, 6 cases of type C, 24 cases of type D, 15 cases of type E. Neurological injuries were classified according to ASIA classification: 3 cases of grade A, 4 cases of type B, 23 cases of grade C, 38 cases of grade D, 26 cases of grade E. Among the patients, 42 cases were treated with reduction, decompression, internal fixation with pedicle-screw through posterior approach, meanwhile, of them, 18 cases with posterior-lateral bone graft fusion; 36 cases were treated with decompression, bone graft, through anterior approach, of them, 16 cases with TSRH system fixation and 20 cases with Zeplate system fixation; 16 cases (because of bone block intruded into vertebral canal leading to spinal cord compression ) were treated with anterior and posterior approach, internal fixation with pedicle-screw through posterior approach and subtotal vertebrectomy, decompression, titanium mesh cages bone graft fusion through anterior approach, meanwhile, of them, 8 cases with screw-rod and titanium steel plate system fixation.
All patients obtained good results and were followed up from 9 to 52 months with an average of 22.8 months. Cobb angle were corrected from preoperatively (25.00 +/- 5.50) degrees to postoperatively (4.20 +/- 1.80) degrees. Height of anterior and posterior border of vertebral body improved from preoperatively (50.80 +/- 2.82)%, (79.30 +/- 3.08)% to postoperatively (94.85 +/- 1.80)%, (98.20 +/- 1.40)%, respectively. The ratio of protruded bones to the spinal canal anteroposterior diameter decreased from preoperatively (33.10 +/- 1.40)% to postoperatively (6.70 +/- 1.50)%. Sagittal abnormity were corrected; posterior convex angle and height were no markedly lost during follow-up; no internal fixation loosening and titanium mesh displacement were found. In the aspect of never function, except for 1 case of grade A there is no recovered others obtained different improvement, among them, from grade A to B was in 2 cases; B to C, D was in 2,2, respectively; C to D, E was 16,7, respectively; D to E was in 38 cases.
The two factors decide surgical methods:the integrity of posterior ligamentous complex and nervous system function. Anterior approach refers to patients with incomplete spinal cord injury and anterior vertebral canal compression; posterior approach refers to patients with injury of posterior ligamentous complex; combination with anterior and posterior approach refers to patients with two injury factors.
No preview · Article · Jul 2011 · Zhongguo gu shang = China journal of orthopaedics and traumatology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the perioperative characteristics and surgical methods in treating the old with degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis.
From January 2000 to October 2007, 36 patients with degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis with the age more than 60 years,including 16 males and 20 females, the age from 60 to 81 years with an average of 67.5 years. Of all patients, 6 cases were treated by simple surgical decompression, 16 cases by decompressive laminectomy, 20 cases by decompressive laminectomy combined with internal fixation and fusion.
No death cases occurred during perioperation and complication occurred in 14 cases, including cerebrospinal fluid leakage in 3 cases, incision late healed in 1 case, heart abnormal symptom in 1 case, respiratory infection in 1 case, gastrointestinal symptom in 4 cases, urinary system infection in 1 case, spirital symptom in 1 case. After symptomatic treatment, all complications improved. All the cases were followed up from 6 months to 5 years with an average of 2.5 years. Oswestry scoring improved from preoperative 45.66 +/- 7.12 to postoperative 16.80 +/- 5.75, there was significant difference between before and after operation (P < 0.05).
The age and heath condition are not operative absolute contraindication in treating old with degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis,with the proper operation modus after controlling concomitant diseases, the surgical treatment could guarantee the satisfactory therapeutic effect.
No preview · Article · Apr 2010 · Zhongguo gu shang = China journal of orthopaedics and traumatology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To discuss the relationship between decompression methods of lumbar spinal stenosis and outcomes.
From September 1996 to March 2007, 68 patients with degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis were investigated retrospectively. There were 40 males and 28 females with the mean age of 52.8 years (ranging from 32 to 78 years old). And the average history was 51 months. According to Hansraj classification of lumbar spinal stenosis and levels response to symptom,the classic lumbar spinal stenosis were treated with complete laminectomy and foramintomy (18 cases in group A), hemilaminectomy and foreminotomy (11 cases in group B), complete fenestration and foraminotomy (17 cases in group C); and other patients with complicated lumbar spinal stenosis (22 cases in group D) were treated with decompression and intervertebral fusion and internal fixation. The clinical results of all patients were analyzed according to JOA score (15 scoring method).
All patients were followed up with an average of 64 months (ranging from 8 months to 11 years). At final follow-up,the improvement rate of JOA score in the group A,B,C,D was respectively (51.2 +/- 26.6)%, (60.7 +/- 21.1)%, (59.3 +/- 23.1)% and (59.1 +/- 22.7)%. These data were significantly difference than that of preoperative (P < 0.001).
CT and MRI results combining with clinical symptom and sign is the key to determine decompressive extent; lumbar stability is the key to determine fixation and intervertebral fusion in treating lumbar spinal stenosis.
No preview · Article · Oct 2009 · Zhongguo gu shang = China journal of orthopaedics and traumatology