Ji Yoon Rho

National Cancer Center Korea, QYK, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea

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Publications (3)9.15 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The adoption of robotic systems for gastric cancer surgery has been proven feasible and safe; however, a benefit over the laparoscopic approach has not yet been well-documented. We aimed to investigate the surgical outcomes of robotic versus laparoscopic gastrectomy for gastric cancer, according to the extent of surgery and patients' obesity status. Between January 2009 and July 2011, 770 patients were enrolled in this retrospective analysis. All had stage IA/IB gastric cancer preoperatively and underwent either laparoscopic (n = 622) or robotic (n = 148) gastrectomy. Patients were classified into obese and non-obese groups on the basis of visceral fat area (VFA). The extent of surgery was defined by whether patients underwent distal or total gastrectomy. The surgical outcomes following distal gastrectomy were similar between the robotic and laparoscopic groups regardless of the obesity status. After total gastrectomy, the number of total and N2-area lymph nodes were significantly higher in the robotic group than in the laparoscopic group in non-obese patients with VFA < 100 cm(2) (total, 38.8 vs. 46.5; p = 0.018; N2 area, 9.0 vs. 12.4; p = 0.041), but no significant differences were observed in obese population. Robotic group developed less severe complications after total gastrectomy compared to laparoscopic group in non-obese patients (p = 0.036). Robotic assistance did not improve surgical outcomes over the laparoscopic approach in obese patients undergoing distal gastrectomy. However, non-obese patients with low VFA may benefit from robotic assistance during total gastrectomy in terms of radical D2 lymphadenectomy with fewer serious complications.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2015 · World Journal of Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Laparoscopically assisted total gastrectomy (LATG) is technically difficult. Robot surgery has theoretical advantages such as increased degrees of freedom of instruments and a three-dimensional view. The current study aimed to determine whether a robot-assisted total gastrectomy (RATG) has a real benefit over LATG in terms of surgical and oncologic outcomes. A single-center case-control study was conducted. The study included 36 patients who underwent RATG and 65 patients who underwent LATG at the National Cancer Center in Korea between February 2009 and May 2011. No patients were excluded from the analysis within the study period. Clinicopathologic data, operative data, postoperative morbidity, and pathologic data were analyzed by Student's t-tests and Chi-square tests, as indicated. The mean age of the patients was 53.9 ± 11.7 years in the RATG group and 56.9 ± 12.3 years in the LATG group (P = 0.236). The mean BMI was 23.2 ± 2.5 kg/m(2) in the RATG group and 23.6 ± 3.4 kg/m(2) in the LATG group (P = 0.494). The mean postoperative hospital stay was 8.8 ± 3.3 days in the RATG group and 10.3 ± 10.8 days in the LATG group (P = 0.416). The mean operative time was 305.8 ± 115.8 min in the RATG group and 210.2 ± 57.7 min in the LATG group (P < 0.001). The mean number of dissected lymph nodes was 42.8 ± 12.7 in the RATG group and 39.4 ± 13.4 in the LATG group (P = 0.209). Postoperative complications were experienced by 6 patients (16.7%) in the RATG group and 10 patients (15.4%) in the LATG group (P = 0.866). Despite early experiences, RATG was shown to be comparable with LATG in terms of surgical and oncologic outcomes. However, no apparent benefit is associated with RATG to date.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2011 · Surgical Endoscopy
  • YW Kim · J M Bae · J H Lee · K W Ryu · I J Choi · C G Kim · J S Lee · JY Rho
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of hand-assisted distal gastrectomy (HALDG) for gastric cancer. This study prospectively enrolled 16 patients who underwent HALDG for early gastric cancer and matched them individually by sex, age, and body mass index to patients who underwent laparoscopically assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) or open distal gastrectomy (ODG). Surgical outcomes were compared among the surgical methods. The mean operating time was the longest for the HALDG group, whereas wound size of the HALDG group was intermediate between that of the LADG and the ODG groups. The other surgical outcomes, such as the number of harvested lymph nodes, were not different among the groups. According to the findings, HALDG may not be as beneficial for patients with early gastric cancer as has been previously suggested. However, because of easier hand-eye coordination, HALDG may be an excellent bridge learning technique as a surgeon gains experience in laparoscopic gastrectomy.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2005 · Surgical Endoscopy