[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: TNF-alpha converting enzyme (TACE) inhibitors are promising agents to treat inflammatory disorders and cancer. We have investigated novel tartrate diamide TACE inhibitors where the tartrate core binds to zinc in a unique tridentate fashion. Incorporating (R)-2-(2-N-alkylaminothiazol-4-yl)pyrrolidines into the left hand side amide of the tartrate scaffold led to the discovery of potent and selective TACE inhibitors, some of which exhibited good rat oral bioavailability. (C) 2011 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
No preview · Article · May 2011 · Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Our research on hydantoin based TNF-α converting enzyme (TACE) inhibitors has led to an acetylene containing series that demonstrates sub-nanomolar potency (K(i)) as well as excellent activity in human whole blood. These studies led to the discovery of highly potent TACE inhibitors with good DMPK profiles.
No preview · Article · Dec 2010 · Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We disclose further optimization of hydantoin TNF-alpha convertase enzyme (TACE) inhibitors. SAR with respect to the non-prime region of TACE active site was explored. A series of biaryl substituted hydantoin compounds was shown to have sub-nanomolar K(i), good rat PK, and good selectivity versus MMP-1, -2, -3, -7, -9, and -13.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The syntheses and structure-activity relationships of the tartrate-based TACE inhibitors are discussed. The optimization of both the prime and non-prime sites led to compounds with picomolar activity. Several analogs demonstrated good rat pharmacokinetics.
No preview · Article · Aug 2010 · Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We disclose inhibitors of TNF-alpha converting enzyme (TACE) designed around a hydantoin zinc binding moiety. Crystal structures of inhibitors bound to TACE revealed monodentate coordination of the hydantoin to the zinc. SAR, X-ray, and modeling designs are described. To our knowledge, these are the first reported X-ray structures of TACE with a hydantoin zinc ligand.
No preview · Article · Feb 2010 · Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A novel series of TNF-alpha convertase (TACE) inhibitors which are non-hydroxamate have been discovered. These compounds are bis-amides of L-tartaric acid (tartrate) and coordinate to the active site zinc in a tridentate manner. They are selective for TACE over other MMP's. We report the first X-ray crystal structure for a tartrate-based TACE inhibitor.
No preview · Article · Dec 2009 · Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A series of cyclopropyl hydroxamic acids were prepared. Many of the compounds displayed picomolar affinity for the TACE enzyme while maintaining good to excellent selectivity profiles versus MMP-1, -2, -3, -7, -14, and ADAM-10. X-ray analysis of an inhibitor in the TACE active site indicated that the molecules bound to the enzyme in the S1'-S3' pocket.
No preview · Article · Oct 2008 · Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Through a de novo design approach, hydroxamates derived from trans-cyclopropyl dicarboxylate were examined as potential TNF-alpha converting enzyme (TACE) inhibitors. Two distinctive series of inhibitors (A and B) were identified and shown to have different structure-activity relationship trends and selectivity profiles against other matrix metalloproteases despite their close structural similarities. X-ray crystallography of the inhibitors binding to the TACE enzyme demonstrates that each series derives its activity from the opposite enantiomer of the cyclopropyl scaffolds, which display almost superimposable hydroxamate groups that coordinate to the zinc at the catalytic site. Mode A inhibitors occupy the S1'-S3' binding pockets, whereas mode B resides in the nonprime binding sites.
No preview · Article · Mar 2008 · Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: TNFalpha converting enzyme (TACE) is the major metalloproteinase for the processing of TNFalpha, a key inflammatory cytokine. IK682, a hydroxamate compound, was reported to be a potent and specific TACE inhibitor [J.J. Duan, L. Chen, Z.R. Wasserman, Z. Lu, R.Q. Liu, M.B. Covington, M. Qian, K.D. Hardman, R.L. Magolda, R.C. Newton, D.D. Christ, R.R. Wexler, C.P. Decicco, J. Med. Chem. 45 (2002) 4954-4957]. The binding kinetics of IK682 and the ectodomain of human TACE was examined. The k(on) of IK682 was determined as 1.1+/-0.3 x 10(8) M(-1) min(-1). No detectable dissociation of IK682 from TACE was observed following dialysis, dilution, and extensive washing over a maximum of 72 h. This was in contrast to the rapid dissociation of IK682 from ADAM10. LC/MS analysis of the TACE-IK682 complex after dissociation under denaturing conditions indicated that the tight binding is not due to covalent interaction. The X-ray crystal structure of TACE-IK682 complex revealed multiple binding points at the S1' and S3' sites and the movement of a loop (from Ala349 to Gly442) to accommodate the binding of the quinolinyl group of IK682 at the S3' pocket. The conformational changes of TACE may contribute significantly to the high affinity binding as a result of a more stable TACE-inhibitor complex.
No preview · Article · Aug 2006 · Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Gallic acid (GA) and several gallate derivatives were identified as inhibitors of fucosyltransferase VII (FucT VII). The inhibition by GA and (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) is time-dependent and irreversible. GA and EGCG showed inhibition with IC(50) of 60 and 700 nM, respectively, after pre-incubation with FucT VII in the presence of MnCl(2). Absence of MnCl(2) results in significantly weaker inhibition. Complexation of Mn(2+) with GA, EGCG, and gallate esters was observed. Such complexation, however, is not rate-limiting for the inhibition of FucT VII. Therefore, time-dependent inhibition of fucosyltransferases by GA and EGCG is likely due to the slow inactivation by the inhibitors or Mn-inhibitor complex. Although Mg(2+) or Ca(2+) can replace Mn(2+) for FucT VII activation, none forms a complex with GA or EGCG and hence results in weaker inhibition of FucT VII. GA and EGCG also inhibit FucT IV and alpha2,3-(N)-sialyltransferase in the low micromolar range. The structure-function divergence could be observed, as EGCG, but not GA or gallate esters, inhibits Zn(2+) containing metalloproteases such as TNFalpha convertase, matrix metalloproteases 2 and 7.
No preview · Article · Jun 2004 · Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics