Jian Wang

St George Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

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Publications (2)3.61 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Pre-eclampsia is characterised physiologically by plasma volume contraction, intravascular coagulation and intense vasoconstriction. It was originally thought that the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone (RAA) system would be overactive but studies have shown a more complex picture. Plasma renin activity (PRA) and concentration (PRC) and plasma angiotensin II (AII) and aldosterone concentrations (PAC) are reduced compared to normal pregnancy. Total renin concentration is normal and plasma concentrations of high molecular weight angiotensinogen are increased in pre-eclampsia though total angiotensinogen is normal. PRA and PRC respond appropriately to physiologic stimuli in pre-eclampsia except for impaired renin release following frusemide, possibly due to prostacyclin deficiency. Although plasma AII concentrations are reduced there is heightened pressor sensitivity to infused AII--the mechanism(s) for this are unknown. PAC is reduced but the ratio PAC-PRC is twofold greater in pre-eclampsia than normal pregnancy. This does not appear to be due to changes in potassium, atrial natriuretic peptide, dopamine or ACTH, and may be another manifestation of increased (adrenal) sensitivity to AII in pre-eclampsia. There is an inverse relationship between the plasma active renin to prorenin ratio and the clinical severity of the pre-eclampsia. Understanding the mechanisms producing these changes in the RAA system in pre-eclampsia will give strong clues to the overall pathogenesis of this disorder.
    No preview · Article · Jul 1997 · Clinical and Experimental Hypertension
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    ABSTRACT: 1. The present study investigated whether a low nitrate/nitrite diet could minimize variability in the measurement of endogenous plasma and urine nitric oxide (NO) metabolites, nitrate and nitrite (NOx) in normal subjects. 2. Nitrate and nitrite concentrations were measured in plasma and urine as indicators of NO production in six subjects during a free diet and then during a low nitrate/nitrite diet for 6 days. 3. The plasma concentration and 24 h urine NOx/creatinine ratio were significantly lower on the low nitrate/nitrite diet than on the free diet (P < 0.01). Nitric oxide production appeared to vary greatly within and between subjects, but these variations were substantially decreased by the fourth day of a low nitrate/ nitrite diet. 4. Human plasma and urine NOx measurements should be determined after a low nitrate/nitrite diet for at least 4 days.
    No preview · Article · Jun 1997 · Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology