Publications (1)1.41 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: Growth factors and ovarian steroids modulate LH-secretion from pituitary gonadotrophs. Our previous studies demonstrated that long-term IGF-I treatment enhanced LH-secretion from female rat pituitary cells and estradiol facilitated this effect. The effects of estradiol on LH secretion are time-dependent. Short-term treatment inhibited, long-term treatment enhanced GnRH-induced LH-secretion in serum-containing medium. Here we tested the short-term actions of IGF-I and its interaction with estradiol and whether IGF-I is a prerequisite for the negative effect of short-term estradiol treatment in female rat pituitary cells. Pituitary cells were incubated with a series of increasing concentrations of estradiol (1 pM, 10 pM, 50 pM, 100 pM, 500 pM, 1 nM, 10 nM and 100 nM) for 4 h, IGF-I (10 pM, 100 pM, 1 nM and 10 nM) for 4 h and 14 h and their combinations for 4h in serum-free medium, and then stimulated with 1 nM GnRH during the last 3h of incubation. To clarify the role of IGF-I, cells were incubated simultaneously with estradiol, IGF-I and antibody against IGF-I. LH was measured by radioimmunoassay. Short-term IGF-I treatment did not modify basal or GnRH-induced LH-secretion. Short-term treatment with estradiol did not affect basal or GnRH-induced LH-secretion in serum-free medium. The addition of 100 pM IGF-I to serum-free medium established the negative effect of estradiol short-term treatment on GnRH-induced LH-secretion. The addition of IGF-I antibody fully abolished the negative effect of estradiol. In conclusion, effects of IGF-I on LH-secretion in female rat pituitary cells require long-term treatment. The negative effect of estradiol short-term treatment on GnRH-induced LH-secretion is dependent on serum-containing medium or the addition of 100 pM IGF-I to serum-free medium.
Universität zu Lübeck
Lübeck, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany
- Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology