[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: to compare arm and saphenous veins for infrageniculate bypass grafting.
prospective non-randomised study.
two hundred patients, of which 197 had ischaemic tissue loss or rest pain.
two hundred and eleven infrageniculate vein bypass procedures using 176 greater saphenous veins and 35 arm veins.
the cumulative primary graft patency rate at 1-month and 2 years was 80% and 61% for saphenous vein and 89% and 42% for arm vein. The corresponding rates for secondary patency were 84.5% and 68%, and 91% and 57%, respectively. These results corresponded to a relative risk of secondary failure of 1.53 (95% CI 0.71, 3.31) for arm vein grafts. In subgroup analyses, this estimate was 0.93 and 2.1 for primary vs secondary bypasses and 0.38 and 2.06 for single-vein vs spliced-vein bypasses. Among arm veins, cephalic vein grafts performed better than basilic vein grafts. Early mortality was 14% for arm vein and 10% for saphenous vein.
in the setting of infrageniculate bypass grafting, arm vein grafts are not equivalent to greater saphenous vein grafts, but contribute importantly to a policy of using autologous veins. The possibility of equivalence remains for the arm vein graft that uses a cephalic vein or is a primary procedure.
Full-text · Article · Sep 2001 · European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To describe an initial experience with infrainguinal bypass grafts inserted distally in a genicular artery.
Retrospective case series study.
Eleven patients with Grade III chronic limb ischaemia in whom arteriography showed femoropopliteal occlusive disease and at least one genicular branch suitable for receiving a bypass. Bypass grafts were done to the descending genicular artery (n=4) or the medial sural artery (n=6) using segments of autologous veins; one bypass was not completed.
Primary graft patency and foot salvage rates were 73% at 1 month and 24 months of follow-up. Patient survival rate was 100% and 90%, respectively. Major amputation was required in two of three patients following early graft failure. Of the eight patients who had a patent graft, the Doppler ankle-brachial systolic pressure index showed no change in one patient, an increase of 0.13-0.66 in six patients, and was not measured in one patient. The former patient underwent a below-knee amputation whereas the other seven patients showed complete healing of their skin ulcers and sites of minor amputation.
The genicular bypass is a useful alternative that may extend the limits of infrainguinal arterial reconstruction with autologous tissue and the potential for long-term patient benefit.
Preview · Article · Jan 2001 · European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery