Chu Myong Seong

Ewha Womans University, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (25)54.58 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The HER2 gene encodes a 185-kd transmembrane glycoprotein receptor (p185(HER2)) that has partial homology with the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and shares intrinsic tyrosine kinase activity. The HER2 gene has been found to be amplified in various human cancers and to be associated with poor prognosis. The authors investigated the correlation between clinicopathologic factors and the overexpression of the p185(HER2) in Korean gastric adenocarcinoma patients, and determined whether the antiproliferative effects of anti- p185(HER2) antibody can also be observed on gastric cancer cell lines that overexpress this growth factor receptor. Materials and methods: We evaluated the relationship between p185(HER2) overexpression and clinicopathological features in 94 (M: F=52: 42) gastric adenocarcinoma patients (median age 59 years). Protein expression was analysed by immunohistochemical staining in paraffin embedded tissues with monoclonal antibody for p185(HER2). To explore the role of humanized anti-p185(HER2) monoclonal antibody trastuzumab (Herceptin ) in vitro, the growth curve of Korean gastric cancer cells that overexpress the p185(HER2) protein was studied and a cell cycle analysis was performed. Results: p185(HER2) overexpression correlates positively with lymph node metastasis (p=0.002), distant metastasis (p=0.01), AJCC classification (p=0.01), higher relapse rate p=0.001), and a tendential association with the pT stage (p=0.054). p185(HER2) overexpression was found to be more frequent in advanced gastric cancer than early gastric cancer (54.1% vs 24.2%, p=0.008). Patients with overexpression of p185(HER2) were found to have significantly lower relapse-free (p=0.003) and overall survival (p= 0.0004) than patients without overexpression. Among several Korean gastric cancer cell lines, SNU-1, SNU-5, and SNU-620 overexpress p185(HER2). Trastuzumab inhibited the proliferation of p185(HER2) overexpressed Korean gastric cancer cell line by 21% with down-regulation of p185(HER2) protein expression. DNA fluorescence flow cytometry of propidium iodide-stained nuclei showed a reduction in the fraction of the S phase following treatment with trastuzumab. Conclusion: S: Taken together, our observations suggest the potential prognostic significance of p185(HER2) overexpression in Korean gastric adenocarcinoma patients and point to the need for further research on this mechanism. This suggests the possible use of p185(HER2) as a therapeutic target in gastric cancer.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Cancer Research and Treatment
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    ABSTRACT: Primary gastric choriocarcinomas are very rare, and their prognosis is extremely poor. A 37-year-old woman presented with amenorrhea, vaginal spotting and severe nausea, which mimicked a pregnancy and gestational trophoblastic disease. The serum level of the beta-subunit of human chorionic gonadotrophin (beta-hCG) was significantly increased. An endoscopic biopsy of the stomach mass showed the features of a choriocarcinoma, with marked anaplasia and necrosis. Immunohistochemical staining for beta-hCG showed positive results in the choriocarcinoma. Chemotherapy for the choriocarcinoma was administered, but she died 8 months following diagnosis.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Cancer Research and Treatment
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    ABSTRACT: Translocations leading to fusions between the immunoglobulin heavy chain gene (IGH) and various partner genes have been reported in B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL). However, submicroscopic deletions within IGH in B-ALL have not been rigorously assessed. In this study, we investigated characteristics of IGH submicroscopic deletions, by FISH, in B-ALL with IGH rearrangements. FISH was performed by using commercially available IGH dual-color break-apart rearrangement probes (Abbott/Vysis, Downers Grove, IL, USA; Kreatech, Amsterdam, Netherlands). The study group included seven B-ALL patients with IGH rearrangements, observed by FISH. Among them, two exhibited deletion of the 5' variable region of IGH by FISH. The B-ALL in these two patients included two kinds of abnormal cells; one had an IGH rearrangement without any IGH submicroscopic deletion, while the other had an IGH submicroscopic deletion, which showed that one normal fusion signal and one 3' IGH signal were detected. Thus, submicroscopic deletion of the IGH 5' variable region may have occurred in either the native or rearranged chromosome 14. These findings indicate that B-ALL with IGH rearrangements may be accompanied by submicroscopic deletions of the IGH 5' variable region, which can be detected by FISH. The clinical significance of such deletions is unclear, but the loss of part of the IGH gene in B-ALL warrants further study.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2015 · Annals of Laboratory Medicine

  • No preview · Article · Jun 2014

  • No preview · Article · Feb 2014 · Acta Haematologica
  • Eun-Sun Yoo · YeungChul Mun · JeeYoung Ahn · Jung-Won Huh · Chu Myong Seong

    No preview · Article · Aug 2013 · Experimental Hematology

  • No preview · Article · Jun 2013 · Acta Haematologica
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    ABSTRACT: The clinical heterogeneity of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with trisomy 8 as the sole abnormality may result from cytogenetically undetectable genetic changes. The purpose of this study was to identify hidden genomic aberrations not detected by metaphase cytogenetics (MC) using high-resolution single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP-A)-based karyotyping in AML/MDS patients with a sole trisomy 8. The study group included 8 patients (3 AML and 5 MDS) and array-based karyotyping was done using whole-genome SNP-A (SNP 6.0 and SNP 2.7M). By SNP-A, additional genomic aberrations not detected by MC were identified in 2 patients: 1 AML patient exhibited a copy-neutral loss of heterozygosity (CN-LOH) of 3q21.1-q29 and 11q13.1-q25 and the other patient with MDS (refractory cytopenia with unilineage dysplasia) had CN-LOH of 2p25.3-p15. In particular, the latter patient progressed to AML 18 months after the diagnosis. In 3 patients, aberrations in addition to trisomy 8 were not identified by SNP-A. In the remaining 3 patients, SNP-A could not detect trisomy 8, while trisomy 8 was found in 25-67% of metaphase cells by MC. This study suggests that additional genomic aberrations may in fact be present even in cases of trisomy 8 as sole abnormality by MC, and SNP-A could be a useful karyotyping tool to identify hidden aberrations such as CN-LOH.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2012 · Acta Haematologica
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    ABSTRACT: Prognosis is known to be better in cases with isolated chromosomal abnormalities than in those with complex karyotypes. Accordingly, del(20q) as an isolated abnormality must be distinguished from cases in which it is associated with other chromosomal rearrangements for a better stratification of prognosis. We report a case of an isolated del(20q) abnormality with additional genomic aberrations identified using whole-genome single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP-A)-based karyotyping. A 39-yr-old man was diagnosed with AML without maturation. Metaphase cytogenetic analysis (MC) revealed del(20)(q11.2) as the isolated abnormality in 100% of metaphase cells analyzed, and FISH analysis using D20S108 confirmed the 20q deletion in 99% of interphase cells. Using FISH, other rearrangements such as BCR/ABL1, RUNX1/RUNX1T1, PML/RARA, CBFB/MYH11, and MLL were found to be negative. SNP-A identified an additional copy neutral loss of heterozygosity (CN-LOH) in the 11q13.1-q25 region. Furthermore, SNP-A allowed for a more precise definition of the breakpoints of the 20q deletion (20q11.22-q13.31). Unexpectedly, the terminal regions showed gain on chromosome 20q. The patient did not achieve complete remission; 8 months later, he died from complications of leukemic cell infiltrations into the central nervous system. This study suggests that a presumably isolated chromosomal abnormality by MC may have additional genomic aberrations, including CN-LOH, which could be associated with a poor prognosis. SNP-A-based karyotyping may be helpful for distinguishing true isolated cases from cases in combination with additional genomic aberrations not detected by MC.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2012 · Annals of Laboratory Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Background: A firm understanding of the biology of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell (HSC/HPC) trafficking is critical to improve transplant efficiency and immune reconstitution during hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Our earlier findings suggested that suppression of CD26 (dipeptidyl peptidase IV) proteolytic activity in the donor cell population can be utilized as a method for increasing transplant efficiency. However, factors in the recipient should not be overlooked, given the potential for the bone marrow (BM) microenvironment to regulate HSCT. Study design and methods: We first evaluated CD26 expression and then investigated the effects of the CD26 inhibitor diprotin A and the absence of CD26 (CD26-/-) in recipient mice on HSC/HPC homing and engraftment using an in vivo congenic mouse model of HSCT. Results: A significant increase in donor cell engraftment into the peripheral blood (PB), and to a lesser extent homing into the BM, was observed in CD26-/- mice or CD26 inhibitor-treated mice. Increased PB engraftment of CD26-/- mice was significant at 3 and 6 months, but not 1 month, after transplant. It was noted that the increased homing was statistically greater with donor cell manipulation (CD26-/- donor cells) than with recipient manipulation (CD26-/- recipient mice). Conversely, donor and recipient manipulation both worked well to increase PB engraftment at 6 months. Conclusion: These results provide preclinical evidence of CD26, in the HSCT recipient, as a major regulator of HSC/HPC engraftment with minor effects on HSC/HPC homing and suggest the potential use of CD26 inhibitors in HSCT patients to improve transplant efficiency.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2012 · Transfusion
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    Jungwon Huh · Yeung Chul Mun · Wha Soon Chung · Chu Myong Seong
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    ABSTRACT: Chromosomes forming a corresponding ring cannot be clearly defined by conventional cytogenetics or FISH. Karyotypic analyses using whole-genome single nucleotide polymorphism arrays (SNP-A) may result in the identification of previously cryptic lesions and allow for more precise definition of breakpoints. We describe a case of AML with metaphase cells bearing -5, del(11)(q22), and +r. With SNP-A, a 5p-terminal deletion (11 megabases [Mb]), a 5q-terminal deletion (27 Mb), an 11q-interstitial deletion (29 Mb), and a 21q gain (3 Mb) were identified. Therefore, the G-banded karyotype was revised as 46, XY, r(5)(p15. 2q33.2), del(11)(q14.1q23.2), dup(21)(q22.13q22.2)[18]/46,XY[2]. SNP-A could be a powerful tool for characterizing ring chromosomes in which the involved chromosomes or bands cannot be precisely identified by conventional cytogenetics or FISH.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2012 · Annals of Laboratory Medicine
  • Jungwon Huh · Yeung Chul Mun · Chu Myong Seong · Wha Soon Chung

    No preview · Article · Mar 2012 · Annals of Hematology
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    ABSTRACT: Trisomy 22 is closely associated with inv(16) or t(16;16) and could be a marker of cryptic rearrangement of CBFB/MYH11 in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Trisomy 22 not associated with CBFB/MYH11 rearrangement is a rare event. Here, we report a case diagnosed as refractory anemia with excess blasts-2 (RAEB-2) with sole trisomy 22 in the absence of CBFB/MYH11 rearrangement. The cytogenetic study of bone marrow cells disclosed trisomy 22 in 10% of metaphase cells analyzed. The other chromosomal abnormalities were not found. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using CBFB/MYH11 probe to detect cryptic inv(16)(p13q22) showed negative result. We also excluded rearrangements of chromosome 5, 7, 8, 20, and ETV6 by FISH. Sole trisomy 22 not associated with inv(16) is a true entity.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2012
  • Jungwon Huh · Yeung Chul Mun · Chu Myong Seong · Wha Soon Chung
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    ABSTRACT: Single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP-A)-based karyotyping can identify copy-neutral loss of heterozygosity (CN-LOH) as well as cryptic lesions not detected by metaphase cytogenetics. We report serial genetic studies on a patient diagnosed with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia who progressed to acute leukemia. Monosomy 7 was predominantly found at diagnosis, but clones changed to CN-LOH of chromosome 7 with disease progression. Furthermore, subclones with genomic aberrations of 3q gain, 1p CN-LOH, and trisomy 12 newly appeared, suggesting that they were also involved in the transformation process. Additionally, by SNP-A, a presumably balanced translocation, t(14;20), identified by metaphase cytogenetics, was shown to result in an unbalanced 20q deletion at the breakpoint. The sequential changes identified by SNP-A may provide a better understanding of the mechanism of clonal evolution.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2011 · Cancer Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: Incorporation of novel agents has resulted in an improved response rate and reduced side effects in multiple myeloma. This has prompted combining novel agents in induction chemotherapy in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. Our patients received 2 cycles of vincristine, adriamycin, dexamethasone (VAD) and then 2 cycles of bortezomib, thalidomide, dexamethasone (VTD) chemotherapy as an induction treatment. Subsequently, autologous stem cell transplantation was performed, and bortezomib was administered as a consolidation therapy. Seventy-one patients were enrolled, and 65 were evaluable for response. After 2 cycles of VAD, the overall response rate was 69%. After VTD, the response rate improved to 97% with a complete response (CR) and near CR rate of 27%. Importantly, patients with cytogenetics, having poor prognostic features, all responded after VTD. Autologous stem cells were successfully collected in all 58 patients with a median CD34+ cell count of 7.12 × 10(6)/kg (range, 1.94-44.7 × 10(6)/kg), except in 1 patient (2%). After ASCT, 36 patients completed bortezomib maintenance with a combined CR and near CR rate approaching 75%. Median time to response was rapid (1.6 months). With a median follow-up duration of 52.7 months, the median TTP was 29.4 months and median OS was not reached. Toxicities proved manageable. In conclusion, sequential VAD and VTD induction therapy in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma was active with manageable toxicity and excellent stem cell yields. The incorporation of bortezomib as a consolidation therapy improved the clinical outcome with the expense of rather frequent development of peripheral neuropathy.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2011 · Annals of Hematology
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    ABSTRACT: A variant Philadelphia chromosome (Ph) is generated from translocation of one or more partner chromosomes in addition to chromosomes 9 and 22. We have described the cases of 2 patients bearing variant Ph detected by interphase FISH but not detected by G-banded karyotyping and metaphase FISH. FISH was performed using BCR/ABL dual color dual fusion translocation probes (Abbott Molecular, USA). A 52-year-old man was diagnosed with acute leukemia of mixed phenotype. G-banded karyotyping showed 46,XY,t(9;22)(q34;q11.2)[12]/47,idem,+der(22)t(9;22)[5]/46,XY[3]. Interphase FISH revealed nuc ish(ABL1,BCR) × 3(ABL1 con BCR × 2)[329/450]/(ABL1,BCR) × 4(ABL1 con BCR × 3)[5/450]/(AL1,BCR) × 3(ABL1 con BCR × 1)[44/450]. Metaphase FISH showed ish (9;22)(ABL1+,BCR1+;BCR+,ABL+)[22]/der(22)(BCR+,ABL1+)[3]. The other case was that of a 31-yr-old male patient diagnosed with CML in the blastic phase. G-banded karyotyping of all 20 metaphase cells showed 47,XYYc,dup(1)(q21q32),del(7)(p11.2),t(9;22)(q34;q11.2). Interphase FISH revealed nuc ish(ABL1,BCR) × 3(ABL1 con BCR × 2)[254/600]/(ABL1,BCR) × 3(ABL1 con BCR × 1)[191/600]. Metaphase FISH showed ish t(9;22)(ABL1+,BCR+;BCR+,ABL1+)[16]. These results suggest that typical t(9;22) and variant Ph may coexist in the same patient, and interphase FISH may facilitate the detection of the variant Ph that cannot be detected by G-banded karyotyping alone.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2010 · The Korean Journal of Laboratory Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis can provide important information in the management of patients with hematologic malignancies. However, FISH performed in addition to G-banded karyotype can be labor-intensive and expensive. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether FISH gives additional information in the setting of adequate conventional cytogenetics in cases of hematologic malignancies. Bone marrow aspirates were obtained from 135 patients at diagnosis (56 AML, 32 MDS, 20 ALL, and 27 MM) between 2005 and 2010. Interphase FISH was performed using the following probes: BCR/ABL1, AML1/ETO, PML/RARA, CBFB, MLL, EGR1, CEP8, and D7S486 for AML; CEP8, D20S108, EGR1, and D7S486 for MDS; BCR/ABL1, MLL, CDKN2A (p16), ETV6, and 6q21/c-myc for ALL; IgH, TP53, D13S25, IgH/CCND1, IgH/MAF, IgH/FGFR3, and 1q21/8p21 for MM. We compared the results of FISH with the corresponding aberrations identified by G-banded karyotype. Additional genetic aberrations detected by FISH (which were not identified by G-banded karyotype) were 4%, 9%, 50%, and 67% in AML, MDS, ALL, and MM, respectively. In ALL, CDKN2A and ETV6 FISH revealed additional genetic aberrations in 33% and 28% of cases, respectively. In MM, FISH was of benefit in detecting IgH, D13S25, TP53, and 1q21 rearrangements, not detected by G-banded karyotype (31%, 36%, 20%, and 40%, respectively). These results suggest that performing FISH in addition to G-banded karyotype may contribute little additional genetic information in AML and MDS, whereas routine FISH analysis appears to be an efficient screening method in ALL and MM.
    Preview · Article · Sep 2010 · The Korean journal of hematology
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    ABSTRACT: In patients with isolated thrombocytopenia, but without significant dysplasia, diagnosis of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) rather than myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) may be taken into account. It is important to make an accurate diagnosis because different treatments are used for ITP and MDS. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical and hematologic features of patients who were initially diagnosed as ITP but had cytogenetic abnormalities. We retrospectively reviewed cytogenetic studies of 100 patients who were diagnosed as ITP from 2004 to 2009 at Mokdong Hospital of Ewha Womans University based on clinical features and hematologic studies. Bone marrow pathology was re-evaluated based on 2008 WHO classification. Cytogenetic analysis was performed by 24-48 hr culture of bone marrow aspirates without using mitogens and 20 metaphases were analyzed. Of the 100 patients diagnosed as ITP initially, three patients (3%) had cytogenetic abnormalities. They had no thrombocytopenia-related symptoms and thrombocytopenia was found accidentally. The numbers of megakaryocytes in bone marrow were increased and dysplasia was not found in megakaryocyte, erythroid, and myeloid cell lineages. The proportion of blasts was within normal limits. Clonal chromosomal abnormalities found were der(1;7)(q10;p10), add(9)(q12), or t(7;11)(p22;q12). Presumptive diagnosis of MDS or diagnosis of idiopathic cytopenia of undetermined significance (ICUS) was made according to 2008 WHO classification. During the follow up, disease progression was not found. In patients with suspected ITP, cytogenetic analysis should be done. If specific clonal chromosomal abnormality is found, presumptive diagnosis of MDS has to be considered and close follow up is needed.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2010 · The Korean Journal of Laboratory Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: A 60-year-old man presented with cough, sputum, and dyspnea. He had a history of acute myeloid leukemia and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation with chronic renal failure. Chest CT scans showed miliary nodules and patchy consolidations. Histological examination revealed numerous fibrin balls within the alveoli and thickening of the alveolar septum, both of which are typical pathological features of acute fibrinous and organizing pneumonia (AFOP). We report the first case of AFOP following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2009 · The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: CD44 is an essential surface glycoprotein component of the hyaluronan receptor and is associated with adhesion and metastasis in many solid tumors. There are several isoforms of CD44, including CD44 standard (CD44s) and 10 CD44 variants (CD44v1 to CD44v10). We evaluated the clinical significance of CD44s and CD44v6 in biliary tract cancers. Patients who had been diagnosed with primary biliary tract cancers were enrolled onto the study, and tissue specimens were obtained during surgery. Paraffin-embedded tissue sections were evaluated for the presence of CD44s and CD44v6 by immunohistochemical staining. We decided CD44s and CD44v6 expression as overexpression, which shows an intensity grade of >10%. Clinical data of all patients were reviewed. Ninety-five patients (35 men and 60 women; median age, 64 years; range, 37-86 years) were evaluated. The incidence of overexpression (>10%) of CD44s was 49%, and that of CD44v6 was 17%. The median postoperative follow-up duration was 34.3 months, and the median overall survival was 12.2 months. The Cox proportional hazard ratio (HR) test identified CD44s overexpression (0% to 10% vs. 10% to 100%; HR, .420; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], .211-.837; P = .014) and cancer stage as prognostic factors. However, the expression of CD44v6 (0% to 10% vs. 10% to 100%; HR, 1.462; 95% CI, .630-3.393; P = .377) had no prognostic significance for survival. CD44s overexpression is useful as a marker of a poor prognosis for biliary tract cancer. Aggressive postoperative therapy should be considered for such patients.
    No preview · Article · May 2008 · Annals of Surgical Oncology

Publication Stats

128 Citations
54.58 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2000-2015
    • Ewha Womans University
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      • • Department of Laboratory Medicine
      • • Department of Pediatrics
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2012
    • Rush University Medical Center
      Chicago, Illinois, United States