Indrani Roy

Indian Statistical Institute, Baranagore, West Bengal, India

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Publications (22)41.69 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background: The seasonal pattern of asthma-related hospitalization has often been correlated with ambient allergen/pollutant levels. Objective: To examine the relationship between asthma-related hospital admissions (ARHA) and outdoor pollen, spore, and pollutant levels for adult patients in a densely populated Indian megacity Kolkata. Methods: ARHA data were obtained from two major teaching hospitals of the city. Pollen and spores causing allergic sensitization were identified by skin prick tests (SPTs) among respiratory allergic subjects (N = 1353). Outdoor concentrations of aeroallergens were determined using a Burkard sampler for five consecutive years (2004-2009). Levels of NO(2), SO(2), suspended particulate matters (SPMs), and respirable particulate matters (RPMs) were made available by West Bengal Pollution Control Board (WBPCB, Government of West Bengal). Poisson multivariate Poisson regression (with adjustments for overdispersion) was used to model the data. Results. We found that ARHA in Kolkata increased with predictable regularity in March and September, while remaining low in January and July. SPT showed highly positive skin reactions with grass/weed and palm pollens in respiratory allergic patients, while Aspergilli spores also evoked good sensitivity. In our regression model, the airborne pollen types, Cheno-Amaranthaceae and Cyperaceae, and the inorganic pollutant, SO(2) and RPM, were significantly associated with ARHA (p < .05). Conclusion: ARHA in the megacity of Kolkata shows two seasonal peaks that can be correlated with outdoor grass/weed pollen and RPM concentrations. In contrast, the city's ambient fungal spore counts were not found to be significantly associated.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2012 · Journal of Asthma
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    ABSTRACT: Airborne pollen is an important and potent source of aeroallergens. The aim of the study was to conduct a 2-year aerobiological survey in Calcutta, India, for knowing the concentration and seasonal periodicity of Lantana camara (LC) pollen. The sensitization due to this pollen among seasonal respiratory allergic patients and its chemical composition was studied. An aerobiological survey was conducted with a volumetric Burkard sampler from 2004 to 2006. Protein components of LC pollen were characterized by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and IgE immunoblotting. Allergenic activities were determined by in vivo (skin prick test) and in vitro (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. In vitro inhibition tests were performed to evaluate cross-reactivity. LC pollen was present from March to May and from September to December contributing up to 10.5% to the total aeropollen load during peak month. Horizontal profile showed highest concentration for nearest (0.5 m) rotorod and it was decreased by half in a distance within 4.5–6.5 m from plot edge. LC pollen contained 7.5% carbohydrate, 19.3% lipid with proline and valine as dominant amino acid. Among 1,500 adult respiratory allergic patients tested, 7.93% showed higher level of positive reaction. IgE binding proteins of 22, 42, 45 and 95 kD were revealed. LC pollen showed remarkable cross-reactivity with other local Verbenaceae pollen taxa (Clerodendron viscosum, Tectona grandis and Vitex negundo). This is the first study on LC pollen regarding its aerobiological, clinical and immuno-biochemical aspects; it should be helpful for the diagnosis and therapy of patients susceptible to LC pollen.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2012 · Aerobiologia
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    ABSTRACT: Peltophorum pterocarpum (yellow gulmohar, PP) pollen is an important aeroallergen for type I hypersensitivity in the tropics. To isolate and characterize the IgE-binding proteins of PP pollen for the first time. Pollen extract was fractionated by a combination of Sephacryl S-200 column and diethylaminoethyl-Sephadex column. Allergen characterization was done by sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, periodic acid-Schiff staining, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and western blotting. Allergenic activities were determined by in vivo (skin prick test) and in vitro (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and histamine release) analyses. To determine whether the carbohydrate chains are involved in immunoreactivity, deglycosylation of PP pollen proteins was performed. SPT results on the respiratory allergic patients of Calcutta showed that 32.77% showed positivity with PP pollen. Eight IgE-reactive protein components were found in crude extract. Optimum IgE-reactive fraction 1 was resolved into five subfractions. The subfraction 1a showed maximum IgE reactivity containing the 28 kDa IgE-reactive component. Periodate oxidation showed that protein component was involved in its IgE binding. Twenty-eight kilodalton IgE reactive protein component was recognized by 75% of PP-sensitive patients in Western blotting. It also induced significant histamine release in sensitive patient sera. The purified 28 kDa protein is a clinically relevant allergen with a potential for diagnosis and therapy of patients susceptible to PP pollen.
    No preview · Article · May 2011 · Annals of allergy, asthma & immunology: official publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology
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    ABSTRACT: Airborne pollen is an important and potent source of aeroallergens. The aim of the study was to conduct a 2-year aerobiological survey in Calcutta, India, for knowing the concentration and seasonal periodicity of Lantana camara (LC) pollen. The sensitization due to this pollen among seasonal respiratory allergic patients and its chemical composition was studied. An aerobiological survey was conducted with a volumetric Burkard sampler from 2004 to 2006. Protein components of LC pollen were characterized by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and IgE immunoblotting. Allergenic activities were determined by in vivo (skin prick test) and in vitro (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. In vitro inhibition tests were performed to evaluate cross-reactivity. LC pollen was present from March to May and from September to December contributing up to 10.5% to the total aeropollen load during peak month. Horizontal profile showed highest concentration for nearest (0.5 m) rotorod and it was decreased by half in a distance within 4.5–6.5 m from plot edge. LC pollen contained 7.5% carbohydrate, 19.3% lipid with proline and valine as dominant amino acid. Among 1,500 adult respiratory allergic patients tested, 7.93% showed higher level of positive reaction. IgE binding proteins of 22, 42, 45 and 95 kD were revealed. LC pollen showed remarkable cross-reactivity with other local Verbenaceae pollen taxa (Clerodendron viscosum, Tectona grandis and Vitex negundo). This is the first study on LC pollen regarding its aerobiological, clinical and immuno-biochemical aspects; it should be helpful for the diagnosis and therapy of patients susceptible to LC pollen.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2011 · Aerobiologia
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    ABSTRACT: Delonix regia and Peltophorum pterocarpum pollen are important aeroallergens for type 1 hypersensitivity in the tropics. The IgE-binding proteins of D regia and their cross-allergenity with P pterocarpum pollen have not been evaluated. To isolate and characterize the IgE-binding proteins of D regia pollen for the first time and to investigate the cross-allergenity with P pterocarpum pollen belonging to the same family (Leguminosae). Allergenic activities were determined by in vivo and in vitro analyses. Pollen extract was fractionated by a combination of 2 columns (diethyl amino ethyl Sephadex and Sephacryl S-200). Protein components were characterized by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, periodic acid-Schiff staining, and immunoblotting. In vitro inhibition tests were performed to evaluate the cross-reactivity. The skin prick test results of the patients with respiratory allergies in Calcutta, India, showed 31.1% positivity with D regia pollen. Nine IgE-reactive protein components were found in the crude extract. An optimum IgE-reactive fraction was resolved into 4 subfractions. Subfraction A, which showed maximum IgE reactivity, contained 2 (96- and 66-kDa) IgE-reactive protein components. The 66-kDa component was found to be glycoprotein. Remarkable cross-reactivity between D regia and P pterocarpum pollen was found on IgE enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay inhibition and dot blotting. Shared IgE-binding components (66, 56, 32, 28, 25, and 23 kDa) were observed between D regia and P pterocarpum pollen extracts, whereas the 96- and 43-kDa components were specific to D regia. The purification of the IgE-binding proteins and the identification of the shared/cross-reactive proteins in these taxonomically related pollen members should be helpful for the diagnosis and therapy of patients susceptible to these pollens.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2009 · Annals of allergy, asthma & immunology: official publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Food allergy may be defined as an immunoglobulin E-mediated immune response to food proteins. Such studies have previously not been done in Calcutta, India. The present study was therefore undertaken to record the sensitivity to commonly consumed foods in patients with allergic rhinitis and asthma. Materials and Methods: A survey of 800 patients (410 males and 390 females) reporting to the Allergy Unit of the Institute of Child Health, Calcutta, were selected for the study conducted from May 2006 to April 2007. Respiratory allergic patients in the age group of 5 to 60 years were evaluated using a standard questionnaire, and skin prick test was performed using common food and aeroallergens. Results/Conclusions: Out of the 684 patients with a history of food allergy, most of them, that is, 338, are in the age group 16 to 40 years, 192 of them were in the age group 41 to 60 years, and 154 were in the age group 5 to 15 years. Most of the patients with food allergy had asthma (65.05%), rhinitis and asthma (20.03%), and skin allergies (4.97%), such as itching, eczema, and urticaria. The foodstuffs that were found to elicit symptoms of hypersensitivity were egg, milk, wheat, pulses, vegetables, fishes, and fruits. The patients aged between 16 and 40 years (male-female ratio, 1:1.19) were mostly sensitive to prawn, brinjal, banana, ladyfinger, papaya, wheat, and egg. The age group 41 to 60 years (male-female ratio, 1:1.04) had high skin reactivity to brinjal, egg, banana, fish, and Phaseolus mungo. Patients younger than 16 years (male-female ratio, 1:1.33) were sensitized to brinjal, prawn, banana, spinach, and egg. We observed that food hypersensitivity also reflects different genetic factors and variations in cultural and dietary habits of each individual.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2009 · World Allergy Organization Journal

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2009 · World Allergy Organization Journal
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    ABSTRACT: The role of pollen grains as a causative agent of respiratory allergic disorders such as asthma and allergic rhinitis is common and very well established. The aim of this study was to assess the frequencies of airborne pollen in the Calcutta metropolis and to identify the taxa which cause significant amounts of sensitization. An aeropalynological survey of the atmosphere of Calcutta was carried out from 2004 to 2006. Skin tests were performed with a panel of the most common pollen types on local patients with clinical features of pollinosis. The meteorological factors responsible for the frequency of the pollen types were analysed. The results of monthly visits to the clinic by these patients were correlated with the monthly pollen counts of three dominant and perennial pollen taxa. The dominant pollen types were Trema (19%), Poaceae (12.98%), Casuarina (5.76%), Cocos (5.7%), Azadirachta (4.65%), Peltophorum (3.71%), Cyperaceae (3.68%), Delonix (3.18%) and Areca (2.56%). Total pollen concentration seems to have a significant positive correlation with temperature and wind speed whereas there was a negative correlation with humidity. Skin tests were most frequently found to be positive with the pollen of Poaceae (49%), Azadirachta (46%), Cocos (47%), Cyperaceae (35%), Peltophorum (33%), Areca (29%), Phoenix (26%), and Borassus (23%). A positive correlation occurred between visits to the clinic and monthly pollen count of Areca, Cocos, and Poaceae. This is the first study to design a pollen calendar for Calcutta city; it will provide useful data for enabling allergologists to achieve accurate diagnosis for patients with pollen hypersensitivity.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2008 · Aerobiologia
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    ABSTRACT: Peltophorum pterocarpum and Delonix regia are dominant avenue trees in the city of Kolkata in India. They are well adapted to the humid tropical climate and also grow commonly in different parts of the country. Their pollen grains are reported to be airborne. The aim of this study was to conduct an aerobiological survey in Kolkata to determine the concentration and seasonal periodicity of pollen grains from P pterocarpum and D regia and to analyze the meteorological factors responsible for their levels in the atmosphere. In addition, we analyzed the prevalence of sensitization due to these grains among patients with seasonal respiratory allergy. An aerobiological survey was conducted with a volumetric Burkard sampler from 2004 to 2006. Correlations between meteorological parameters and pollen grain concentrations were assessed by Spearman correlation test. The protein profile of the pollen extracts was studied by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Finally, the allergenic potential of the pollen extracts was evaluated in patients with respiratory allergy by skin prick test, immunoglobulin (Ig) E enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and IgE immunoblotting. P pterocarpum and D regia pollen grains occur from March to June and April to July, respectively. The pollen concentrations showed statistically significant positive correlations with maximum temperature and wind speed. Positive reactions to P pterocarpum and D regia were observed in 26% and 22% of the patients, respectively. Many protein bands were detected in the pollen extracts over a wide molecular weight range. A total of 5 (P pterocarpum pollen) and 8 (D regia pollen) protein fractions were detected by IgE immunoblotting. P pterocarpum and D regia pollen grains are dominant in the atmosphere of south Kolkata and they are influenced by temperature. The pollen grains release proteins that may be responsible for immediate hypersensitivity reactions in sensitive patients.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2008 · Journal of investigational allergology & clinical immunology: official organ of the International Association of Asthmology (INTERASMA) and Sociedad Latinoamericana de Alergia e Inmunología

  • No preview · Article · Nov 2007 · World Allergy Organization Journal

  • No preview · Article · Nov 2007 · World Allergy Organization Journal

  • No preview · Article · Nov 2007 · World Allergy Organization Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Catharanthus roseus G. Don. (CR) or periwinkle plants are widely grown/ cultivated as garden plants in the tropics and subtropics. In spite of its predominantly entomophilous nature, CR pollen had been reported to be airborne and allergenic. The objective of this study was to discover the seasonal changes of CR pollen concentration in air, to determine its potential to cause respiratory allergy and to analyze its allergenic components. A 2-year aerobiological survey was conducted with a Burkard 7-day sampler in an agricultural farm in the suburban zone of Calcutta city where CR pollen was found to be almost perennial with 3.6-5.4% contribution to the aeropollen load. Skin prick test was conducted on 282 respiratory allergic individuals living within a 15 km radius of the study area. 29.8% of them were positive to CR pollen. Among them, 80.9% were directly involved in gardening. The whole pollen extract was subjected to gel filtration in a Sephacryl S-200 column. Among 5 eluted fractions, fraction I showed optimum IgE-reactivity in ELISA-inhibition. The fraction I shows 4 protein components in SDS-PAGE, within which 3 (40-66 kD molecular mass) were found to be IgE-reactive in immunoblotting using patient sera. It can be concluded that CR pollen can trigger IgEmediated respiratory allergy in the people living in close proximity.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2007 · Annals of agricultural and environmental medicine: AAEM
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    ABSTRACT: Although the efficacy of allergen immunotherapy has been demonstrated in seasonal pollen allergy, there is no report of a double-blind placebo-controlled trial with standardized pollen extract in seasonal respiratory allergy from India. In the agricultural area of eastern India, Phoenix sylvestris Roxb or date sugar palm is grown or cultivated and seasonal allergic rhinitis is common during the pollen season. The objective of the present study was to observe the clinical and immunological changes during a 2-year double-blind placebo-controlled trial of immunotherapy with standardized P sylvestris pollen extract in respiratory patients sensitive to pollen from this wild date palm. Thirty-five subjects with typical seasonal allergic rhinitis with or without bronchial asthma were selected. A symptom-medication score (based on a questionnaire and diary) was correlated with pollen counts as recorded in a Burkard sampler. Eighteen subjects were randomized to a specific immunotherapy (SIT) group receiving regular injections containing standardized allergen extract and 17 to a placebo control group. Changes in the level of specific immunoglobulin (Ig) E, IgG1, and IgG4 were recorded at 3-month intervals. Measurement of wheal diameter, total IgE level and forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) were performed before starting and a month after finishing therapy. The SIT group showed decreases of 33.5% and 57% from the baseline symptom-medication scores during the first and second treatment season, respectively. This group showed significant decreases in skin-reactivity to P sylvestris pollen extract and in specific IgE levels, and significant increases in FEV,, specific IgGI (1.95-3.2 times higher) and IgG4 (21.24-30.83 times higher). There were no significant changes in total IgE levels. The control group showed no significant changes for any parameter except the development of new sensitization in 2 cases (to Saccharum officinarum pollen grain and Alternaria species spores). The rate of local adverse reactions was 0.024%. After a 2-year study, allergen immunotherapy with standardized P sylvestris pollen extract was found to be effective in seasonal respiratory allergic subjects susceptible to P sylvestris pollen with a narrow range of sensitization.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2006 · Journal of investigational allergology & clinical immunology: official organ of the International Association of Asthmology (INTERASMA) and Sociedad Latinoamericana de Alergia e Inmunología
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    ABSTRACT: Carica papaya L. is a fruit yielding tree, wildly grown or cultivated in the tropics and subtropics. Its pollen grain has been reported to be airborne and cause immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated hypersensitivity. To conduct long-term aerobiological study on Carica pollen, along with aeroallergenic particles originating from it and to identify vis-a-vis characterize an important IgE-reactive component present in this pollen. The seasonal and diurnal periodicities of airborne C. papaya pollen were recorded in a 5-year survey using a Burkard volumetric sampler. The allergenic potential was studied by skin prick tests, IgE-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and also by aeroallergen immunoblotting. The total pollen extract was fractionated by Sephacryl S-200 column, and out of the eluted five fractions, the maximum IgE-reactive fraction (as found in ELISA inhibition) was resolved into five major subfractions in reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC). The subfraction with optimum IgE reactivity was studied by activity gel, native and nonreducing sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). The homogeneity of the isolated protein fraction was checked by crossed immunoelectrophoresis with rabbit antisera and IgE reactivity was confirmed by ELISA inhibition and immunoblotting using individual patient sera. The Carica pollen occurred in the air round the year with peaks during January and September-October. Among a patient population of 1000, skin-test results showed 27.8% +1 level and 5.6% +2/+3 level reactions. In aeroallergen immunoblotting of exposed Burkard tape segments, the detected allergen spots showed a significant correlation with airborne pollen count recorded. The pollen extract elicited loss of IgE reactivity when treated with reducing agent-like beta-mercaptoethanol and heat, but showed six IgE-reactive components in nonreducing IgE-immunoblot. The fraction 1 eluted from Sephacryl S-200 column showed highest IgE reactivity and resolved into five major components in RP-HPLC. Out of these, the fraction showing optimum IgE reactivity in IgE-ELISA inhibition and immunoblotting with patient antisera, elicited esterase activity and found to be a homogenous protein of 100 kDa. Carica papaya tree contributes significantly to the aeropollen and aeroallergen load of the suburban outskirts of Calcutta metropolis, India. The pollen extract contains an important IgE-reactive protein component of 100 kDa molecular weight with esterase activity.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2005 · Allergy
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    Arnima Bist · Lata Kumar · Indrani Roy · P Ravindran · S N Gaurs · AB Singh
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    ABSTRACT: Exposure to local pollen allergens has a direct bearing on the prevalence of allergic symptoms among the inhabiting atopic population. The populations in the Himalayas and around it are exposed to a variety of pollen grains from trees growing in the region, but the pollen-population interaction has not been clinically investigated. Himalayan tree pollen from five different taxa, i.e. Alnus nitida (AN), Betula utilis (BU), Cedrus deodara (CD), Mallotus phillipensis (MP) and Quercus incana (QI) were evaluated for their allergenicity in the Indian population by in vivo (skin prick test) and in vitro (ELISA) clinico-immunological methods. The presence of specific IgE against these tree pollen in the sera of skin test positive patients was taken as evidence for sensitization to these pollen. The average skin positivity in atopic populations recorded at different allergy centers in India varied from 2.2% against AN, to 4.7% against MP pollen. Significantly raised specific IgE against these pollen were observed in the sera of hypersensitive patients. The sensitization pattern to Himalayan tree pollen in these atopic populations varied. It was concluded that skin prick test positivity and raised IgE antibodies specific to AN, BU, CD, MP and QI established Himalayan tree pollen as important sensitizers in the atopic populations of India. A high incidence of skin sensitivity was observed to pollen antigens of Cedrus deodara, Mallotus phillipensis and Quercus incana in patients of Chandigarh residing in the hills and foothills of the Himalayas while Alnus nitida, Betula utilis and Cedrus deodara were important sensitizers in Delhi patients. The skin sensitization pattern against these pollen was in accordance with the level of exposure to these pollen of the subjects residing in that part of the country.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2005 · Asian Pacific journal of allergy and immunology / launched by the Allergy and Immunology Society of Thailand
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    ABSTRACT: The Arecaceae (palm) family is predominantly distributed in the tropics and subtropics. Areca catechu (betel nut), Borassus flabellifer (fan palm), Cocos nucifera (coconut) and Phoenix sylvestris (date sugar palm) are widely cultivated all over the Indian subcontinent. These members are anemophilous and release numerous pollen grains in air during pollination period. These grains are known to cause IgE-mediated human respiratory allergy. In this context, a study was conducted on 448 respiratory allergic subjects, sensitive to one/more of the relevant pollen types from Greater Kolkata and suburbs, by case study, skin reaction test, IgE-ELISA, immunoblot and immunoblot inhibition. 72 and 48 kDa components from Areca, 100 kDa component from Borassus, 16 kDa component from Cocos and 66 and 33 kDa components from Phoenix pollen were found to be inhibited by the other three respective pollen extracts. This may be due to the sequence and structural homology of the epitopes. Therapeutic and diagnostic use of these shared components carrying most of the IgE-epitopes could minimize the hazards of impurities and side effects in allergen-specific immunotherapy/hypo-sensitization of palm pollen susceptible allergic patients.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2004
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    ABSTRACT: Pollen grains of the Euphorbiaceae family are well known causative agents of respiratory allergies in India, European countries and USA. Mallotus phillipensis belongs to the same family and may have some common allergenic properties. It has thus been evaluated for the first time in Indian population for its pollinosis causing properties. Pollen antigen of Mallotus phillipensis (MP) was extracted and characterized for its protein components by biochemical methods. Pollinosis potency of crude extract of MP pollen was evaluated by skin prick test on population residing in different parts of India. Specific IgE binding characteristics of the extract were determined by ELISA and Immunoblot. Marked skin reactivity in 5.7% atopic population was recorded and subjects constituting 23.8% of the total patients tested showed skin sensitivity to the MP pollen antigen. Significantly raised specific IgE against MP pollen were recorded in 50% of the skin test positive patients. A number of protein bands were detected in a wide Molecular weight range as well as in acidic pI range, by SDS-PAGE and IEF, respectively. A total 11 protein fractions were detected by the specific IgE antibodies on immunoblotting with patient's sera and were considered allergenic. Patients from different geographical regions have shown sensitization to MP pollen antigen. Many proteins have similar molecular weights and pI as other allergenic members of the family (Ricinus communis and Putranjiva roxburghii) found in India, which constitutes a good reason for studying cross reactivity among the members of family Euphorbiaceae, in the future.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2004 · Journal of investigational allergology & clinical immunology: official organ of the International Association of Asthmology (INTERASMA) and Sociedad Latinoamericana de Alergia e Inmunología
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    ABSTRACT: Allergy to pollen from gymnosperms is well documented in the West. However, many allergenic species are native to the Himalayan region of India, and Cedrus deodara (Pinaceae) was selected for allergologic investigation. The objective was to define the allergologic and immunochemical aspects of C. deodara pollen. Pollen antigen from C. deodara (CD) was prepared and characterized by biochemical and biologic assays. Specific IgE binding was determined by means of ELISA and immunoblotting. CD pollen antigen caused marked skin sensitivity in 7.5% of an atopic population. A significantly elevated level of CD-specific IgE antibodies was observed in 65.8% of the skin-positive patients. Immunoblotting showed protein fractions of 37, 44, 58, and 78 kDa with 100% binding with the patients' sera suspected to be due to carbohydrate moieties. Patients from the Himalayan region, where CD occurs naturally, were sensitized more than patients from distant places. The immunochemical characterization revealed multiple protein fractions from low to very high molecular mass (14-126 kDa) mostly in the acidic pI range. CD pollen has been recognized as a new allergen from India for the first time. The role of pollen as a causative agent of respiratory allergic disorders is very well established, as is evident from the recent increase of reports from across the world (1-4). India is blessed with the richest flora on the earth, from alpine tundra to Rajasthan desert. Consequently, it provides considerable variation in the quality and quantity of airborne pollen in different ecogeographic regions of the country (5-8). Although studies on the allergenic properties of airborne pollen from various species have been carried out by several workers in India (9-12), information on allergy to aerial pollen from Himalayan tree species has been completely
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2000 · Allergy
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Allergy to pollen from gymnosperms is well documented in the West. However, many allergenic species are native to the Himalayan region of India, and Cedrus deodara (Pinaceae) was selected for allergologic investigation. The objective was to define the allergologic and immunochemical aspects ofC. deodara pollen. Methods: Pollen antigen from C. deodara (CD) was prepared and characterized by biochemical and biologic assays. Specific IgE binding was determined by means of ELISA and immunoblotting. Results: CD pollen antigen caused marked skin sensitivity in 7.5% of an atopic population. A significantly elevated level of CD-specific IgE antibodies was observed in 65.8% of the skin-positive patients. Immunoblotting showed protein fractions of 37, 44, 58, and 78 kDa with 100% binding with the patients’ sera suspected to be due to carbohydrate moieties. Conclusions: Patients from the Himalayan region, where CD occurs naturally, were sensitized more than patients from distant places. The immunochemical characterization revealed multiple protein fractions from low to very high molecular mass (14–126 kDa) mostly in the acidic pI range. CD pollen has been recognized as a new allergen from India for the first time.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2000 · Allergy

Publication Stats

176 Citations
41.69 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012
    • Indian Statistical Institute
      Baranagore, West Bengal, India
  • 1998-2012
    • Institute of Child Health Calcutta
      Kolkata, Bengal, India
  • 2008
    • Bose Institute
      • Division of Plant Biology
      Kolkata, Bengal, India