H.S. Yang

Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, United States

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Publications (2)6.01 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Fifteen USDA Select beef strip loins were divided individually into four equal width sections, and one of six treatments containing phosphate and/or calcium lactate (CAL) enhancement solutions were assigned randomly to each loin section (n = 10). Steaks from each loin section were packaged with high-oxygen (80% O2) modified-atmosphere packaging, and/or irradiated at 2.4 kGy, stored 10 days and then displayed for 5 days at 1 °C. Instrumental colour, total reducing activity (TRA), 2-thiobarbituric acid value (TBARS), and NADH concentration were measured. Loins with CAL and phosphate maintained the most stable red colour, increased NADH (p < 0.05), and were the least oxidised. Among irradiated steaks, CAL with phosphate treatment significantly minimised lipid oxidation, increased NADH and TRA, and consequently had a higher a∗ value. These results suggest that lactate inclusion improves colour stability of fresh beef by providing superior antioxidant capacity and increased reducing activity of myoglobin by elevating NADH concentration.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2009 · Food Chemistry
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    ABSTRACT: Two different bovine muscles -M.longissimus lumborum (LD) and M. psoas major (PM) - were injection-enhanced (n=10, respectively) with solutions containing phosphate and potassium L- or D-lactate, cut into steaks, packaged with a high-oxygen (80% O(2)) modified atmosphere packaging, stored 9d at 2°C and then displayed for 5d at 1°C. Instrumental color, total reducing activity (TRA), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity, and NADH were measured. Enhancement with L-lactate resulted in less color deterioration, and higher a(∗) and chroma values (P<0.05) than non-enhanced control of the bovine muscles. L-lactate enhancement significantly increased NADH concentration and TRA of LD and PM than the non-enhanced control through increased LDH-B flux at 14d. This study presents supportive evidence that the lactate-LDH system remains active for muscles with different metabolic activities and may be a possible mechanism of the lactate-color stabilization effect. Further, L-lactate enhancement can be utilized for improving muscles with lower color stability in high-oxygen modified atmosphere.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2009 · Meat Science