[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report herein the case of a patient in whom metastatic colon carcinoma was found within an inguinal hernia sac. According to Lejar's classification, colon carcinomas within inguinal hernias are categorized as intrasaccular- and saccular-type tumors. In our patient, asymptomatic transverse colon carcinoma was the primary lesion, and to the best of our knowledge, this is only the fourth case of such a saccular-type tumor to be reported in the literature. To date, 21 cases of intrasaccular tumors have been reported, and saccular-type tumors are considered to be an even rarer entity, unless the patients have obvious ascites, indicating peritonitis carcinomatosa. Histologic examination of the hernia sac is recommended for male patients of advanced age with an inguinal hernia, especially those who have previously undergone surgery for colorectal carcinoma.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was undertaken to investigate the bilirubin clearance, bilirubin conjugation and biliary bilirubin excretion after an intravenous single bilirubin injection (5 mg/kg or 10 mg/kg) in 10 mongrel dogs. Serum total bilirubin concentration increased after the bilirubin injection, and then it immediately decreased. Biliary excretion of loaded bilirubin induced a rapid increase of the bile total bilirubin concentration and bilirubin-monoconjugate. In the 10 mg/kg group, the increase was larger than in the 5 mg/kg group and remained high up to 4 hr after injection, whereas in the 5 mg/kg group these bile components tended to decrease and returned to the preinjection levels within 4 hr. The total bile acid concentration in the bile remained unchanged in both groups. The bile flow did not change in the 5 mg/kg group, but in the 10 mg/kg group it decreased after bilirubin loading. Significantly positive correlations were observed between total bilirubin and bilirubin monoconjugate concentrations in bile both before and 1 hr after injection, but the slopes of regression lines were markedly different from each other. These results suggest that a bilirubin load surpassing the conjugating capacity of the hepatocytes increases bile bilirubin monoconjugate and also enhances the conjugating activity in the liver.
No preview · Article · Nov 1991 · The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine