[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Using a human-mouse monochromosomal hybrid, BG15-6, that contains an intact human chromosome 5, we isolated four monoclonal antibodies, 2A10, 3H9, 5G9, and 6G12, as chromosome marker antibodies recognizing cell surface antigens specific for human chromosome 5. The binding patterns of these antibodies to BG15 subclones containing fragments of human chromosome 5 indicated that 2A10, 3H9, and 6G12 recognized the antigens produced by genes located on 5pter-q22, and that 5G9 recognized the antigen produced by a gene located on 5q23. Cells containing human chromosome 5 were very effectively sorted in a fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS) using monoclonal antibody 6G12. This method for sorting cells containing human chromosome 5 or an appropriate fragment of this chromosome from among human-rodent hybrid cells should be very useful in studies on gene expression, gene cloning and gene mapping.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A mutant of Chinese hamster ovary cells, GE1, that is highly resistant to diphtheria toxin was isolated. The mutant contains 50% ADP-ribosylatable elongation factor 2, but its protein synthesis was not inhibited by the toxin even at concentrations above 100 micrograms/ml. 125I-labeled diphtheria toxin was associated with GE1 cells as well as with the parent cells but did not block protein synthesis of GE1 cells even when the cells were exposed to low pH in the presence or absence of NH4Cl. The infections of GE1 cells and the parent cells by vesicular stomatitis virus were similar. GE1 cells were cross-resistant to Pseudomonas aeruginosa exotoxin A and so were about 1000 times more resistant to this toxin than the parent cells. Hybrids of GE1 cells and the parent cells or mutant cells lacking a functional receptor were more sensitive to diphtheria toxin than GE1 cells. These results suggest that entry of diphtheria toxin into cells requires a cellular factor(s) in addition to those involved in receptor function and acidification of endosomes and that GE1 cells do not express this cellular factor. This character is recessive in GE1 cells.
No preview · Article · Oct 1987 · Experimental Cell Research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A human-mouse hybrid segregant HM76Dd40-6 with new characteristics was derived from the hybrid cell line HM76Dd containing human chromosome 19 as the only human chromosome. Three virus sensitivities located on human chromosome 19 (PVS, E11S and RDRC) were lost in HM76Dd40-6, while six other genes (C3, LDLR, EF2, GPI, PEPD and MANB) were retained. Cytogenetic analysis and in situ hybridization using human or mouse repeated sequences as probes showed that the region q13.1-qter of human chromosome 19 had been replaced by a fragment of mouse chromosome. Our results permit further regional assignment for the following five genes on human chromosome 19: GPI in the region cen-q12, MANB in p13.2-q12, E11S and RDRC in q13.1-qter, and EF2 in pter-q12.