Gurden Gur

Baskent University, Engüri, Ankara, Turkey

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Publications (29)104.43 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The need for colonoscopy is common among diabetic patients. However, there are no standards per se for bowel preparation in patients with type 2 diabetes. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of sodium phosphate (NaP), and the quality of bowel cleansing in relation to glycemic control and late complications. A total of 50 consecutive type 2 diabetic patients and 50 non-diabetic patients underwent bowel preparation by NaP. Fasting blood glucose, sodium (Na), potassium (K), calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), magnesium, and creatinine levels were measured on the procedure day. Patients were given a tolerability questionnaire regarding symptoms. With regard to bowel preparation quality, optimal bowel cleansing was achieved in 35 (70%) diabetic and 47 (94%) non-diabetic patients (P = 0.002). Abdominal pain or discomfort during and an hour after the procedure was similar in both groups (P >0.05). The changes in Na, K, Ca, P and creatinine levels after NaP use did not reach statistical significance between the groups (P >0.05). In the diabetic patients, there was a significant correlation between the quality of bowel cleansing and mean age, duration of diabetes mellitus, level of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), fasting blood glucose level, and diabetic late complications (P <0.05). These data suggest that NaP is safe and tolerable in diabetic patients, but the quality of bowel cleansing is worse than in non-diabetic patients. These observations support the concept that the quality of bowel cleansing in those with type 2 diabetes is closely related to the duration and regulation of the disease and the presence of late complications.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2010 · Southern medical journal
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    ABSTRACT: The need for colonoscopy is common among diabetics. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of autonomous neuropathy on bowel preparation in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) patients. The study population consisted of 45 patients with DM and 48 non-diabetic, age- and sex-matched subjects. All colonoscopies were performed 5 h after the last dose of sodium phosphate. Colonoscopists rated the bowel preparation quality during the procedure using the Aronchick scale. All patients underwent a detailed cardiologic examination and 24-h Holter rhythm monitoring. Orthostatic hypotension and impairment in heart rate variability were accepted as indicators of autonomous neuropathy. Gender, age, blood pressure, and heart rates did not differ significantly between groups (p > 0.05). Autonomous neuropathy was detected in 14 (31.1%) patients in the DM group and in two (4.2%) in the control group (p < 0.05). Optimal bowel cleansing was achieved in 93.8% of controls and 73.3% of diabetics; bowel cleansing was suboptimal in 26.7% of diabetics and 6.2% of controls (p < 0.05). Optimal bowel cleansing was achieved in six of 14 (42.8%) diabetic patients with autonomous neuropathy; however, optimal bowel cleansing was achieved in 27 of 31 (87.1%) diabetic patients without autonomous neuropathy (p < 0.05). Although optimal bowel cleansing was more prevalent among control patients than in diabetic patients without autonomous neuropathy, the difference was not significant (87.1% vs 93.8%; p > 0.05). These data suggest that optimal bowel cleansing is poorer in diabetics with autonomous neuropathy than in those without autonomous neuropathy and controls.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2009 · International Journal of Colorectal Disease
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    ABSTRACT: The correlation of the risk of malignancy with the sum of the diameters of small colonic polyps is unknown, and data regarding this topic are lacking. In this study, the relationship between the sum of the diameters of the total number of colonic polyps and poor histopathologic characteristics was examined. A total of 920 neoplastic colon polyps were evaluated in 480 patients. The "total polyp diameter" (i.e. the sum of all polyp diameters identified during colonoscopy), which was calculated in each patient by adding the diameter of each polyp to a sum, was categorized as "small" (<10mm in diameter) or "large" (> or =10mm in diameter). The polyps were further categorized by histopathologic component as "unfavorable" or "favorable" and were divided into 2 groups: group 1 (those identified as carci noma, carcinoma in situ, villous adenoma, and tubulovillous adenoma with a villous component of more than 25%) and group 2 (mixed adenomatous polyps with various degrees of hyperplastic or inflammatory components and adenomas with a tubular component of more than 75%). Large polyps that had a total diameter greater than or equal to 10mm tended to have poor histopathologic characteristics (p<0.05). Polyps generally tended to localize in the left portion of the colon, and malignant polyps or those at risk for malignancy in particular tended to localize in the left colon (p<0.05). Polypectomy is recommended for patients in whom the sum of the diameter of all colonic polyps exceeds 10mm.
    No preview · Article · May 2008 · Hepato-gastroenterology
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we investigated possible independent predictive factors for survival, other than MELD score, in patients with cirrhosis. We reviewed the serum sodium, cholesterol, albumin, and platelet levels of 99 patients with cirrhosis and investigated the possible correlation of these parameters with survival period. We found that 77% and 81% of patients with cirrhosis were hypocholesterolemic and hypoalbuminemic, respectively. We noted that the survival time of 6 months in patients with serum sodium levels <125 mM at the time of admission to the study was 27% less than that in patients with sodium levels >130 mM. Patients with cirrhosis and serum sodium levels >130 mM survived for more than 1 year (95% CI). MELD scores of patients with serum sodium levels >130, between 125 and 129, and <125 mM were 15.8 to 19.9, 19.7 to 23.6, and 23.3 to 27.2, respectively (95% CI). In conclusion, we suggest that although all of these parameters are correlated with survival in patients with cirrhosis, the serum sodium level is the most accurate prognostic factor and a valid tool for predicting survival when considered in combination with the MELD score.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2007 · Digestive Diseases and Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine the risk of polyps <6 and between 6 and 10 mm in terms of progression to malignancy and to evaluate the influence of age, gender, and colonic localization on malignancy development. Thirteen hundred sixty-nine polyps <10 mm identified in 680 patients were retrospectively evaluated. Sixty-seven and two-tenths percent of polyps <10 mm were of a neoplastic nature. The incidence of neoplasia was higher in left-sided and small polyps than diminutive polyps. In patients older than 60 years, small polyps showed a higher rate of high-risk histology than diminutive polyps,while the same relationship did not exist in other age groups. In male patients over 60 years of age, the rate of high-risk histology was higher in small polyps than in diminutive polyps.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2007 · Digestive Diseases and Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: Forty-eight hepatitis B virus (HBV) E antigen-negative chronic hepatitis B patients received pegylated interferon alfa-2b either alone or with lamivudine for 48 weeks and were followed for an additional 24 weeks. At the end of follow-up, virological response rates (HBV DNA levels of <400 copies/ml) were similar in the monotherapy (24%) and combination therapy (26%) groups.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2007 · Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
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    ABSTRACT: We aimed to compare the level of thrombocytopenia in cirrhotic patients with HBV and those with HCV, and to investigate whether the reduced serum level of IL-6 in patients with HCV is responsible for the lower platelet count compared to those with HBV through the effect on serum thrombopoietin level. Fifty-three patients with liver cirrhosis, 28 of who were HBV- seropositive (Group A), 25 of who were HCV- seropositive (Group B) and 15 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. Platelet count in group B [75 (1.5-99) K/microL] were lower than those of group A [140 (62-374) K/microL] (p < 0.001). The median levels of serum thrombopoietin in patients [group A: 31.9 (31-113) pg/mL and group B: 38.0 (31.2-102) pg/mL] and controls [31.3 (31-153) pg/mL] did not show statistically significant difference. The patients compared to controls, had higher serum IL-6 levels [3.6 (2-1150) vs. 2.0 (2-9.9) pg/mL], (p < 0.01), which showed similarity in group A and B patients [3.65 (2-1150) vs. 3.3 (2-45) pg/mL], (p=NS). Serum thrombopoietin level was not correlated with serum IL-6 levels in any group. Serum thrombopoietin and IL-6 levels had no relationship with platelet count and with Child-Pugh score. Our study showed that cirrhotic patients with HCV had lower platelet count than those with HBV and controls, and this difference does not appear to be related with either serum thrombopoietin or IL-6 level.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2007 · Hepato-gastroenterology

  • No preview · Article · Apr 2007 · Journal of Hepatology
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of heparin on TNF-alpha and interleukin (IL)-6 levels and the complement system in liver regeneration in a murine model. 32 Wistar albino female rats weighing between 180 and 250 g were included in the study. The rats were divided into four groups as follows: group 1, treated with partial (50%) hepatectomy and intravenous heparin 1,000 IU/kg in repeated daily doses; group 2, treated with sham operation and intravenous heparin 1,000 IU/kg in repeated daily doses; group 3, treated with partial (50%) hepatectomy, and group 4 (controls), treated with only sham operation. Before the surgical intervention and after a general anesthetic had been administered to all rats, blood was taken from the left ventricle of each rat, and each sample was assessed to determine total complement hemolytic activity (CH(50)/ml). On the 5th postoperative day, blood was taken to assess CH(50) activity and the levels of TNF-alpha and IL-6 via ELISA. Each rat was then killed by decapitation after which gravimetric analysis and immunohistochemical staining for proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) were performed. Serum CH(50) activity of group 1 was 4% as compared to 51% in group 3 (p = 0.01). The serum TNF-alpha level of group 1 was 43 pg/ml as compared to 86 pg/ml in group 3 (p = 0.002). The serum IL-6 level of group 1 was 19 pg/ml as compared to 44 pg/ml in group 3 (p = 0.02). The serum IL-6 level of group 2 was 4 pg/ml as compared to 44 pg/ml in group 3 (p = 0.005). According to the results of gravimetric analysis, the mean regeneration rate of group 1 was 4.4% as compared to 22% of group 3 (p = 0.001). The mean PCNA index values of group 2 was the highest of all groups (p = 0.01). However, the mean PCNA index value of group 1 was the lowest of all groups (p = 0.01). Because of its anti-inflammatory action via the complement system, heparin produced an unfavorable effect on liver regeneration.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2007 · European Surgical Research
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    ABSTRACT: Infection is a serious complication of nutritional support, causing a high rate of mortality and morbidity. Critically ill patients having nutritional support are prone to infectious complications. Questions regarding the effects of the route of nutrition in infectious complications have been asked. We aimed to determine the relationship between the route of nutrition and the risk of developing infectious complications in severely ill patients on nutritional support in an intensive care unit. A retrospective review was performed on the files of 144 severely ill patients who had either enteral or parenteral nutrition during follow-up in an intensive care unit. The primary diagnoses of patients were heterogenous. Sixty-eight (35.8%) of them acquired novel infections during the hospitalization period. Forty-nine and 19 of the 68 infected patients had enteral and parenteral nutrition support, respectively. Seventy-six (40%) of the patients were free of infection. Fifty-one of 76 infection-free patients had enteral nutrition support, and 25 of them had parenteral nutrition support. Pulmonary infections, urinary tract infections, catheter infections and septicemia were the most frequent types of infectious complications. There was no significant difference in the rate of infectious complications between enteral nutrition and parenteral nutrition groups (p > 0.05). We conclude that the route of the nutritional support in severely ill patients having nutritional support in an intensive care unit does not affect the rate of infectious complications. We think that comorbid medical conditions and the need of intensive care unit support are more important parameters that determine the risk of development of infectious complications.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2007 · Journal of the National Medical Association
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatitis B (HBV) infections continue to occur in adult hemodialysis units. Occult HBV infection (serum hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] negative but HBV DNA positive) may be a contributing factor in these patients. This study was designed to (1) investigate the prevalence of occult HBV infection in hemodialysis patients and (2) compare the prevalence of occult HBV infection among hepatitis C (HCV)-positive and HCV-negative hemodialysis patients. The study included 138 patients on chronic hemodialysis. Eighty-four patients were HCV positive and 54 were HCV negative. HBV DNA testing was performed by polymerase chain reaction. We also recorded general characteristics of the patients, duration of hemodialysis, and serum alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase levels. Twenty-one (15.2%) of the 138 hemodialysis patients were HBV DNA positive. Nine (16.6%) of the 54 anti-HCV antibody negative hemodialysis patients were HBV DNA positive. Twelve (14.2%) of the 84 anti-HCV antibody positive patients were HBV DNA positive. The prevalence in anti-HCV Ab positive and negative hemodialysis patients were same (P > .05). Hemodialysis duration, demographic features, and biochemical parameters were not significantly different in patients with and without occult HBV infection in both HCV-positive and -negative hemodialysis patients (P > .05). HCV positivity is not a contributing factor to occult HBV infection in hemodialysis patients. None of the parameters tested help to distinguish patients with occult HBV infection from those who are HBV DNA negative.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2006 · Digestive Diseases and Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of types of dialysis treatments on hepatitis C virus infection and the epidemiologic properties of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection at three Baskent University hospitals, in Ankara, Adana, and Izmir, Turkey, in 655, 326, and 118 patients with end-stage renal disease, respectively. One hundred thirty patients with HCV viremia among 271 patients with end-stage renal disease seropositive for HCV were included in this cross-sectional study. HCV RNA-positive patients were classified according to the renal replacement therapies (hemodialysis or continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis), and viral load, transaminase levels, and distribution of genotypes were compared between these subgroups. In the continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis group, 26 of 165 patients (16%) were serum anti-HCV positive, and 11 of 26 patients (42%) were serum HCV RNA positive. Twenty-six percent of the patients undergoing hemodialysis were anti-HCV positive, and 49% were HCV RNA positive. The prevalence of genotype 1b was 68% and 73% for patients in the continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis groups, respectively. No significant differences were found between the genotype 1b and the non-1b groups or between different dialysis types with regard to age and sex and serum aspartate transaminase, alanine aminotransferase, and HCV RNA levels. We conclude that HCV seropositivity may differ between different types of dialysis treatments, although viral load and genotypes may be similar in persons with end-stage renal disease and those without.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2006 · Digestive Diseases and Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: Esophageal involvement of pemphigus vulgaris (PV) had been considered an exceptional event. We present the case of a woman with PV who developed esophageal involvement while being treated with azathioprine and resolved after steroid therapy. This case highlights that esophageal involvement of PV might be resistant to immunosuppressive therapy other than steroids.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2006 · Journal of the National Medical Association

  • No preview · Article · May 2006 · Leukemia and Lymphoma
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    Full-text · Article · Apr 2006 · American Journal of Hematology
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effects of Helicobacter pylori infection on gastric epithelial cell kinetics in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF). Forty-four patients were enrolled in this study and divided into four groups with respect to their Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) and CRF status. Groups were labeled as follows: 1a: normal renal function, H pylori negative (n = 12), 1b: normal renal function, H pylori positive (n = 11), 2a: CRF, H pylori negative (n = 10), 2b: CRF, H pylori positive (n = 11). Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was done in all the patients involved in the study. During endoscopical investigation, antral biopsy specimens were taken from each patient. In order to evaluate the cell apoptosis and proliferation in gastric epithelial cells, Bax and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) labeling indexes (LI) were assessed with immunohistochemical staining method. For groups 1a, 1b, 2a, and 2b, mean Bax LI was identified as 34.4+/-13.7, 44.1+/-16.5, 46.3+/-20.5, 60.7+/-13.8, respectively and mean PCNA LI was identified as 36.2+/-17.2, 53.6+/-25.6, 59.5+/-25.6, 67.2+/-22, respectively. When the one-way ANOVA test was applied, statistically significant differences were detected between the groups for both Bax LI (P = 0.004 <0.01) and PCNA LI (P = 0.009 <0.01). When groups were compared further in terms of Bax LI and PCNA LI with Tukeyos HSD test for multiple pairwise comparisons, statistically significant difference was observed only between groups 1a and 2b (P = 0.006 <0.01). In gastric epithelial cells, expression of both the pre-apoptotic protein Bax and the proliferation marker PCNA increase with H pylori infection. This increase is more evident in patients with uremia. These findings suggest that uremia accelerates apoptosis and proliferation in gastric epithelial cells.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2005 · World Journal of Gastroenterology
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    Mehmet Kanbay · Gurden Gur · Sule Akcay · Ugur Yilmaz
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    ABSTRACT: A high rate of seropositivity for antibodies against Helicobacter pylori has been found in many extra-gastrointestinal diseases. In addition, it has been reported that the risk of chronic bronchitis may be increased in subjects infected with H. pylori. This study was designed to determine the H. pylori seroprevalence in patients with and without chronic bronchitis. This study enrolled 68 patients with chronic bronchitis (40 men and 28 women, aged 50.5+/-16.2 years (mean+/-standard deviation) and 95 control subjects (60 men and 35 women, aged 51.8+/-15.9 years) matched for age and sex. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay immunoglobulin (Ig) G test for H. pylori diagnosis was performed on all enrolled subjects (those with chronic bronchitis and controls). Forty-five of 68 patients with chronic bronchitis (66.1%) and 48 of 95 subjects in the control group (57.7%) tested positive for H. pylori (P=0.008). Rates of H. pylori infection are higher in patients with chronic bronchitis than in the control group. The main conclusion of this study is that H. pylori infection is associated with an increased prevalence chronic bronchitis. Further studies should be planned to understand the potential pathogenetic mechanisms that might underlie this association.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2005 · Respiratory Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Cytomegalovirus (CMV)-associated diseases remain a major problem in transplant recipients. Early diagnosis is critical. Presentation of early CMV colitis can be mild and nonspecific in transplant recipients. Although serology is helpful in the diagnosis, sometimes it is inadequate. Because the endoscopic features of CMV colitis are specific, colonoscopy facilitates the histopathologic examination. We present the clinical properties and advantages of early colonoscopy in transplant recipients with CMV colitis. The study group included seven patients (six men, one woman of mean age, 36.7 years (range, 22 to 64 years) whose mean transplant duration was 12.3 months (range, 1 to 72 months). Six of the seven patients experienced an acute graft rejection treated with high doses of steroids; one patient had a herpes simplex virus infection. All patients were on steroid treatment with a various combinations of immunosuppressive agents, including cyclosporine, mycophenolate mofetil, and tacrolimus. All patients presented with mild diarrhea without any blood or mucous discharge. Four patients had fever exceeding 38 degrees C; two had abdominal pain. Stool examinations revealed normal findings in six patients, while one patient had white blood cells and amoebic cysts. Serum CMV IgM and CMV pp65 antigenemia were negative in five of seven patients and two had positive results. All patients showed typical colonoscopic and histopathologic findings compatible with CMV colitis. Standard ganciclovir treatment was successful in all patients. Early and rapid colonoscopy is beneficial for the early diagnosis and management of CMV colitis in transplant recipients.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2005 · Transplantation Proceedings
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    ABSTRACT: To determine whether Helicobacter pylori (H pylori)infection caused hyperhomocysteinemia by altering serum vitamin B(12), serum folate and erythrocyte folate levels and whether eradication of this organism decreased serum homocysteine level. The study involved 73 dyspeptic H pylori-positive patients, none of them had gastric mucosal atrophy based on rapid urease test and histology. Out of 73 patients, 41 (56.2%) showed a successful eradication of H pylori 4 wk after the end of treatment. In these 41 patients, fasting serum vitamin B(12), folate and homocysteine levels, and erythrocyte folate levels before and 4 wk after H pylori eradication therapy were compared. The group with a successful eradication of H pylori had significantly higher serum vitamin B(12) and erythrocyte folate levels in the post-treatment period compared to those in pre-treatment period (210+/-97 pg/mL vs 237+/-94 pg/mL, P<0.001 and 442+/-212 ng/mL vs 539+/-304 ng/mL, P = 0.024, respectively), but showed no significant change in serum folate levels (5.6+/-2.6 ng/mL vs 6.0+/-2.4 ng/mL, P = 0.341). Also, the serum homocysteine levels in this group were significantly lower after therapy (13.1+/-5.2 micromol/L vs 11.9+/-6.2 micromol /L, P = 0.002). Regression analysis showed that serum homocysteine level was positively correlated with age (P = 0.01) and negatively with serum folate level before therapy (P = 0.003). Eradication of H pylori decreases serum homocysteine even in patients who do not exhibit gastric mucosal atrophy. It appears that the level of homocysteine in serum is related to a complex interaction among serum vitamin B(12), serum folate and erythrocyte folate levels.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2005 · World Journal of Gastroenterology
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate susceptibility of Helicobacter pylori to amoxicillin and clarithromycin in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients and non-uremic controls. The subjects with dyspeptic complaints were 33 ESRD patients and 46 age- and sex-matched non-uremic controls who exhibited H pylori on antral biopsy specimens. The two groups were age and sex matched. The H pylori strains' pattern of susceptibility to amoxicillin and clarithromycin was investigated with the agar dilution technique. None of the H pylori strains from either group showed resistance to amoxicillin with the agar dilution method. Twelve (36.4%) of the ESRD group strains and 7 (15.2%) of the control group strains showed resistance to clarithromycin, and this difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Resistance to amoxicillin does not appear to be an important problem in H pylori-infected ESRD and non-uremic patients in our region. In contrast, the rates of resistance to clarithromycin are high, particularly in the ESRD population.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2005 · World Journal of Gastroenterology