[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study investigated the effects of various components [vitamin D3 (VD3), beta-glycerophosphate (BGP), and ascorbic acid (AA)] on the potential of human adipose-derived progenitor cells (ADPCs) to transdifferentiate into osteoblast-like cells. ADPCs were induced under four different supplement groups: (1) VD3+BGP+AA, (2) VD3 alone, (3) BGP+AA, and (4) no VD3, BGP or AA. Mineralization studies and presence of bone matrix-related proteins by immunostaining showed that the Group 1 ADPCs showed their ability to undergo osteoblastic differentiation. Further evaluation was made by estimation of levels of RUNX-2 and TAZ genes. Group 1 ADPCs showed the consistent expression of RUNX-2 and TAZ levels over the study period of 28days. The study showed good correlation among various parameters evaluated to conclude that ADPCs could be an alternative source for generating osteoblast-like cells.
Full-text · Article · Nov 2007 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: One major measurement of tissue-engineered constructs efficacy and performance is determining expression levels of genes of interest at the molecular level. This measurement is commonly carried out with reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). In this study, we described a novel method in achieving absolute quantification of gene expression using real-time PCR (aqPCR). This novel method did not require molecular cloning steps to prepare the standards for quantification comparison. Standards were linear double-stranded DNA molecules instead of the typical gene-in-plasmid format. aqPCR could also be used to give relative quantification comparisons between samples simply by dividing the copy numbers readings of the gene of interest with that of the normalization gene. RNA was extracted from monolayer and from polycaprolactone scaffold cultures and assayed for beta-actin and osteocalcin genes. We compared our aqPCR method with end-point PCR since end-point PCR is still a common means of measuring gene expression in the biomaterials field. This study showed that aqPCR was a better method to quantify gene expression than end-point PCR. With our described linear DNA standards method, we were able to obtain not only relative quantification of osteocalcin and beta-actin expression level but also actual copy numbers of osteocalcin and beta-actin for the monolayer culture and to be 1.34 x 10(4) and 1.45 x 10(7) copies, respectively and for the scaffold cultures to be 772 and 2.83 x 10(5) copies, respectively per starting total RNA mass of 10 ng. The standards curves made from these linear DNA standards showed good linearity (R(2)=0.9964 and 0.9902 for osteocalcin and beta-actin standards graphs), ranged from 10 to 10(9) copies and of comparable accuracy to current absolute quantification real-time PCR methods (which used plasmid standards obtained through molecular cloning methods). Our method might be a viable and more user-friendly alternative to current absolute quantification real-time PCR protocols.