[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Coeliac disease is a common cause of chronic diarrhea in children and adults. It is also frequently detected in children exclusively affected by iron deficiency anemia, hypocalcemia, short stature, dental enamel defects, epilepsy and intracranial calcifications, etc. The coeliac disease diagnosis may be facilitated by the use of some immunological tests like anti endomysial (AEA) or anti gliadin (AGA) antibodies detection. From December 1990 to September 1992 anti endomysial IgA and anti gliadin IgG antibodies were respectively detected in 1680 and 1598 sera from children and adults affected by chronic diarrhea, failure to thrive or other symptoms compatible with coeliac disease diagnosis. According to ESPGAN criteria at that time coeliac disease diagnosis was made in 73 cases. In our experience AEA IgA show to have a better sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of coeliac disease rather than AGA IgG (97.5% vs 95.1% and 99.5% vs 98.3% respectively).
No preview · Article · Jul 1994 · Recenti progressi in medicina
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Coeliac disease is the most frequent cause of chronic diarrhea (1:1000 children) in Italy. It often has atypical symptoms, so a sensitive and specific test is needed that can both simplify the ESPGAM criteria and monitor compliance of patients to their gluten free diet. The AEmA (anti endomysium antibody), found by Chorzelsky in 1984, appears to be a very sensitive and specific screening test in the diagnosis of coeliac disease (CD). Sera from 150 children, mean age 4 years (range 6 months to 20 years) were tested for endomysium antibodies (IgA class) and anti gliadin antibodies (IgG class). From our preliminary study IgA-AEmA seem to be more specific for CD than IgG class anti-gliaadin antibodies.
No preview · Article · Jan 1992 · La Pediatria medica e chirurgica: Medical and surgical pediatrics