[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this study, the vaporization ratio of the 2-mum laser in the prostatic tissue with benign prostatic hyperplasia was examined in vitro, to explore a technique to estimate the clearance rate of prostatic tissue during the transurethral vaporesection of the prostate. A total of 9 fresh prostatic tissue specimens were obtained by open surgery and the wet weight of the prostatic tissue were measured immediately after the sample collection. Under the simulated conditions of transurethral vaporesection of the prostate by 2-microm laser, each prostate gland was completely vaporesected into fragments with a diameter of less than 1.0 cm in vitro. After the vaporesection, the whole fragments of prostatic tissue were collected and measured. Then the lost weight of prostatic tissue, the weight of the collected prostatic tissue and the ratio of the lost weight of prostatic tissue to the wet weight of the prostate glandular organ specimen were calculated. The correlation between the weight of collected prostatic tissue and the weight of the whole glandular organ was analyzed. All the experimental procedures were carried out by one operator. Wet weight of the prostatic gland specimen and the weight of the harvested prostatic tissues after the procedure were recorded. With respect to the wet weight of prostate gland specimen, the percentage of the weight of collected prostatic tissue was (34.45 + or - 1.51) %, and the percentage of the lost weight of prostatic tissue was (65.55 + or - 1.51)%. Satisfactory linear relationship was observed between the weight of collected prostatic tissue and the wet weight of prostate gland specimen [y = 3.245 x -6.475 (t=15.097, P=0.000)]. It is concluded that under the simulated conditions of transurethral vaporesection of the prostate by 2-mum laser, the vaporization ratio of prostatic tissue can be calculated on the basis of the weight of collected prostatic tissue, and thereby the clearance of prostatic tissue during the formal operation by 2-microm laser could be quantitatively determined.
No preview · Article · Apr 2010 · Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To summarize and analyze the clinical features of bladder tumor patients who received transurethral partial cystectomy by 2 microm continuous wave laser, in 1 year post operation follow-up visits.
From December 2007 to May 2008, 47 bladder carcinoma patients were treated with 2 microm laser transurethrally under sacral block. Operation characteristics, operation time, intraoperative hemorrhages and postoperative complications, and pathology staging of the tumor were observed and postoperative follow-up visits were performed.
All of the operation procedures were successful. The surgery time was 5 to 15 minutes. Blood loss in the operation was minimal. There was no obturator nerve reflection, and no hemorrhaging was detected after the operation. The pathological stages can be judged correctly with the obtained specimens. There was one case with peritoneum perforation. The patients received 12 to 17 months of postoperative follow-up visits, and there was no recurrence at the resection site. The survival rate was 100%.
Transurethral partial cystectomy in the treatment of bladder tumor by 2 microm continuous wave laser is a safe, efficient and effective method. The tumor and all the basal part of bladder wall could be excised completely and the pathological stages can be judged correctly using these specimens to fulfill partial cystectomy for the treatment of bladder carcinoma.
No preview · Article · Feb 2010 · Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery]
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To observe the vaporesection efficiency of the 2 micron laser to the prostatic gland in benign prostatic hyperplasia, and investigate the method of estimating the amount of the vaporesected prostatic tissues during transurethral vaporesection of the prostate using the 2 micron laser system in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia.
Total 9 fresh prostatic gland specimens were obtained from patients with BPH under open surgical procedures, and vaporesected under a simulated transurethral environment with the 2 micron laser system immediately after weighted. Energies and time consumptions were noted, collections of vaporesected tissue specimens and the remnants of the prostatic glands were weighted after the procedures. The ratios of the vaporized tissues and the collected tissues to the whole vaporesected tissues were calculated respectively. The vaporesection efficiency of the 2 micron laser to the prostatic tissues was also calculated.
Among the total lost tissues, about (65.6 +/- 1.5) percent of which were that of vaporized, and nearly (34.5 +/- 1.5) percent were resected. Linear correlation between the weight of collected prostatic tissue(x) and the weight of prostatic gland specimens(y) could be defined as a formula of [y = 3.245x - 6.475 (t = 15.097, P = 0.000)].
The amounts of the whole prostatic tissues removed by the 2 micron laser could be calculated from the collected resected prostatic specimens under a simulated transurethral surgical procedure.
No preview · Article · Jan 2010 · Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery]