[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are well known to possess multipotential differentiation and are becoming a good tool for clinical research. However, specific markers for their purification and the mechanism of their osteogenic differentiation remain to be elucidated. In the present study, we compared the expression of CD106, and osteogenic differentiation-related proteins and genes in human bone marrow (BM)-derived MSCs, before and after differentiation by FACS, histochemical staining, immunohistochemical staining, RT-PCR, and real-time PCR. It was found that MSCs were positive for CD13, CD29, CD44, CD73, CD90, CD105, and CD166, but negative for CD14, CD31, CD34, CD62E, CD45, and GlyA. Notably, CD106 was detected before osteogenic induction, but its expression was downregulated 10 fold after 2 weeks of osteogenic differentiation as determined by flow cytometry. The results of RT-PCR and real-time PCR revealed that the expression of CD106 mRNA in MSCs significantly decreased by 7.1-, 4.2-, and 5.1-fold, respectively after osteogenic, chondrogenic, and adipogenic differentiation. In contrast, other MSC-positive markers described above did not change significantly even after differentiation. Compared to levels in control cells, after 2 weeks of osteogenic differentiation, mRNA levels of alkaline phosphatase, bone sialoprotein, osteocalcin, and transcript factors RUNX2 and Osterix showed more than 2-fold, 5-fold, 1.5-fold, 2-fold, and 5-fold increase, respectively. Thus, we speculate that CD106 might be a useful surface marker for BMMSCs. Moreover, alkaline phosphatase, type I collagen, osteonectin, osteopontin, and biglycin were expressed in the early stages of osteogenic differentiation before bone sialoprotein and osteocalcin. The present study should help to provide a novel marker for isolating purified MSCs and characterizing osteogenic differentiation.
No preview · Article · Feb 2008 · Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Stomach cancer is still a major cause of death in Asian people despite a complete cure after the resection of early cancers, mainly because peritoneal dissemination is difficult to treat. In the present study, we used two-dimensional differential gel electrophoresis (2-D DIGE) to identify specific proteins differentially expressed between a highly metastatic stomach cancer cell line MKN-45-P and its parental cell line MKN-45. We detected 27 protein spots in at least 2 of 3 experiments which showed statistically significant differences in abundance. All 27 protein spots were identified using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) and database-searching software. A proteomic analysis revealed 13 different proteins with some isoforms sharing different biochemical characteristics, and that 8 proteins were up-regulated, and 5 were down-regulated. The 13 proteins were mainly involved in protein synthesis (transfer RNA synthetase), metabolism (flavoprotein subunit, pyruvate kinase, adenylate kinase), receptor and signal transduction (annexins I and A2), the cytoskeleton (keratin 5, cytokeratin 8) and cell cycling (ts11). These results suggested that a proteomic approach including 2-D DIGE would be an efficient way to identify the proteins responsible for specific biological functions. Moreover, these observations might be novel findings leading to the prediction of postoperative peritoneal recurrence.
No preview · Article · Nov 2006 · Oncology Reports