Publications (3)9.67 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: Amrubicin, a synthetic 9-aminoanthracycline agent, was recently approved in Japan for treatment of small-cell lung cancer and non-small-cell lung cancer. Amrubicin is converted enzymatically to the C-13 hydroxy metabolite amrubicinol, which is active and possesses a cytotoxicity 10 to 100 times that of the parent drug. The purpose of this study was to characterize the pharmacokinetics of amrubicin and its active metabolite amrubicinol. Amrubicin was administered on days 1-3 in 16 patients with advanced lung cancer. The pharmacokinetics analysis of amrubicin and amrubicinol was performed by high-performance liquid chromatography. When 45 mg/m amrubicin was administered in a bolus injection once every 24 hours for 3 consecutive days, the areas under the curves (0 to 72 hours) for amrubicin and amrubicinol were 13,490 and 2585 ng . h/mL, respectively. The apparent total clearance (CLapp) of amrubicin was 15.4 L/h. The area-under-the-curve ratio of amrubicinol to amrubicin was 15.1 +/- 4.6% (mean +/- SD) at doses ranging from 30 to 45 mg/m. Interindividual variability in the enzymatic conversion of amrubicin to amrubicinol was small. In contrast, a large interindividual variability in the CLapp of amrubicin was observed (CV = 49.8%). The areas under the curves of amrubicin and amrubicinol seemed to be associated with the severity of hematologic toxicities. There is a possibility that monitoring of the plasma concentrations of amrubicin and amrubicinol may provide an efficient tool for establishing the optimal dosage of amrubicin in each patient.
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ABSTRACT: More than 30% of cases of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) arise in patients aged > or =70 years. The efficacy and safety of carboplatin-paclitaxel combination chemotherapy in elderly patients with advanced NSCLC were evaluated in a phase II trial. Twenty-five patients aged > or =70 years (median, 76; range, 70-83) with chemotherapy-naive advanced NSCLC were enrolled between January 2001 and July 2003. Additional criteria included the presence of measurable lesions, an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 or 1, and adequate organ function. Patients received carboplatin at an area under the curve of 5 mg/ml/min and paclitaxel at 180 mg/m(2) on the first day of consecutive 3 week periods. The patients included four with stage IIIB, 19 with stage IV and two with recurrent disease. The median number of treatment cycles was three (range, 1-4). One complete response and six partial responses, yielding an objective response rate of 28%, were obtained. The median survival time was 12.3 months and the 1-year survival rate was 52%. Hematological toxicities of grade 3 or 4 included leukopenia (40%), neutropenia (68%) and anemia (4%). Non-hematological toxicities of grade 3 included arthralgia-myalgia (16%) and neuropathy (12%). The objective response rate for patients aged > or =75 years (n = 15) was 26%, and no evidence of excessive toxicity in these patients was apparent compared with those aged <75 years. The combination carboplatin-paclitaxel at these doses is a feasible treatment option with a favorable toxicity profile for fit elderly patients with advanced NSCLC.
Kumamoto, Kumamoto, Japan
- Graduate School of Medical Sciences