Eun-Mi Park

Daegu Haany University, Daikyū, Daegu, South Korea

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Publications (5)6.01 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Ursolic acid (UA) is a pentacyclic triterpenoid compound that naturally occurs in fruits, leaves and flowers of medicinal herbs. This study investigated the dose-response efficacy of UA (0.01 and 0.05%) on glucose metabolism, the polyol pathway and dyslipidemia in streptozotocin/nicotinamide-induced diabetic mice. Supplement with both UA doses reduced fasting blood glucose and plasma triglyceride levels in non-obese type 2 diabetic mice. High-dose UA significantly lowered plasma free fatty acid, total cholesterol and VLDL-cholesterol levels compared with the diabetic control mice, while LDL-cholesterol levels were reduced with both doses. UA supplement effectively decreased hepatic glucose-6-phosphatase activity and increased glucokinase activity, the glucokinase/glucose-6-phosphatase ratio, GLUT2 mRNA levels and glycogen content compared with the diabetic control mice. UA supplement attenuated hyperglycemia-induced renal hypertrophy and histological changes. Renal aldose reductase activity was higher, whereas sorbitol dehydrogenase activity was lower in the diabetic control group than in the non-diabetic group. However, UA supplement reversed the biochemical changes in polyol pathway to normal values. These results demonstrated that low-dose UA had preventive potency for diabetic renal complications, which could be mediated by changes in hepatic glucose metabolism and the renal polyol pathway. High-dose UA was more effective anti-dyslipidemia therapy in non-obese type 2 diabetic mice.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Indian journal of experimental biology
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigated dose-response effects of chlorogenic acid (CA) on glucose metabolism and the anti-oxidant system in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice with a high-fat diet (HFD). Male ICR mice were fed with a HFD (37% calories from fat) for 4 weeks prior to intraperitoneal injection with STZ (100 mg/kg body weight). Diabetic mice were supplemented with two doses of CA (0.02% and 0.05%, wt/wt) for 6 weeks. Both doses of CA significantly improved fasting blood glucose level, glucose tolerance and insulin tolerance without any changes in plasma insulin and C-peptide levels. Plasma leptin concentration was significantly higher in the CA-supplemented groups than in the diabetic control group. Both doses of CA significantly increased hepatic glucokinase activity and decreased glucose-6-phosphatase activity compared to the diabetic control group. The ratio of glucokinase/glucose-6-phosphatase was dose-independently higher in CA-supplemented mice than in diabetic control mice. CA supplementation dose-independently elevated superoxide dismutase and catalase activities, whereas it lowered lipid peroxide levels compared to the diabetic control mice in the liver and erythrocyte. These results suggest that low-dose CA may be used as a hypoglycemic agent in a high-fat diet and STZ-induced diabetic mice.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    ABSTRACT: This study examined the ameliorative effect of a Du-zhong (Eucommia ulmoides Oliv.) cortex water extract (DzCw) on heme biosynthesis and erythrocyte antioxidant enzyme activities in lead (Pb)-administered rats. Male rats were divided into three groups: normal control group, Pb control group (Pb), and DzCw-administered Pb group (Pb + DzCw). The Pb (25 mg/kg of body weight) was administered orally once a week for 4 weeks, while the DzCw was administered orally at a dosage of 0.139 g of DzCw/kg of body weight/day. DzCw administration significantly lowered plasma Pb concentration compared with the Pb group. Furthermore, the blood hematocrit and hemoglobin levels were significantly higher in the Pb + DzCw group than in the Pb group. Although the blood and hepatic delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (ALAD) activities were significantly lower in the Pb group compared with the normal control group, both ALAD activities was normalized with the administration of DzCw. The erythrocyte superoxide dismutase and catalase activities were significantly higher in the Pb group than in the normal control group, whereas the glutathione peroxidase activity and glutathione level were lowered by Pb administration compared with the normal group. However, the administration of DzCw was found to enhance the antioxidant defense system and significantly lower lipid peroxidation levels in erythrocytes compared with the Pb group. These results indicate that the DzCw administration alleviated the Pb-induced oxidative stress in the erythrocytes through elevating the blood and hepatic ALAD activity and enhancing the antioxidant enzyme activities.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2005 · Journal of Medicinal Food
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigated the effect of cinnamate, a phenolic compound found in cinnamon bark and other plant materials, on lipid metabolism and antioxidant enzyme activities in rats fed a high cholesterol diet. Three groups of rats were given a diet containing 1 g of cholesterol/kg for 6 weeks. The control group only received the high cholesterol diet, whereas the other two groups received a diet supplemented with lovastatin or cinnamate (0.1 g/100 g of diet). The plasma high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol levels were significantly higher in the cinnamate group than in either the control or lovastatin groups, and the atherogenic index was significantly lower in rats with cinnamate supplementation. Supplementation with cinnamate resulted in significantly lower hepatic cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Accumulation of hepatic lipid droplets was higher in the control group than in the rats supplemented with either cinnamate or lovastatin. Hepatic 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA (HMG-CoA) reductase activity was significantly lower in the cinnamate group compared with the other groups, whereas only acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase activity was significantly lower in the lovastatin group compared with the control group. Cinnamate supplementation resulted in higher catalase and glutathione peroxidase activities, while hepatic thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances were significantly lower in both the cinnamate and lovastatin groups. The fecal acidic sterol was higher in the lovastatin group than in the control or cinnamate groups. These results suggest that dietary cinnamate inhibits hepatic HMG-CoA reductase activity, resulting in lower hepatic cholesterol content, and suppresses lipid peroxidation via enhancement of hepatic antioxidant enzyme activities.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2003 · Journal of Medicinal Food
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    ABSTRACT: Cinnamate is a widespread secondary metabolite of phenolic compound synthesized by plants for defensive purposes. The current study was designed to investigate the effect of two structurally related cinnamate derivatives, 4-hydroxycinnamate and 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)propionic acid (HPP), on the mRNA expression and activity of antioxidant enzymes in high-cholesterol-fed rats. Male rats were fed a 1 g/100 g high-cholesterol diet with supplements of either 4-hydroxycinnamate or HPP (0.135 mmol/100 g diet) for 6 weeks. The plasma paraoxonase activity was found to be higher in the cinnamate-derivative-supplemented groups than in the control group. The erythrocyte superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activities, plus glutathione (GSH) level, were all significantly higher in the 4-hydroxycinnamate- and HPP-supplemented groups than in the control group. However, both 4-hydroxycinnamate and HPP supplementation significantly lowered the hepatic activities and mRNA expression of CAT and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) compared to the control group. The hepatic mRNA expression and activity of SOD did not differ between the groups. The hepatic thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) level was significantly lowered by the 4-hydroxycinnamate and HPP supplementation. Accordingly, these results indicate that supplementation by 4-hydroxycinnamate and HPP would seem to enhance the antioxidative defense of erythrocyte. Both HPP and 4-hydroxycinnamate would appear to be beneficial in improving the function of antioxidative enzymes on a molecular level in high-cholesterol-fed rats.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2003 · Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology