Publications (66)

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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The EGFR gene and ALK rearrangements are two genetic drivers of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The frequency of EGFR mutations and ALK rearrangement varies according to not only ethnicity but also gender, smoking status and the histological type of NSCLC. In the present study, we demonstrated the distribution of EGFR mutations in 132 NSCLC patients by using a pyrosequencing technique and the distribution of ALK rearrangements in 51 NSCLC patients by using fluorescent in situ hybridization technique in Turkey. Additionally, we compared the clinicopathological data of NSCLC patients with the mutation status of EGFR in their cancerous tissues. Both EGFR mutations and ALK rearrangements were identified in 19 (14.39 %) and 1 (1.96 %) patients, respectively. We found EGFR mutations in codon 861, 719 and 858 with the ratios of 10.52 % (2/19), 10.52 % (2/19) and 31.58 % (6/19), respectively, and deletion of exon 19 in 47.37 % (9/19) of the patients. We found the frequency of EGFR mutations to be significantly higher in female patients and nonsmokers (p = 0.043, p = 0.027, respectively). Consequently, we found EGFR mutations to be more frequent in female patients and nonsmokers. Future studies on larger patient groups would provide more accurate data to exhibit the relationship between EGFR mutations and ALK rearrangements and the clinicopathological status.
    Full-text Article · Dec 2016 · SpringerPlus
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose: The clinical value of HER4 - a cell surface receptor that belongs to the human epidermal growth factor receptor family - for predicting survival outcomes in patients with breast cancer remains controversial. Herein, we sought to investigate the prognostic significance of HER4 immunohistochemical expression with respect to progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in Turkish patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC). Methods: MBC patients (N=45; mean age=50.5 +/- 12.7 years) were consecutively enrolled between 2000 and 2006 in the Department of Oncology at the Uludag University Medical Center, Bursa, Turkey. Immunohistochemistry was performed on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded sections. The predictive value of HER4 expression was investigated by multivariate analysis after allowance for potential confounders. Results: The mean PFS in the study participants was 11.35 months (range:1-50), whereas the median OS was 22.18 months (range:1-76). The mean PFS in patients with a HER4 immunohistochemical score of 0, 1+, 2+, and 3+ was 11.0 +/- 4.8, 11.3 +/- 7.7, 11.7 +/- 8.1, and 10.4 +/- 7.4 months, respectively (p=0.99). The mean OS in patients with a HER4 score of 0, 1+, 2+, and 3+ was 13.3 +/- 6.8, 25.6 +/- 10.8, 22.9 +/- 10.7, and 13.5 +/- 9.9, months, respectively (p=0.44). The results of multivariate Cox regression analysis indicated that the presence of visceral metastases was the only independent prognostic factor for both OS (HR=3.01, 95% CI=1.56-3.99, p <0.01) and PFS (HR=2.91, 95% CI=1.51-3.78, p <0.01). Conclusion: HER4 immunohistochemical expression is not an independent predictor of OS and PFS in Turkish MBC patients.
    Article · May 2016 · Journal of B.U.ON.: official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
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    Erdem Cubukcu · Nilüfer AVCI · Ender KURT · [...] · Türkkan EVRENSEL
    [Show description] [Hide description] DESCRIPTION: Nilüfer AVCI1, Ender KURT1, Esra KAZAK2, Nihan ALKIŞ3, Erdem ÇUBUKÇU1, Ömer Fatih ÖLMEZ1, Adem DELİGÖNÜL1, Türkkan EVRENSEL1
    Full-text Research · Sep 2015
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a group of zinc-dependent peptidases that participate in matrix turnover in solid malignancies. The aim of this study was twofold. First, we sought to investigate under a case-control design the association between the functional -1562C/T polymorphism in the promoter region of MMP-9 and gastric cancer (GC) in a Turkish sample. Second, we examined its prognostic significance in GC patients. A total of 144 subjects were enrolled in the case-control study (79 GC cases and 65 controls). Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) served as the main outcome measures in the longitudinal study. The MMP-9 -1562C/T polymorphism was genotyped using a polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method. The odds ratio (OR) of GC for the CC genotype relative to the CT+TT genotypes was not significant (OR = 0.89, 95 % confidence interval [CI] = 0.44-1.82, P = 0.75). These results did not change after allowance for age and sex in multivariable regression analysis (OR = 0.81, 95 % CI = 0.40-1.94, P = 0.84). When the MMP-9 -1562C/T polymorphism was analyzed among GC patients in relation to OS and PFS, we found no significant differences between subjects with the CC and CT+TT genotypes. In conclusion, the results of our study did not point toward a major role of the MMP-9 -1562C/T polymorphism in the pathogenesis and clinical course of GC in Turkish subjects.
    Full-text Article · Jul 2015 · Pathology & Oncology Research
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose: The presence of a pronounced tumor lymphocytic infiltrate (TLI) is deemed to reflect the presence of an immunoinflammatory response against the tumor and may thus have prognostic significance. We investigated the prognostic value of TLI detected in pathological specimens collected following neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) in patients with breast cancer. Methods: 100 consecutive patients with breast cancer (mean age 47.8±11.4 years) who were scheduled to undergo anthracycline-and/or taxane-containing NACT were enrolled. Specimens collected after NACT were scored with the 4-point Klintrup scoring criteria for the presence of TLI. Results: 60 patients had low-grade TLI and 40 high-grade TLI. Comparison of the patient population according to low-grade vs high-grade TLI revealed statistically significant difference both in terms of disease-free survival (DFS) (log rank-4.28, p<0.05) and overall survival (OS) (log rank=3.96, p<0.05), with high-grade TLI patients showing a better prognosis. Multivariate Cox regression analysis identified postoperative tumor size and low-grade TLI as the two main independent adverse prognostic factors. Conclusion: High-grade TLI may interfer with tumor growth and can represent a favorable prognostic factor in women with breast cancer undergoing NACT.
    Article · Jul 2015 · Journal of B.U.ON.: official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Disseminated intravascular coagulation, acquired hemophilia, and hyperfbrinolysis induced by prostate adenocarcinoma were frst considered in the differential diagnosis of a patient who had been diagnosed with prostate adenocarcinoma and complicated with hemorrhage. Clinical progression and lack of response to other treatments directed us toward the diagnosis of hyperfbri-nolysis and tranexamic acid therapy was initiated. Clinical and laboratory findings resulted in a partial improvement, but the response was insufficient. This situation was associated with metastasis and not initiating the treatment for the primary disease. This case was presented to emphasize the importance of treatment arrangement on the basis of differential diagnosis for hemor-rhagic diathesis occurring in the clinical course of prostate adenocarcinoma.
    Article · May 2015
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The impact of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) on immunohistochemical markers in breast cancer specimens remains controversial. We designed the current study to investigate the potential changes in estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), HER2, and Ki-67 expression before and after NACT in a cohort of Turkish patients with breast cancer. This research was designed as a prospective, observational study of 100 consecutive patients with breast cancer (mean age 47.8±11.4 years) who were scheduled to undergo anthracycline- and/or taxane-containing NACT before attempting cytoreductive surgery at the Department of Oncology of the Uludag University Medical Center, Bursa, Turkey. Immunohistochemistry was performed on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded specimens. Changes in immunohistochemical markers before and after NACT were only significant for HER-2 and Ki- 67. More specifically, the number of HER-2-positive specimens decreased from 21 before NACT to 8 after NACT (p<0.001). Similarly, the number of tumor samples positive for Ki-67 decreased significantly from 65 to 24 after NACT (p<0.001). Mean pre- and post-treatment tumor grades of differentiation before and after NACT were 2.56 ± 0.67 and 2.37±1.07, respectively (p<0.05). We did not find any significant associations between baseline ER, PR, HER2, and Ki-67 expression with both overall survival (OS) and disease- free survival (DFS). Our study suggests that NACT reduces the expression of HER2 and Ki-67 in breast cancer specimens. The significance of NACT-induced changes in the immunohistochemical expression of HER2 and Ki-67 in patients with breast cancer should be further studied in future translational and clinical research.
    Article · Mar 2015 · Journal of B.U.ON.: official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
  • Ender Kurt · Meral Kurt
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a challenging tumor that is characterized by complex nature, and frequently accompanied by an underlying liver disease. In general, traditional systemic chemotherapy plays only a marginal role with no survival benefit in the treatment of advanced HCC. With the increasing understanding of molecular mechanisms involved in the development of the disease, various targets have been identified, and targeted agents have been investigated in many clinical trials. To date, a multitargeted kinase inhibitor sorafenib is the first and only agent that improves the survival of patients with advanced HCC based on the randomized phase III trials. However, the overall prognosis is still poor, despite sorafenib treatment. The aim of this review is to summarize the recent advances in the treatment of advanced HCC.
    Article · Nov 2014 · Political Communication
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aim: In this study, the efficacy and safety of cisplatin and etoposide (PE) combination in the adjuvant treatment of patients with resected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was investigated. Material and Method: We retrospectively evaluated the medical charts of patients receiving adjuvant treatment for NSCLC at our center. Results: Forty-five patients were evaluated. The disease-free survival was 10 (1-114) months and the median overall survival was 18 (3-114) months. Discussion: Based on our limited experience, we concluded that PE regimen is safe and effective as adjuvant therapy for patients with NSCLC.
    Article · Sep 2014
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: Thymomas and thymic carcinomas are rare malignancies and devising clinically effective molecular targeted therapies is a major clinical challenge. The aim of the study was to analyze BLC2 and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) expression and KRAS and EGFR mutational status and to correlate them with the clinical characteristics of patients with thymomas and thymic carcinomas. Materials and methods: A total of 62 patients (mean age: 50.4 ± 13.2 years) with thymomas and thymic carcinomas were enrolled. The expression of BLC2 and VEGFR in tumor cells and normal tissues was evaluated by RT-PCR. The mutational status of the KRAS and EGFR genes was investigated by PCR with sequence specific primers. Results: The BLC2 and VEGFR expression levels did not differ significantly between tumor and normal tissues. Moreover, there were no clearly pathogenic mutations in KRAS or EGFR genes in any tumor. None of the molecular markers were significantly related to clinical outcomes. Conclusions: Changes in levels of expression of BLC2 and VEGFR do not appear to be involved in thymic tumorigenesis. Moreover, our data suggest that KRAS and EGFR mutations do not play a major role in the pathogenesis of thymomas and thymic carcinomas.
    Full-text Article · Apr 2014 · Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP
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    Mustafa Hartavi · Ender Kurt · Barbaros Oral · [...] · Osman Manavoglu
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: Suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS)-1 acts as a key regulator of many cytokine signaling pathways and its abnormal expression has been identified in several human malignancies, suggesting potential roles in carcinogenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate any association between the functional SOCS- 1 -1478CA>del polymorphism and colorectal cancer (CC) as well as age at onset in a Turkish clinical sample. Materials and methods: A total of 122 subjects were enrolled in this case-control study (70 CC cases and 52 controls). The SOCS-1 -1478CA>del polymorphism was genotyped using a polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method. Results: The odds ratio of the del allele for CC relative to the CA allele was not significantly different between the groups (OR=0.71, 95% CI=0.41-1.22, p=0.27). This result did not change after adjustment for age and sex on multivariable regression analysis (OR=0.84, 95% CI=0.59-1.34, p=0.53). When the SOCS-1 -1478CA>del polymorphism was analyzed among CC patients in relation to the age at disease onset, we found no significant differences between subjects with the del/del, CA/del, and CA/CA genotypes. Conclusions: The results of our study did not point towards a major role of the SOCS-1 -1478CA>del polymorphism in the pathogenesis of CC in Turkish subjects.
    Full-text Article · Dec 2013 · Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: Previous reports have shown that human epidermal receptor (HER)-3 overexpression may be associated with poor prognosis in patients with breast cancer, but results have been conflicting. In this study, we sought to investigate the prognostic significance of HER-3 immunohistochemical expression in patients with metastatic breast cancer. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed HER-3 immunohistochemical expression profiles in 45 paraffin-embedded specimens from patients who had been treated between 1996 and 2006 in the Department of Oncology of the Uludag University School of Medicine, Bursa, Turkey. Membranous or cytoplasmic dominant expression patterns of HER-3 were analyzed using the Rajkumar score and a cytoplasmic 4-point scoring system, respectively. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) served as the main outcome measures. Results: The median PFS in the study participants was 9 months (interquartile range: 4.5-13 months), whereas the median OS was 20 months (interquartile range: 7.5-28 months). Categorization of the patient population according to HER-3 positive immunohistochemical expression did not reveal any statistically significant difference in terms of both PFS (p=0.70) and OS (p=0.81). The results of multivariable Cox regression analysis indicated that tumor size was the only independent predictor of PFS, whereas estrogen and progesterone receptor status was independently associated with OS. Conclusions: HER-3 immunohistochemical expression did not correlate with outcomes in Turkish patients with metastatic breast cancer. Although our results suggest that HER-3 expression in cancer specimens is not of prognostic significance, further prospective studies are warranted to confirm these results.
    Full-text Article · Jul 2013 · Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose: To determine the prognostic significance of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), HER2/neu, Ki-67, and nm23 immunohistochemical expression with respect to progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in Turkish patients with invasive breast cancer (IBC). Methods: Patients with IBC (n = 81; mean age = 51.9 ± 11.1 years) were prospectively enrolled at the Department of Oncology, Uludag University Medical Center, Bursa, Turkey. Immunohistochemistry was performed on formalin- fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections. Results: We did not find any significant association between immunohistochemical expression of ER, PR, HER2/ neu, Ki-67, and nm23 and the baseline characteristics of IBC patients. The median patient PFS was 30 months (range 22-45), and the median OS was 32 months (range 23-46). Stratification of the patient population according to nm23 immunohistochemical expression revealed a statistically significant difference in terms of both OS (p < 0.05) and DFS (p < 0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis indicated that tumor grade, axillary lymph node status, and nm23 immunohistochemical expression were the 3 main independent prognostic factors for PFS and OS in IBC patients. Conclusion: Reduced nm23 immunohistochemical expression is an independent negative prognostic factor for OS and PFS. Patients with negative nm23 expression may require a more intensive follow-up.
    Article · Jul 2013 · Journal of B.U.ON.: official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
  • E Kurt · E Cubukcu · B Karabulut · [...] · O Manavoglu
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose: Albeit the majority of gastric cancers occur at advanced age, little is known regarding the optimal systemic treatment of elderly patients with advanced gastric cancer (AGC). Methods: Patients with AGC who were ≥ 65 years old and were treated with carboplatin (area under the curve/AUC 5,on day 1, every 3 weeks) plus docetaxel (75 mg/m(2), on day 1, every 3 weeks) at 3 institutions were included in this retrospective analysis. The efficacy and the safety data of the regimen were analyzed. Results: A total of 30 patients were enrolled. They received 128 cycles of chemotherapy, with a median of 4 cycles (range 2-8). Complete response (CR) and partial response (PR) were observed in 2 (6.7%) and 10 patients (33.3%), respectively, amounting to an overall objective response rate (ORR) of 40%. Seven patients (23.3%) had disease stabilization (SD), and 11 (36.7%) showed disease progression (PD). The most common grade 3-4 toxicity was neutropenia occurring in 19 patients (63.3%). The mean progression-free survival (PFS) was 6.0 ± 0.5 months (95% CI: 5.0-7.4), and the mean overall survival (OS) 12.0 ± 1.0 months (95% CI: 9.2-12.1). Conclusion: Carboplatin plus docetaxel seems to be an active and well-tolerated regimen, representing a valuable alternative to cisplatin- and/or fluoropyrimidine-containing regimens for the treatment of elderly patients with AGC.
    Article · Nov 2012 · Journal of B.U.ON.: official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
  • M. Kurt · E. Yilmaz · B. Aytac · [...] · L. Ozkan
    Article · Nov 2012 · International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: Pulmonary actinomycosis may create a diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma especially in cancer patients. Case report: A 64-year-old male patient presented with a productive cough, bloody sputum, and weight loss. Thoracic computed tomography (CT) showed a 5-cm mass in the upper lobe of the right lung, and a 2-cm mass in the lower lobe of the left lung. Bronchoscopic examination did not show any endobronchial lesions. CT-guided needle biopsy of the right pulmonary lesion showed lung adenocarcinoma. Wholebody positron emission tomography/CT revealed an increase in fluorodeoxyglucose accumulation in the upper lobe of the right lung, in the lower lobe of the left lung, and in the right hilar and paratracheal lymph nodes. Before chemotherapy was initiated, the patient had to be admitted to the hospital because of massive hemoptysis. Bronchoscopic examination indicated persistent bleeding in the left lower lobe bronchus. The patient underwent diagnostic left thoracotomy, and wedge resection of the lower lobe mass. The diagnosis was pulmonary actinomycosis, and the patient received oral amoxicillin. He underwent successful surgery for the primary disease following 6 cycles of chemotherapy. Conclusion: Oncologists should be aware of rare diseases that may affect management approaches in the treatment of cancer.
    Article · Oct 2012 · Onkologie
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    A. Ravaud · C. Barrios · O. Anak · [...] · D. Cesic
    Full-text Conference Paper · Sep 2012
  • T. Evrensel · E. Ulukaya · B. Coskun · [...] · E. Kurt
    Article · Sep 2012 · Journal of Thoracic Oncology
  • Muharrem Bayrak · Omer Fatih Olmez · Ender Kurt · [...] · Osman Manavoglu
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background Overexpression of the gene c-erbB2, which encodes a receptor tyrosine kinase, has been associated with prognosis and response to therapy in several solid tumors. This study was designed to test whether c-erb-B2 overexpression can be related to prognosis of patients with metastatic gastric cancer. Methods Between 2005 and 2010, 46 cases of metastatic gastric cancer were evaluated immunohistochemically for c-erb-B2 overexpression. Overall survival (OS) and time-to-progression (TTP) served as the main outcome measures. Results c-erbB2 was overexpressed in 19 (41.3 %) cases and 8 patients (17.4 %) had a c-erbB2 score of 3+ (a strong complete membrane staining observed in >10 % of the tumor cells). c-erbB2 expression was not associated with the clinicohistological characteristics of the study participants. The mean OS was 11.48 ± 1.03 months, whereas the mean TTP was 8.28 ± 0.8 months. Compared with patients with a score of 2+ or less (n = 38), those with a c-erbB2 score of 3+ (n = 8) had both a significantly lower OS (15.55 ± 1.63 vs. 8.22 ± 0.88 months, respectively, p < 0.05) and TTP (10.72 ± 1.81 vs. 6.11 ± 0.61 months, respectively, p < 0.05). After allowance for potential confounders, Cox regression analysis identified a c-erbB2 score of 3+ as an independent predictor of both OS (hazard ratio = 1.9; 95 % confidence interval = 1.1−3.7, p < 0.05) and TTP (hazard ratio = 1.8; 95 % confidence interval = 1.1−4.1, p < 0.05). Conclusion Our results suggest that c-erbB-2 overexpression may have a prognostic significance in patients with metastatic gastric cancer.
    Article · Aug 2012 · Clinical and Translational Oncology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) have a complex biology which is reflected by a marked clinical heterogeneity. Thus, there has been great interest in identifying prognostic factors influencing tumor recurrence and survival. The aim of this study was to identify potential clinical and immunohistochemical prognostic factors that may affect survival and treatment outcomes in patients with metastatic GISTs. Between 2000 and September 2011, a total of 41 patients with metastatic GISTs (29 males and 12 females; mean age: 57.4±11.8 years; range 29-74) were referred to the Department of Oncology, Uludag University Medical School. Survival analysis for a number of potential prognostic factors was made with the main outcome results of progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS7rpar;. The most common sites of isolated metastases comprised the liver (n=18), followed by lymph nodes (n=5), the omentum (n=1), and the mesothelium (n=1). The remaining patients had metastases at multiple sites. Cox regression analysis identified ileal location as the only significant predictor of poor PFS both after first-line (p=0.023) and second-line therapy (p=0.016). Tumor location in the ileum (p=0.025) and S100 immunoreactivity (p=0.041) were both independent predictors of OS. Tumor site and S100 positivity were the main significant independent predictors of clinical outcomes in patients with metastatic GISTs treated by standard of care.
    Article · Jul 2012 · Journal of B.U.ON.: official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology