[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of present study was to design oxycodone once-a-day controlled-release (CR) tablets and to perform in vitro/in vivo characterizations. Release profiles to achieve desired plasma concentration versus time curves were established by using simulation software and reported pharmacokinetic parameters of the drug. Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) 100,000 mPa·s was used as a release modifier because the polymer was found to be resistant to changes in conditions of the release study, including rotation speed of paddle and ion strength. The burst release of the drug from the CR tablets could be suppressed by applying an additional HPMC layer as a physical barrier. Finally, the oxycodone once-a-day tablet was comprised of two layers, an inert HPMC layer and a CR layer containing drug and HPMC. Commercial products, either 10 mg bis in die (bid [twice a day]) or once-a-day CR tablets (20 mg) were administered to healthy volunteers, and calculated pharmacokinetic parameters indicated bioequivalence of the two different treatments. The findings of the present study emphasize the potential of oxycodone once-a-day CR tablets for improved patient compliance, safety, and efficacy, which could help researchers to develop new CR dosage forms of oxycodone.
Preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Drug Design, Development and Therapy
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to formulate new fixed-dose combination tablets (FCTs) by coating a glimepiride (GLM) immediate-release (IR) layer on a metformin hydrochloride (MTF) extended-release (ER) core tablet using perforated film coating equipment. Composition of GLM-IR coating suspension for homogeneity was studied and application of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIR) to determine the end-point of the coating process was also investigated. The final product was administered to healthy male volunteers and its pharmacokinetic parameters were analyzed. GLM-IR coating suspension was prepared with a ratio of SLS to GLM at 0.75 for homogeneity. An inert mid-layer was introduced to prevent contact between MTF-ER core tablet and GLM-IR layer, which led to an increased release rate of GLM in pH 7.8 medium. The proportional correlation was confirmed between analytical results of GLM determined by NIRS and those by HPLC-UV. Thus, the end-point of the GLM coating process was determined by NIRS, the fast and non-destructive method. New FCTs were confirmed to be bioequivalent to the marketed product.
No preview · Article · Feb 2012 · International Journal of Pharmaceutics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Mucoadhesive polymer-coated pellets containing metformin hydrochloride were prepared by the powder-layering technique using a centrifugal fluidizing (CF)-granulator. Four high-viscosity polymers were applied to make the pellets: 1) hydroxymethylcellulose (HPMC), 2) sodium alginate (Na-Alg), 3) HPMC/Carbopol, and 4) sodium carboxylmethylcellulose (Na-CMC). The physical crushing test, mucoadhesive test, zeta-potential test, in vitro release study and observation of gastroretention state of the dosage form were performed to investigate the pellets. The strong adhesive interaction between the Na-CMC-coated pellets and the mucin disc was obtained by mucoadhesive test. Na-Alg was most effective among the polymers used in changing the value of zeta potential of the mucin solution by the interaction between a polymer and a mucin particle. Results from drug dissolution study showed that over 95% of the drug from all the four pellets was released before 2 h, while Na-CMC- and Na-Alg-coated pellets showed a moderate sustained-release in SGF (simulated gastric fluid) and SIF (simulated intestine fluid), respectively. In conclusion, Na-CMC and Na-Alg seem to be promising candidates for mucoadhesive formulation and further studies to improve the sustained-release property are underway for achieving the ultimate goal of once-a-day formulation of metformin hydrochloride.
No preview · Article · Apr 2009 · Archives of Pharmacal Research