[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy of a low-dose oral contraceptive (OC) containing 100 microg of levonorgestrel (LNG) and 20 microg of ethinyl estradiol (EE) compared with placebo for the treatment of moderate acne.
Multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial.
Outpatient dermatology clinics.
Women (> or =14 years old; n = 350) with normal menstrual cycles and moderate acne were randomized to receive LNG/EE or placebo for six cycles.Intervention(s): Twenty microg of EE and 100 microg of LNG.
Acne lesion counts and clinician global assessment were performed at baseline and at each cycle. Patient self-assessment was carried out at baseline and at cycles 4 and 6; blood pressure and weight were measured at baseline and at cycles 1, 3, and 6.
Inflammatory, noninflammatory, and total lesion counts at cycle 6 with LNG/EE were significantly lower compared to placebo. Patients in the LNG/EE group also had significantly better clinician global and patient self-assessment scores than those in the placebo group at cycle. Changes in weight from baseline were similar between patients in the LNG/EE and placebo groups at all measured time points.
This double-blind, placebo-controlled study demonstrates that a low-dose OC containing 20 microg of EE and 100 microg of LNG is an effective and safe treatment for moderate acne.
No preview · Article · Sep 2001 · Fertility and Sterility
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Changes in body weight and the incidence of estrogen-related side effects with low-dose oral contraceptives (OCs) containing 20 microg ethinyl estradiol (EE) have not been demonstrated in placebo-controlled trials. Two placebo-controlled, randomized trials demonstrated the efficacy of a low-dose OC for the treatment of acne in healthy females (n = 704; >or=14 years old) with regular menstrual cycles and moderate facial acne. Patients were randomized to receive 20 microg EE/100 microg levonorgestrel (LNG) or placebo for six cycles. Body weight was measured at baseline and during Cycles 1, 3, and 6. The occurrence of adverse events was recorded at each visit. Mean changes in weight from baseline were similar with 20 microg EE/100 microg LNG [0.72 kg +/- 2.64 (SD; n = 349)] and placebo [0.56 kg +/- 2.64 (SD; n = 355; p > 0.05)] for the last measured weight of each patient. Rates of headache, nausea, weight gain, and breast pain, side effects commonly attributed to OCs, were also similar between groups (p > 0.05). No serious, unexpected, drug-related adverse events occurred during the study. The low-dose OC containing 20 microg EE/100 microg LNG is safe, well tolerated, and does not cause weight gain.