[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: As the pressure on primate sanctuaries increases as a consequence of habitat destruction and the illegal
pet trade in primates, they are faced with the constant influx of new individuals, and with that, the
responsibility of integrating them into stable social groups and providing them with the lifetime care.
Our main goal in the integration and rehabilitation process is the formation of stable social groups in a
semi-naturalistic setting where chimpanzees have the opportunity to form social bonds and express a wide
array of species appropriate behaviours. Documentation regarding the process of rehabilitating
chimpanzees in a semi-naturalistic setting is scarce in literature. It has been very important in our case to
document and outline the procedures used in all our own chimpanzee associations in order to use them to
develop best practice methodology that can be adapted for use on an individual basis, anytime during the
long-term rehabilitation process. The goal of this communication is to present a review of the methods
used in the rehabilitation process over the last ten years at the Mona sanctuary in Spain. We suggest that
it is possible to use a general rehabilitation protocol as a starting point, adapting it later to the different
needs of each specific case.
18 chimpanzees (14m, 4f) coming from a wide range of backgrounds have been trough rehabilitation
process over the last ten years. 55,5% of them, come from the entertainment industry; 27,7% come from
the pet trade and 16,6% come from zoos.
In our experience, the rehabilitation process from rescue to integration into social groups can be a lengthy
process and although is dependent on many social aspects of the individuals including personality and
background, there are many essential factors in the integration routines for the successful formation of
stable social groups