[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Prior phase II trials have demonstrated the therapeutic activity of cytotoxic chemotherapy in mesothelioma. Currently there are few randomised data assessing the role of chemotherapy versus best supportive care (BSC) in the management of patients with stable symptoms after control of any pleural effusion. A policy of observation is often adopted over initial use of chemotherapy. In this prospective randomised trial we assess the use of early versus delayed cytotoxic therapy. The study opened in 1998, and closed in view of a competing national study (MSO 1) in 2003.
Eligible patients had a performance status<or=2, life expectancy>3 months and had stable symptoms for at least 4 weeks prior to randomisation. Patients were randomised to receive immediate chemotherapy or initial BSC with the addition of chemotherapy at time of symptomatic progression. All patients received the same platinum-based chemotherapy regimen, MVP [mitomycin C 8 mg/m2 cycles 1, 2, 4 and 6, vinblastine 6 mg/m2, maximum 10 mg, and cisplatin 50 mg/m2 (or carboplatin AUC 5)], every 3 weeks for up to six cycles.
A total of 43 patients were recruited, of which 21 were randomised to the early treatment group and 22 to the delayed treatment group. The median ages were 59 years (range 50-78) and 67 years (range 48-75), respectively (P=0.1); other baseline parameters were well matched between the two groups. All 21 patients in the early group received chemotherapy versus 17 patients in the delayed group. Median time to symptomatic progression was 25 weeks in the early group compared with 11 weeks for the delayed group (P=0.1). Median survival was 14 months (1-year survival 66%) for the early group compared with 10 months (1-year survival 36%) for the delayed group (P=0.1). Quality of life was in general better maintained for early treatment and the health resources use was similar in both arms.
In this patient group, presenting with stable symptoms after control of pleural effusion, the early use of chemotherapy provided an extended period of symptom control, and in this small trial a trend to survival advantage.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2006 · Annals of Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Mycobacterial preparations have been used with limited success against cancer apart from superficial bladder cancer. Recently, a therapeutic vaccine derived from Mycobacterium vaccae has been given to patients with prostate cancer and melanoma indicating a possible beneficial effect on disease activity in such patients. We have recently initiated a series of randomized studies to test the feasibility and toxicity of combining a preparation of heat-killed Mycobacterium vaccae (designated SRL172) with a multidrug chemotherapy regimen to treat patients with inoperable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and mesothelioma. 28 evaluable patients with previously untreated symptomatic NSCLC and mesothelioma were randomized to receive either 3 weekly intravenous combination chemotherapy alone, or chemotherapy given with monthly intra-dermal injections of SRL172. Safety and tolerability were scored by common toxicity criteria and efficacy was evaluated by survival of patients and by tumour response assessed by CT scanning. The toxicity of chemotherapy was similar in the two groups. SRL172 caused mild inflammation at the injection site. In the group of patients randomized to receive chemotherapy combined with SRL172, there was a trend towards improved response rate (54% vs. 33%) with more patients in the combined arm receiving radical surgery and radiotherapy, improved median survival (9.7 months vs. 7.5 months) and improved 1 year survival (42% vs. 18%). SRL172 appeared to improve sleep (P = 0.08) and improved appetite (P = 0.01). There was no detectable change in serum cytokine levels for gamma-interferon and TNF-alpha before and after treatment. In patients with NSCLC and mesothelioma, there may be a beneficial interaction when chemotherapy is administered in combination with SRL172. Confirmation of this effect and further investigation is underway in a randomized phase III trial and in laboratory models.
Preview · Article · Nov 2000 · British Journal of Cancer