Bin Tean Teh

National University of Singapore, Tumasik, Singapore

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Publications (409)2754.39 Total impact

  • M-L Nairismägi · J Tan · J Q Lim · S Nagarajan · C C Y Ng · V Rajasegaran · D Huang · W K Lim · Y Laurensia · G C Wijaya · [...] · M Tao · K Tay · M Farid · R Quek · S G Rozen · P Tan · B T Teh · S T Lim · S-Y Tan · C K Ong ·
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    ABSTRACT: Epitheliotropic intestinal T-cell lymphoma (EITL, also known as type II enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma) is an aggressive intestinal disease with poor prognosis and its molecular alterations have not been comprehensively characterized. We aimed to identify actionable easy-to-screen alterations that would allow better diagnostics and/or treatment of this deadly disease. By performing whole-exome sequencing of four EITL tumor-normal pairs, followed by amplicon deep sequencing of 42 tumor samples, frequent alterations of the JAK-STAT and G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling pathways were discovered in a large portion of samples. Specifically, STAT5B was mutated in a remarkable 63% of cases, JAK3 in 35% and GNAI2 in 24%, with the majority occurring at known activating hotspots in key functional domains. Moreover, STAT5B locus carried copy-neutral loss of heterozygosity resulting in the duplication of the mutant copy, suggesting the importance of mutant STAT5B dosage for the development of EITL. Dysregulation of the JAK-STAT and GPCR pathways was also supported by gene expression profiling and further verified in patient tumor samples. In vitro overexpression of GNAI2 mutants led to upregulation of pERK1/2, a member of MEK-ERK pathway. Notably, inhibitors of both JAK-STAT and MEK-ERK pathways effectively reduced viability of patient-derived primary EITL cells, indicating potential therapeutic strategies for this neoplasm with no effective treatment currently available.Leukemia accepted article preview online, 08 February 2016. doi:10.1038/leu.2016.13.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Leukemia: official journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
  • Jing Tan · Patrick Tan · Bin Tean Teh
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    ABSTRACT: Ampullary carcinomas represent a group of heterogeneous tumors that can be histologically divided into two subtypes with distinct pathogenic and clinical characteristics. Yachida et al. (2016) and Gingras et al. (2016) now report the genomic landscape of ampullary carcinoma, providing insights into molecular drivers with clinical implications for diagnosis and therapeutics.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Cancer cell
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    ABSTRACT: Dacomitinib, an irreversible pan-HER inhibitor, had shown modest clinical activity in squamous cell carcinoma of head and neck (SCCHN) patients. Therefore, validated predictive biomarkers are required to identify patients most likely to benefit from this therapeutic option. To characterize the genetic landscape of cisplatin-treated SCCHN genomes and identify potential predictive biomarkers for dacomitinib sensitivity, we performed whole exome sequencing on 18 cisplatin-resistant metastatic SCCHN tumors and their matched germline DNA. Platinum-based chemotherapy elevated the mutation rates of SCCHN compared to chemotherapy-naïve SCCHNs. Cisplatin-treated SCCHN genomes uniquely exhibited a novel mutational signature characterized by C:G to A:T transversions at CCR sequence contexts that may have arisen due to error-prone translesional synthesis. Somatic mutations in REV3L, the gene encoding the catalytic subunit of DNA polymerase ζ involved in translesional synthesis, are significantly enriched in a subset of patients who derived extended clinical benefit to dacomitinib (P = 0.04). Functional assays showed that loss-of-function of REV3L dramatically enhanced the sensitivity of SCCHN cells to dacomitinib by the loss of both translesion synthesis and homologous recombination pathways. Our data suggest that the ‘platinum’ mutational signature and inactivation of REV3L may inform treatment options in patients of recurrent SCCHN.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2016 · Scientific Reports
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    ABSTRACT: Neglected tropical diseases cause substantial morbidity and mortality in animals and people globally. Opisthorchiasis is one such disease, caused by the carcinogenic, Asian liver fluke, Opisthorchis viverrini. This hepatobiliary disease is known to be associated with malignant cancer (cholangiocarcinoma, CCA) and affects millions of people in Asia, including Thailand, Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR) and Cambodia. No vaccine is available, and only one drug (praziquantel) is routinely employed against the parasite. Relatively little is known about the molecular biology of the fluke itself and the disease complex that it causes in humans. With the advent of high-throughput nucleic acid sequencing and bioinformatic technologies, it has now become possible to gain global insights into the molecular biology of parasites. The purpose of this minireview is (i) to discuss recent progress on the genomics of parasitic worms, with an emphasis on the draft genome and transcriptome of O. viverrini; (ii) to use results from an integrated, global analysis of the genomic and transcriptomic data, to explain how we believe that this carcinogenic fluke establishes in the biliary system, how it feeds, survives and protects itself in such a hostile, microaerobic environment within the liver, and to propose how this parasite evades or modulates host attack; and (iii) to indicate some of the challenges, and, more importantly, the exciting opportunities that the ‘omic resources for O. viverrini now provide for a plethora of fundamental and applied research areas. Looking ahead, we hope that this genomic resource stimulates vibrant and productive collaborations within a consortium context, focused on the effective control of opisthorchiasis.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Parasitology International
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Haem oxygenase-1 (HO-1) plays important roles in cytoprotection and tumour growth. Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a deadly malignancy with very poor prognosis. The role of HO-1 in tumour progression in CCA up to now has been relatively unexplored, thus, its possible therapeutic implications in CCA have been investigated here. Materials and methods: HO-1 expression in tumour tissues from 50 CCA patients was determined by immunohistochemical analysis and its association with survival time was evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Its role in CCA cells in vitro was evaluated by transwell and wound healing assays and suppression of HO-1 expression by siRNA. Effects of HO-1 inhibition on gemicitabine (GEM)-mediated tumour suppression was evaluated in nude mice xenografted with CCA cells. Results: HO-1 expression was inversely associated with median overall survival time. Hazard ratio of patients with high HO-1 expression was 2.42 (95% CI: 1.16-5.08) with reference to low expression and HO-1 knock-down expression inhibited transwell cell migration. Suppression of HO-1 by Zn-protoporphyrin (ZnPP) enhanced cytotoxicity to GEM in CCA cells, validated in CCA xenografts. Treatment with GEM and ZnPP almost completely arrested tumour growth, whereas treatment with only a single reagent, retarded it. Tumour inhibition was associated with reduction in expression of Ki-67 and microvascular density, and enhanced p53 and p21 immunohistochemical staining. Conclusion: High HO-1 expression was associated with poor prognosis of CCA. Synergistic role of HO-1 inhibition in chemotherapy of CCA is a promising insight for treatment of this tumour and warrants further investigation.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Cell Proliferation

  • No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Nature
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    ABSTRACT: Background/Aim: Hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell carcinoma (HLRCC) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by fumarate hydratase (FH) gene mutation. It is associated with the development of very aggressive kidney tumors, characterized by early onset and high metastatic potential, and has no effective therapy. The aim of the study was to establish a new preclinical platform for investigating morphogenetic and metabolic features, and alternative therapy of metastatic hereditary papillary renal cell carcinoma type 2 (PRCC2). Materials and Methods: Fresh cells were collected from pleural fluid of a patient with metastatic hereditary PRCC2. Morphogenetic and functional characteristics were evaluated via microscopy, FH gene sequencing analysis, real-time polymerase chaine reaction and enzymatic activity measurement. We performed bioenergetic analysis, gene-expression profiling, and cell viability assay with 19 anti-neoplastic drugs. Results: We established a new in vitro model of hereditary PRCC2 - the NCCFH1 cell line. The cell line possesses a c.1162 delA - p. Thr375fs frameshift mutation in the FH gene. Our findings indicate severe attenuation of oxidative phosphorylation and glucose-dependent growth of NCCFH1 cells that is consistent with the Warburg effect. Furthermore, gene-expression profiling identified that the most prominent molecular features reflected a high level of apoptosis, cell adhesion, and cell signaling. Drug screening revealed a marked sensitivity of FH-/- cells to mitoxantrone, epirubicin, topotecan and a high sensitivity to bortezomib. Conclusion: We demonstrated that the NCCFH1 cell line is a very interesting preclinical model for studying the metabolic features and testing new therapies for hereditary PRCC2, while bortezomib may be a potential efficient therapeutic option.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Anticancer research
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    ABSTRACT: Colorectal cancer with metastases limited to the liver (liver-limited mCRC) is a distinct clinical subset characterized by possible cure with surgery. We performed high-depth sequencing of over 750 cancer-associated genes and copy number profiling in matched primary, metastasis and normal tissues to characterize genomic progression in 18 patients with liver-limited mCRC. High depth Illumina sequencing and use of three different variant callers enable comprehensive and accurate identification of somatic variants down to 2.5% variant allele frequency. We identify a median of 11 somatic single nucleotide variants (SNVs) per tumor. Across patients, a median of 79.3% of somatic SNVs present in the primary are present in the metastasis and 81.7% of all alterations present in the metastasis are present in the primary. Private alterations are found at lower allele frequencies; a different mutational signature characterized shared and private variants, suggesting distinct mutational processes. Using B-allele frequencies of heterozygous germline SNPs and copy number profiling, we find that broad regions of allelic imbalance and focal copy number changes, respectively, are generally shared between the primary tumor and metastasis. Our analyses point to high genomic concordance of primary tumor and metastasis, with a thick common trunk and smaller genomic branches in general support of the linear progression model in most patients with liver-limited mCRC. More extensive studies are warranted to further characterize genomic progression in this important clinical population.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015 · Genome Biology
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    ABSTRACT: Aristolochic acid (AA) is a natural compound found in many plants of the Aristolochia genus, and these plants are widely used in traditional medicines for numerous conditions and for weight loss. Previous work has connected AA-mutagenesis to upper-tract urothelial cell carcinomas and hepatocellular carcinomas. We hypothesize that AA may also contribute to bladder cancer. Here, we investigated the involvement of AA-mutagenesis in bladder cancer by sequencing bladder tumor genomes from two patients with known exposure to AA. After detecting strong mutational signatures of AA exposure in these tumors, we exome-sequenced and analyzed an additional 11 bladder tumors and analyzed publicly available somatic mutation data from a further 336 bladder tumors. The somatic mutations in the bladder tumors from the two patients with known AA exposure showed overwhelming AA signatures. We also detected evidence of AA exposure in 1 out of 11 bladder tumors from Singapore and in 3 out of 99 bladder tumors from China. In addition, 1 out of 194 bladder tumors from North America showed a pattern of mutations that might have resulted from exposure to an unknown mutagen with a heretofore undescribed pattern of A > T mutations. Besides the signature of AA exposure, the bladder tumors also showed the CpG > TpG and activated-APOBEC signatures, which have been previously reported in bladder cancer. This study demonstrates the utility of inferring mutagenic exposures from somatic mutation spectra. Moreover, AA exposure in bladder cancer appears to be more pervasive in the East, where traditional herbal medicine is more widely used. More broadly, our results suggest that AA exposure is more extensive than previously thought both in terms of populations at risk and in terms of types of cancers involved. This appears to be an important public health issue that should be addressed by further investigation and by primary prevention through regulation and education. In addition to opportunities for primary prevention, knowledge of AA exposure would provide opportunities for secondary prevention in the form of intensified screening of patients with known or suspected AA exposure.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015 · Genome Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Breast fibroepithelial tumors comprise a heterogeneous spectrum of pathological entities, from benign fibroadenomas to malignant phyllodes tumors. Although MED12 mutations have been frequently found in fibroadenomas and phyllodes tumors, the landscapes of genetic alterations across the fibroepithelial tumor spectrum remain unclear. Here, by performing exome sequencing of 22 phyllodes tumors followed by targeted sequencing of 100 breast fibroepithelial tumors, we observed three distinct somatic mutation patterns. First, we frequently observed MED12 and RARA mutations in both fibroadenomas and phyllodes tumors, emphasizing the importance of these mutations in fibroepithelial tumorigenesis. Second, phyllodes tumors exhibited mutations in FLNA, SETD2 and KMT2D, suggesting a role in driving phyllodes tumor development. Third, borderline and malignant phyllodes tumors harbored additional mutations in cancer-associated genes. RARA mutations exhibited clustering in the portion of the gene encoding the ligand-binding domain, functionally suppressed RARA-mediated transcriptional activation and enhanced RARA interactions with transcriptional co-repressors. This study provides insights into the molecular pathogenesis of breast fibroepithelial tumors, with potential clinical implications.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Nature Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: Deficiency of tumor suppressor FLCN leads to the activation of the mTOR signaling pathway in human BHD-associated renal cell carcinomas (RCC). We have previously developed a renal distal tubule-collecting duct-Henle's loop-specific Flcn knockout (KO) mouse model (Flcnflox/flox/Ksp-Cre). This mouse model can only survive for three weeks after birth due to the development of polycystic kidney and uremia. Whether these cystic solid hyperplasia changes seen in those KO mice are tumorigenic or malignant is unknown. In this study, we demonstrated that genetic disruption of Flcn in mouse kidney distal tubule cells could lead to tumorigenic transformation of these cells to develop allograft tumors with an aggressive histologic phenotype. Consistent with previous reports, we showed that the mTOR pathway plays an important role in the growth of these Flcn-deficient allograft and human UOK 257-1 xenograft tumors. We further demonstrated that the mTOR inhibitor, sirolimus, suppresses the tumor's growth, suggesting that mTOR inhibitors might be effective in control of FLCN-deficient RCC, especially in BHD renal tumorigenesis.
    Preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Oncotarget
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Carcinoma of the oral tongue (OTSCC) is the most common malignancy of the oral cavity, characterized by frequent recurrence and poor survival. The last three decades has witnessed a change in the OTSCC epidemiological profile, with increasing incidence in younger patients, females and never-smokers. Here, we sought to characterize the OTSCC genomic landscape and to determine factors that may delineate the genetic basis of this disease, inform prognosis and identify targets for therapeutic intervention. Methods: Seventy-eight cases were subjected to whole-exome (n = 18) and targeted deep sequencing (n = 60). Results: While the most common mutation was in TP53, the OTSCC genetic landscape differed from previously described cohorts of patients with head and neck tumors: OTSCCs demonstrated frequent mutations in DST and RNF213, while alterations in CDKN2A and NOTCH1 were significantly less frequent. Despite a lack of previously reported NOTCH1 mutations, integrated analysis showed enrichments of alterations affecting Notch signaling in OTSCC. Importantly, these Notch pathway alterations were prognostic on multivariate analyses. A high proportion of OTSCCs also presented with alterations in drug targetable and chromatin remodeling genes. Patients harboring mutations in actionable pathways were more likely to succumb from recurrent disease compared with those who did not, suggesting that the former should be considered for treatment with targeted compounds in future trials. Conclusions: Our study defines the Asian OTSCC mutational landscape, highlighting the key role of Notch signaling in oral tongue tumorigenesis. We also observed somatic mutations in multiple therapeutically relevant genes, which may represent candidate drug targets in this highly lethal tumor type.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2015 · Genome Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: GI stromal tumours (GISTs) are clinically heterogenous exhibiting varying degrees of disease aggressiveness in individual patients. We sought to identify genetic alterations associated with high-risk GIST, explore their molecular consequences, and test their utility as prognostic markers. Exome sequencing of 18 GISTs was performed (9 patients with high-risk/metastatic and 5 patients with low/intermediate-risk), corresponding to 11 primary and 7 metastatic tumours. Candidate alterations were validated by prevalence screening in an independent patient cohort (n=120). Functional consequences of SETD2 mutations were investigated in primary tissues and cell lines. Transcriptomic profiles for 8 GISTs (4 SETD2 mutated, 4 SETD2 wild type) and DNA methylation profiles for 22 GISTs (10 SETD2 mutated, 12 SETD2 wild type) were analysed. Statistical associations between molecular, clinicopathological factors, and relapse-free survival were determined. High-risk GISTs harboured increased numbers of somatic mutations compared with low-risk GISTs (25.2 mutations/high-risk cases vs 6.8 mutations/low-risk cases; two sample t test p=3.1×10(-5)). Somatic alterations in the SETD2 histone modifier gene occurred in 3 out of 9 high-risk/metastatic cases but no low/intermediate-risk cases. Prevalence screening identified additional SETD2 mutations in 7 out of 80 high-risk/metastatic cases but no low/intermediate-risk cases (n=29). Combined, the frequency of SETD2 mutations was 11.2% (10/89) and 0% (0/34) in high-risk and low-risk GISTs respectively. SETD2 mutant GISTs exhibited decreased H3K36me3 expression while SETD2 silencing promoted DNA damage in GIST-T1 cells. In gastric GISTs, SETD2 mutations were associated with overexpression of HOXC cluster genes and a DNA methylation signature of hypomethylated heterochromatin. Gastric GISTs with SETD2 mutations, or GISTs with hypomethylated heterochromatin, showed significantly shorter relapse-free survival on univariate analysis (log rank p=4.1×10(-5)). Our data suggest that SETD2 is a novel GIST tumour suppressor gene associated with disease progression. Assessing SETD2 genetic status and SETD2-associated epigenomic phenotypes may guide risk stratification and provide insights into mechanisms of GIST clinical aggressiveness. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Gut
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    ABSTRACT: Microsatellite instability (MSI) is a form of hypermutation that occurs in some tumors due to defects in cellular DNA mismatch repair. MSI is characterized by frequent somatic mutations (i.e., cancer-specific mutations) that change the length of simple repeats (e.g., AAAAA…., GATAGATAGATA...). Clinical MSI tests evaluate the lengths of a handful of simple repeat sites, while next-generation sequencing can assay many more sites and offers a much more complete view of their somatic mutation frequencies. Using somatic mutation data from the exomes of a 361-tumor training set, we developed classifiers to determine MSI status based on four machine-learning frameworks. All frameworks had high accuracy, and after choosing one we determined that it had >98% concordance with clinical tests in a separate 163-tumor test set. Furthermore, this classifier retained high concordance even when classifying tumors based on subsets of whole-exome data. We have released a CRAN R package, MSIseq, based on this classifier. MSIseq is faster and simpler to use than software that requires large files of aligned sequenced reads. MSIseq will be useful for genomic studies in which clinical MSI test results are unavailable and for detecting possible misclassifications by clinical tests.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2015 · Scientific Reports
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    ABSTRACT: The blockade of VEGF pathway has been clinically validated as an initial treatment for renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) has been indicated as a key regulator for angiogenesis escape. The effect of a novel bispecific antibody (A2V CrossMab) against both Ang-2 and VEGF was investigated in comparison with either factor. A2V CrossMab significantly reduced tumor volume, vessel density, and interstitial fluid pressure compared to either monotherapy of anti-VEGF or anti-Ang-2. Host-derived angiogenesis-related genes have been significantly down-regulated in A2V CrossMab group. These data demonstrate that A2V CrossMab has additive anti-tumor effect for the treatment of RCC.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2015 · Cancer Investigation
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    ABSTRACT: The study of kidney cancer pathogenesis and its treatment has been limited by the scarcity of genetically defined animal models. The FLCN gene that codes for the protein folliculin, mutated in Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome, presents a new target for mouse modeling of kidney cancer. Here we developed a kidney-specific knockout model by disrupting the mouse Flcn in the proximal tubules, thus avoiding homozygous embryonic lethality or neonatal mortality, and eliminating the requirement of loss of heterozygosity for tumorigenesis. This knockout develops renal cysts and early onset (6 months) of multiple histological subtypes of renal neoplasms featuring high tumor penetrance. Although the majority of the tumors were chromophobe renal cell carcinomas in affected mice under 1 year of age, papillary renal cell carcinomas predominated in the kidneys of older knockout mice. This renal neoplasia from cystic hyperplasia at 4 months to high-grade renal tumors by 16 months represented the progression of tumorigenesis. The mTOR and TGF-β signalings were upregulated in Flcn-deficient tumors, and these two activated pathways may synergetically cause renal tumorigenesis. Treatment of knockout mice with the mTOR inhibitor rapamycin for 10 months led to the suppression of tumor growth. Thus, our model recapitulates human Birt-Hogg-Dubé kidney tumorigenesis, provides a valuable tool for further study of Flcn-deficient renal tumorigenesis, and tests new drugs/approaches to their treatment.Kidney International advance online publication, 17 June 2015; doi:10.1038/ki.2015.177.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2015 · Kidney International
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    ABSTRACT: Mutations in SETD2, a histone H3 lysine trimethyltransferase, have been identified in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC); however it is unclear if loss of SETD2 function alters the genomic distribution of histone 3 lysine 36 trimethylation (H3K36me3) in ccRCC. Furthermore, published epigenomic profiles are not specific to H3K36me3 or metastatic tumors. To determine if progressive SETD2 and H3K36me3 dysregulation occurs in metastatic tumors, H3K36me3, SETD2 copy number (CN) or SETD2 mRNA abundance was assessed in two independent cohorts: metastatic ccRCC (n=71) and the Cancer Genome Atlas Kidney Renal Clear Cell Carcinoma data set (n=413). Although SETD2 CN loss occurs with high frequency (>90%), H3K36me3 is not significantly impacted by monoallelic loss of SETD2. H3K36me3-positive nuclei were reduced an average of ~20% in primary ccRCC (90% positive nuclei in uninvolved vs 70% positive nuclei in ccRCC) and reduced by ~60% in metastases (90% positive in uninvolved kidney vs 30% positive in metastases) (P<0.001). To define a kidney-specific H3K36me3 profile, we generated genome-wide H3K36me3 profiles from four cytoreductive nephrectomies and SETD2 isogenic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) cell lines using chromatin immunoprecipitation coupled with high-throughput DNA sequencing and RNA sequencing. SETD2 loss of methyltransferase activity leads to regional alterations of H3K36me3 associated with aberrant RNA splicing in a SETD2 mutant RCC and SETD2 knockout cell line. These data suggest that during progression of ccRCC, a decline in H3K36me3 is observed in distant metastases, and regional H3K36me3 alterations influence alternative splicing in ccRCC.Oncogene advance online publication, 22 June 2015; doi:10.1038/onc.2015.221.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2015 · Oncogene
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the frequency of MED12 mutations in a series of 112 breast phyllodes tumours, and to correlate the findings with clinicopathological parameters and survival outcomes. Phyllodes tumours from the Department of Pathology, Singapore General Hospital, were classified into benign, borderline and malignant categories. Genomic DNA from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded phyllodes tumours was extracted, purified and subjected to ultra-deep-targeted amplicon sequencing across exon 2 of the MED12 gene. Sequencing was performed on the Illumina MiSeq next-generation sequencing platform and bioinformatics analysis applied. Appropriate statistical analyses were carried out. There were 66 benign, 32 borderline and 14 malignant tumours, with 43 (65.1%), 21 (65.6%) and 6 (42.8%) disclosing MED12 mutations (missense, splice site, indel), respectively. For 97 cases with available follow-up, there were 10 (10.3%) recurrences. Patients with phyllodes tumours that harboured MED12 mutations experienced improved disease-free survivals, with higher recurrence likelihood in those without MED12 mutations (HR 9.99, 95% CIs 1.55 to 64.42, p=0.015). Similar to fibroadenomas, phyllodes tumours show a high frequency of MED12 mutations, affirming the close biological relationship between these fibroepithelial neoplasms. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.
    Full-text · Article · May 2015 · Journal of Clinical Pathology
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    ABSTRACT: Many cases of familial renal cell carcinoma (RCC) remain unexplained by mutations in the known predisposing genes or shared environmental factors. There are therefore additional, still unidentified genes involved in familial RCC. PBRM1 is a tumour suppressor gene and somatic mutations are found in 30-45% of sporadic clear cell (cc) RCC. We selected 35 unrelated patients with unexplained personal history of ccRCC and at least one affected first-degree relative, and sequenced the PBRM1 gene. A germline frameshift mutation (c.3998_4005del [p.Asp1333Glyfs]) was found in one patient. The patient's mother, his sister and one niece also had ccRCC. The mutation co-segregated with the disease as the three affected relatives were carriers, while an unaffected sister was not, according with autosomal-dominant transmission. Somatic studies supported these findings, as we observed both loss of heterozygosity for the mutation and loss of protein expression in renal tumours. We show for the first time that an inherited mutation in PBRM1 predisposes to RCC. International studies are necessary to estimate the contribution of PBRM1 to RCC susceptibility, estimate penetrance and then integrate the gene into routine clinical practice. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Journal of Medical Genetics
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    Jindong Chen · Shuhui Si · Xueying Li · Yan Li · Susan Schoen · Bin Tean Teh · Guan Wu

    Preview · Article · Apr 2015 · The Journal of Urology

Publication Stats

17k Citations
2,754.39 Total Impact Points

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Institutions

  • 2015
    • National University of Singapore
      Tumasik, Singapore
  • 2011-2015
    • Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School Singapore
      Tumasik, Singapore
  • 2010-2015
    • National Cancer Centre Singapore
      • • Department of Medical Sciences
      • • Department of Medical Oncology
      Singapore
  • 2000-2015
    • Van Andel Research Institute
      Grand Rapids, Michigan, United States
    • Karolinska Institutet
      Сольна, Stockholm, Sweden
  • 2013-2014
    • Duke University
      Durham, North Carolina, United States
  • 2009
    • Johns Hopkins Medicine
      Baltimore, Maryland, United States
    • Roswell Park Cancer Institute
      • Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology
      Buffalo, New York, United States
  • 2007
    • Northwestern Memorial Hospital
      Chicago, Illinois, United States
  • 2006
    • Sun Yat-Sen University
      Shengcheng, Guangdong, China
  • 2004-2006
    • Northwestern University
      • Department of Pathology
      Evanston, IL, United States
    • Leiden University
      Leyden, South Holland, Netherlands
    • University of Chicago
      • Department of Pathology
      Chicago, IL, United States
    • University of Rochester
      Rochester, New York, United States
    • Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute
      • Cancer Genome Project
      Cambridge, ENG, United Kingdom
  • 2005
    • Johns Hopkins University
      Baltimore, Maryland, United States
    • Sun Yat-Sen University of Medical Sciences
      Shengcheng, Guangdong, China
    • Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam
      Rotterdam, South Holland, Netherlands
  • 2003-2005
    • The University of Tokushima
      Tokusima, Tokushima, Japan
  • 1994-2004
    • Karolinska University Hospital
      • • Department of Surgery
      • • Department of Clinical Genetics
      Tukholma, Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1992-2000
    • University of Tasmania
      Hobart Town, Tasmania, Australia
  • 1999
    • University of Tampere
      Tammerfors, Pirkanmaa, Finland
  • 1991-1998
    • Princess Alexandra Hospital (Queensland Health)
      • • Department of Urology
      • • Division of Surgery
      • • Diabetes and Endocrinology Department
      Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
  • 1995-1996
    • University of Queensland 
      • • Department of Surgery
      • • Department of Medicine
      Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    • Queensland Institute of Medical Research
      Brisbane, Queensland, Australia