B L Slomiany

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Нью-Брансуик, New Jersey, United States

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Publications (504)1179.56 Total impact

  • B. L. Slomiany · A. Slomiany
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    ABSTRACT: Infection of gastric mucosa by H. pylori triggers a pattern of inflammatory responses characterized by the rise in proinflammatory cytokine production, up-regulation in mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade, and the induction in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activation. In this study, we report on the role of MAPK/p38 and Rac1 in the regulation of H. pylori LPS-induced TGF-α ectodomain shedding and EGFR transactivation. We show that stimulation of gastric mucosal cells with the LPS, reflected in p38 phosphorylation, guanine nucleotide exchange factor Dock180 activation and the rise in Rac1-GTP level, is accompanied by the activation of membrane-associated metalloprotease, (TACE) also known as ADAM17, responsible for soluble TGF-α release. Further, we reveal that the LPS-induced TGF-α shedding and EGFR transactivation involves the TACE activation through phosphorylation by p38 that requires Rac1 participation. Moreover, we demonstrate that up-regulation in H. pylori LPS-elicited Rac1-GTP membrane translocation plays a pivotal role in recruitment of the activated p38 to the membrane for TACE activation through phosphorylation on Thr(735). Taken together, our findings provide strong evidence as to the essential function of Rac1 in TACE activation, TGF-α ectodomain shedding, and the EGFR transactivation.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Inflammopharmacology
  • B L Slomiany · A Slomiany
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    ABSTRACT: A small GTPase, Rac1, is recognized as an important modulator of the inflammatory responses to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) by affecting the processes of phospholipase C activation. The activation of Rac1 involves the exchange of GDP for GTP and is catalyzed by the guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs). Here, we report on the gastric mucosal GEF, Dock180, activation in response to H. pylori PS, and the hormone, ghrelin. We show that stimulation of gastric mucosal cells with the LPS leads to up-regulation in Dock180 phosphorylation on Tyr and Ser that is accompanied by a massive rise in Rac1-GTP level, while the effect of ghrelin, manifested by a drop in Dock180 phosphorylation on Ser, is associated with a decrease in Rac1-GTP formation. Furthermore, we demonstrate that phosphorylation on Tyr remains under the control of the Src family protein tyrosine kinases (SFK-PTKs), and is accompanied by Dock180 membrane translocation, while phosphorylation of the membrane-localized Dock180 on Ser represents the stimulatory contribution of protein kinase Cδ (PKCδ) to Dock180 activation. Moreover, we reveal that the interaction between Dock180 and PKCδ is dependent on Dock180 Tyr phosphorylation as well as the activity of PKCδ. Thus, our findings point to the involvement of PKCδ in the LPS-induced up-regulation of Dock180 activation, and suggest the modulatory mechanism of ghrelin influence on the gastric mucosal inflammatory responses to H. pylori.
    No preview · Article · May 2015 · Inflammopharmacology
  • B L Slomiany · A Slomiany
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    ABSTRACT: Membrane recruitment followed by targeted phosphorylation of specific Tyr and Ser residues and the interaction with Rac GTPases are the crucial parts of an elaborate mechanism of PLCγ2 activation essential for its role in linking the specific receptor responses to a variety of hormones and bacterial endotoxins with the intended intracellular targets. Here, we explored the involvement of Rac in mediation of PLCγ2 activation associated with gastric mucosal inflammatory responses to H. pylori LPS and the hormone, ghrelin. We show that stimulation of gastric mucosal cells with the LPS leads to the membrane translocation of Rac1 as well as PLCγ2, while the effect of ghrelin is manifested by elevation in the membrane PLCγ2 activation and suppression in Rac1 translocation. However, blocking the LPS-induced Rac1 translocation, while detrimental to the PLCγ2 activation, has no effect on its membrane translocation. We reveal further that PLCγ2, localized in the membrane in association with Rac1 following the LPS stimulation, exhibits a marked increase in phosphorylation on Ser, while the modulatory effect of ghrelin, manifested by a drop in Rac1 translocation, is associated with a distinct decrease in PLCγ2 phosphorylation on Ser. Thus, the results suggest that H. pylori-elicited increase in gastric mucosal PLCγ2 phosphorylation on Ser serves as an essential platform for Rac1 colocalization and amplification in PLCγ2 activation.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Inflammopharmacology
  • Bronislaw L. Slomiany · Amalia Slomiany

    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Journal of Biosciences and Medicines
  • Bronislaw L. Slomiany · Amalia Slomiany

    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Journal of Biosciences and Medicines
  • B L Slomiany · A Slomiany
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    ABSTRACT: Phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C (PLC) enzymes are crucial elements of signal transduction pathways that provide a common link of communication integrating specific receptor responses to a variety of hormones, growth factors, and bacterial endotoxins with the intended intracellular targets. Here, we examined the involvement of PLC in modulation of gastric mucosal inflammatory responses to Helicobacter pylori LPS by peptide hormone, ghrelin. We show that stimulation of gastric mucosal cells with the LPS leads to the activation and membrane translocation of the γ2 isoform of PLC, phosphorylated on Tyr as well as Ser, while the effect of ghrelin is reflected in the translocation and phosphorylation of membrane-associated PLCγ2 on Tyr mainly. Moreover, we demonstrate that PLCγ2 phosphorylation on Tyr remains under the control of the Src family protein tyrosine kinases (SFK-PTKs), and is intimately linked to PLCγ2 membrane localization, while the LPS-induced phosphorylation of membrane-recruited PLCγ2 on Ser displays dependence on protein kinase Cδ (PKCδ) and leads to the amplification in PLCγ2 activation. Thus, our findings link the extent of H. pylori-elicited gastric mucosal inflammatory involvement to the PKCδ-mediated amplification in PLCγ2 activation through phosphorylation on Ser.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2014 · Inflammopharmacology
  • B. L. Slomiany · A. Slomiany
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    ABSTRACT: A peptide hormone, ghrelin, is recognized as an important modulator of gastric mucosal inflammatory responses to Helicobacter pylori through the regulation of Src/Akt-dependent activation of constitutive nitric oxide synthase (cNOS) by phosphorylation. In this study, we report on the role of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) in the processes of Src/Akt activation in gastric mucosal cells exposed to H. pylori LPS. We demonstrate that cNOS activation through phosphorylation induced by ghrelin is associated with PI3K activation which occurs upstream of cSrc, and that PI3K is required for cSrc activation of Akt. We show further that ghrelin-induced activation of PI3K, as well as that of Src and Akt, was susceptible to suppression by the inhibitors of phospholipase C (U73122) and protein kinase C (BIM). Both these inhibitors also blocked the ghrelin-induced membrane translocation of PI3K and cSrc, whereas the inhibitor of PI3K (LY294002) blocked only the membrane translocation of cSrc. Collectively, our findings suggest that the modulatory influence of ghrelin in countering gastric mucosal responses to H. pylori LPS relies on PI3K activation that depends on PLC/PKC signaling pathway, and that PI3K activity is required for the induction of cSrc/Akt activation.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Inflammopharmacology
  • B L Slomiany · A Slomiany
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    ABSTRACT: A peptide hormone, ghrelin, plays a key role in modulation of gastric mucosal inflammatory responses to Helicobacter pylori by controlling the activation of constitutive nitric oxide synthase via Src/Akt-dependent phosphorylation that requires phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) participation. Here, we examined the relationship among PI3K; its upstream effector, protein kinase C (PKC); and cSrc. We show that stimulation of gastric mucosal cells with H. pylori LPS leads to the activation and membrane translocation of Ser-phosphorylated PKCδ, while the effect of ghrelin is reflected in the phosphorylation of membrane-associated PKCδ on Tyr. Further, we demonstrate that in response to the LPS-induced PKCδ activation both PI3K and Src show a marked increase in their Ser phosphorylation, while the effect of ghrelin is manifested in the phosphorylation of PI3K and cSrc at Tyr. Moreover, whereas Tyr phosphorylation of PKCδ exhibited susceptibility to cSrc inhibitor (PP2), the inhibitor of PKC (GF109203X) but not that of cSrc (PP2) blocked the Tyr phosphorylation of PI3K, while ghrelin-induced cSrc phosphorylation at Tyr was subject to inhibition by the inhibitors of PKC and PI3K. Thus, our findings stipulate the prerequisite of PKCδ in the activation of PI3K as well as cSrc, and imply that PI3K activation provides an essential platform for ghrelin-induced cSrc activation through autophosphorylation at Tyr(416). We also reveal that ghrelin-elicited up-regulation in PKCδ activation by Tyr phosphorylation shows dependence on cSrc activity.
    No preview · Article · May 2014 · Inflammopharmacology
  • Bronislaw L. Slomiany · Amalia Slomiany

    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Journal of Biosciences and Medicines
  • Amalia Slomiany · Bronislaw L. Slomiany

    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Advances in Biological Chemistry
  • B L Slomiany · A Slomiany
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    ABSTRACT: Among the key factors defining the extent of gastric mucosal inflammatory involvement in response to Helicobacter pylori is the excessive generation of prostaglandin (PGE2) and nitric oxide (NO), caused by the overexpression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and triggered by the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/c-Jun N-terminal kinase, p38 and ERK, and nuclear translocation of the cognate transcription factors. In this study, we report on the role of MAPK/ERK in the regulation of H. pylori LPS-induced gastric mucosal expression of COX-2 and iNOS. We show that ERK activation by the LPS leads to phosphorylation of the inhibitory κB kinase-β (IKK-β) and cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2), and is reflected in the upsurge in NF-κB nuclear translocation, induction in COX-2 and iNOS expression, and up-regulation in cPLA2 activity. The modulatory effect of peptide hormone, ghrelin, on the LPS-induced changes, although associated with further enhancement in ERK, IKK-β, and cPLA2 phosphorylation, was reflected in the suppression of IKK-β and cPLA2 activity through S-nitrosylation. While the effect of ghrelin on S-nitrosylation was susceptible to suppression by the inhibitors of Src/Akt pathway, the inhibition of ERK activation caused the blockage in IKK-β and cPLA2 phosphorylation as well as S-nitrosylation. Taken together, our data show that H. pylori-induced ERK activation plays a critical role in up-regulation of gastric mucosal PGE2 and NO generation at the level of IKK-β and cPLA2 activation, and that ghrelin counters these proinflammatory consequences of the LPS through Src/Akt-dependent S-nitrosylation.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2013 · Inflammopharmacology
  • BL Slomiany · A Slomiany

    No preview · Article · Apr 2013
  • Amalia Slomiany · Bronislaw L. Slomiany

    No preview · Article · Jan 2013 · Advances in Biological Chemistry
  • B L Slomiany · A Slomiany
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    ABSTRACT: A peptide hormone, ghrelin, plays an important role in modulation of gastric mucosal inflammatory responses to Helicobacter pylori infection by controlling the cross-talk between nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and cyclooxygenase (COX) enzyme systems. In this study, we report that H. pylori LPS-elicited induction in gastric mucosal COX-2 and inducible (i) iNOS protein expression, and the impairment in constitutive (c) cNOS phosphorylation, was associated with mitogen-activated protein kinase, c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), extracellular signal-regulated kinase and p38 activation, and occurred with the involvement of transcription factors, CCATT/enhancer-binding protein (C/EBP) δ, cAMP response element-binding protein, activator protein-1 (AP-1), and NF-κB. The modulatory effect of ghrelin on the LPS-induced changes was manifested in the inhibition of nuclear translocation of p65 NF-κB and C/EBPδ, and suppression in AP-1 activation, and the inhibition in phosphorylation of JNK and p38, as well as their respective downstream targets, c-Jun and ATF-2. However, only the inhibition of p38-mediated ATF-2 phosphorylation was reflected in the reduced expression of COX-2 protein. Further, the effect of ghrelin of the LPS-induced changes was reflected in the increase in Src/Akt-dependent cNOS activation through phosphorylation and the inhibition of cNOS-mediated IKK-β S-nitrosylation. Our findings indicate ghrelin counters the proinflammatory consequences of H. pylori by interfering with the p38/ATF-2-induced AP-1 activation in association with concurrent up-regulation in Src/Akt-dependent cNOS phosphorylation.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · Inflammopharmacology
  • Source
    Amalia Slomiany · Bronislaw L Slomiany
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    ABSTRACT: Phosphatidylglycerol (PG) an important membrane phospholipid required for the synthesis of diphos-phatidylglycerol (DPG) commonly known as cardi-olipin (CL) was identified in the fraction of endo-plasmic reticulum (ER)-derived transport vesicles which had no affinity for Golgi. The vesicles were produced in the presence of Brefeldin A (BFA), the agent known to inhibit ER-Golgi transport, and found to display affinity to mitochondria. The analy-sis revealed that their cargo was not containing pro-teins that are transported to Golgi, and that their membrane was free of phosphatidylinositol (PI) and ceramides (Cer). The incubation of PG-containing transport vesicles with mitochondria afforded incor-poration of their membrane into the Outer Mito-chondrial Membrane (OMM) and formation of lyso-phosphatidylglycerol (LPG). In turn, upon further incubation with fresh transport active cytosol, the mitochondrial LPG was converted to PG. The results of analysis of the OMM, Inner Mitochondrial Mem-brane (IMM) and Inner Mitochondrial Space Com-ponents (IMSC) strongly suggest that PG-containing transport vesicles deliver nuclear DNA translation products to the IMSC and thus facilitate CL synthesis in the IMM. In summary, our studies provide evi-dence that ER-generated PG-enriched transport vesi-cles represent the general pathway for restitution of mitochondrial membranes and the delivery of nuclear DNA translation products that generate CL, and thus sustain the mitochondrial matrix CL-dependent me-tabolic reactions.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2012 · Advances in Biological Chemistry
  • B L Slomiany · A Slomiany
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    ABSTRACT: A peptide hormone, ghrelin, is recognized as an important modulator of gastric mucosal inflammatory responses to H. pylori through the regulation of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) system. As cSrc kinase plays a major role in transduction of signals that regulate the activity of NOS isozyme system, we investigated the influence of H. pylori LPS on the processes associated with Src activation in gastric mucosal cells. The LPS-induced drop in constitutive (c) cNOS activity and up-regulation in inducible (i) iNOS was associated with the suppression in cSrc kinase activity that was reflected in a decrease in its phosphorylation at Tyr⁴¹⁶. Further, the countering effect of ghrelin on the LPS-induced changes in cSrc activity and the extent of its phosphorylation was accompanied by a marked reduction in the activity of iNOS and an increase in cNOS activation through phosphorylation at Ser¹¹⁷⁹. Moreover, the effect of ghrelin on cSrc activation and its Tyr⁴¹⁶ phosphorylation was associated with the kinase S-nitrosylation that was susceptible to the blockage by cNOS inhibition. Our findings suggest that up-regulation in iNOS with H. pylori infection leads to disturbances in cNOS phosphorylation that exerts the detrimental effect on the processes of cSrc activation through cNOS-mediated S-nitrosylation. We also show that ghrelin attenuation of H. pylori-induced gastric mucosal inflammatory responses involves the enhancement in cSrc activation, elicited by the kinase S-nitrosylation and the increase in its phosphorylation at Tyr⁴¹⁶.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2011 · Inflammopharmacology
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    Bronislaw L Slomiany · Amalia Slomiany
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    ABSTRACT: Disturbances in nitric oxide synthase isozyme system and the impairment in salivary mucin synthesis are well-recognized features associated with oral mucosal inflammatory responses to periodontopathic bacterium, P. gingivalis. In this study, using rat sublingual gland acinar cells, we report that P. gingivalis LPS-induced impairment in mucin synthesis and associated suppression in Akt kinase activity were accompanied by a decrease in constitutive nitric oxide synthase (cNOS) activity and an induction in inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression. The LPS effect on Akt inactivation was manifested in the kinase S-nitrosylation and a decrease in its phosphorylation at Ser(473). Further, we demonstrate that a peptide hormone, ghrelin, countered the LPS-induced impairment in mucin synthesis. This effect of ghrelin was reflected in the suppression of iNOS and the increase in Akt activation, associated with the loss in S-nitrosylation and the increase in phosphorylation, as well as cNOS activation through phosphorylation. Our findings suggest that induction in iNOS expression by P. gingivalis-LPS leads to Akt kinase inactivation through S-nitrosylation that detrimentally impacts cNOS activation through phosphorylation as well as mucin synthesis. We also show that the countering effect of ghrelin on P. gingivalis-induced impairment in mucin synthesis is associated with Akt activation through phosphorylation.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2011
  • B L Slomiany · A Slomiany
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    ABSTRACT: Loss of mucus coat integrity and the impairment in its mucin component as well as the disturbance in nitric oxide (NO) generation are well-recognized features of gastric disease associated with H. pylori infection. As ghrelin plays a major role in the regulation of nitric oxide synthase system, we investigated the influence of this hormone on H. pylori LPS-induced interference with gastric mucin synthesis. The results revealed that the LPS-induced impairment in mucin synthesis and accompanied induction in inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression, were associated with the suppression in Akt kinase activity and the impairment in constitutive nitric oxide synthase (cNOS) phosphorylation. The LPS effect on Akt inactivation was manifested in the kinase protein S-nitrosylation and a decrease in its phosphorylation at Ser(473). Further, we show that the countering effect of ghrelin, on the LPS-induced impairment in mucin synthesis was reflected in the suppression of iNOS and the increase in Akt activation, associated with the loss in S-nitrosylation and the increase in phosphorylation, as well as cNOS activation through phosphorylation. Our findings demonstrate that up-regulation in iNOS with H. pylori infection and subsequent Akt kinase inactivation through S-nitrosylation exerts the detrimental effect on the processes dependent on Akt activation, including that of cNOS activation and mucin synthesis. We also show that ghrelin protection against H. pylori-induced impairment in mucin synthesis is intimately linked to the events of Akt activation and reflected in a decrease in the kinase S-nitrosylation and the increase in its phosphorylation.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2011 · Inflammopharmacology
  • Source
    Bronislaw L Slomiany · Amalia Slomiany
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    ABSTRACT: Gastric mucosal inflammatory response to H. pylori and its key virulence factor, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), are characterized by a massive rise in apoptosis and the disturbances in NO signaling pathways. Here, we report that H. pylori LPS-induced enhancement in the mucosal inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) was associated with the suppression in Akt kinase activity and the impairment in constitutive nitric oxide synthase (cNOS) phosphorylation. Further, we demonstrate that the LPS effect on Akt inactivation, manifested in the kinase protein S-nitrosylation and a decrease in its phosphorylation at Ser(473), was susceptible to suppression by iNOS inhibition. Moreover, the countering effect of hormone, ghrelin, on the LPS-induced changes in Akt activity was reflected in the loss in Akt S-nitrosylation and the increase in its phosphorylation at Ser(473), as well as cNOS activation through phosphorylation. Our findings demonstrate that up-regulation in iNOS with H. pylori infection leads to Akt inactivation through S-nitrosylation that exerts the detrimental effect on the processes of cNOS activation through phosphorylation. We also report that ghrelin protection against H. pylori-induced disturbances is manifested in a marked increase in Akt activity and evoked by a decrease in the kinase S-nitrosylation and the increase in its phosphorylation at Ser(473).
    Preview · Article · Jan 2011
  • Source
    Bronislaw L Slomiany · Amalia Slomiany
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    ABSTRACT: Disturbances in nitric oxide synthase (NOS) system and the excessive prostaglandin (PGE 2) generation are well-recognized features of oral mucosal inflam-matory responses to periodontopathic bacterium, P. gingivalis. Employing rat sublingual gland acinar cells, we show that P. gingivalis LPS-induced up-regulation in PGE 2 generation and the enhancement in inducible (i) iNOS activity was associated with COX-2 activa-tion through S-nitrosylation, and accompanied by the suppression in cSrc activity and the impairment in constitutive (c) cNOS phosphorylation. Further, we demonstrate that the countering effect of peptide hor-mone, ghrelin, on the LPS-induced changes was re-flected in the increased cNOS activation through pho-sphorylation, repression in iNOS induction, and the reduction in PGE 2 generation associated with the loss of COX-2 protein S-nitrosylation. Moreover, the ef-fect of ghrelin on cNOS phosphorylation and the LPS-induced COX-2 S-nitrosylation was susceptible to the blockage by cSrc inhibition. Our findings sug-gest that P. gingivalis-induced up-regulation in iNOS leads to COX-2 S-nitrosylation and up-regulation in PGE 2 generation, and that the countering effect of ghrelin is mediated through Src-dependent cNOS ac-tivation that is obligatory for the maintenance of iNOS gene suppression.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology

Publication Stats

8k Citations
1,179.56 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2011-2015
    • Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
      Нью-Брансуик, New Jersey, United States
  • 1971-2006
    • New York Medical College
      • Department of Medicine
      New York City, NY, United States
  • 1990-1999
    • Siena Heights University
      University Heights, Ohio, United States
  • 1992-1997
    • Newark Academy
      Ливингстон, New Jersey, United States
  • 1993
    • Krakow University Hospital
      Cracovia, Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Poland
  • 1983-1985
    • Columbia University
      • Division of Operative Dentistry
      New York, New York, United States
  • 1981
    • metropolitan medical center
      Manila, National Capital Region, Philippines