[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cerebrovascular accidents are commonly due to occlusive or haemorrhagic lesions. The present prospective study was planned to find out role of antithrombin in possible etiopathological process, which might predispose an individual for stroke.
Biological activity of antithrombin III was done by the method as described by Innerfield et al (1976). Immunological estimation of an antithrombin III was done by single radial immunodiffusion by the technique of Mancini et al modified by Fahey and Mckelvey.
The biological and immunological activity of antithrombin III was measured in 98 patient of occlusive and 56 patients of haemorrhagic strokes. Significant depression in biological as well as immunological activity (p<0.001) was observed in occlusive stroke. In haemorrhagic stroke both, biological and immunological activity was increased. In follow up study, there was progressive normalization of both, biological as well as of immunological activity in both group.
Decrease of antithrombin III in occlusive and increase in haemorrhagic stroke indicates that these changes have at least an additive role in the pathogenesis of stroke.
Preview · Article · Mar 2003 · The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hereditary deficiencies of blood coagulation factors usually involve a single protein defect. Herewith we are describing clinical features and laboratory approach for the diagnosis of combined coagulation factor V/VIII deficiency which we encountered in 3 patients from 2 unrelated Hindu families of Varanasi.
No preview · Article · May 2002 · Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Platelet function studies were conducted on 25 parasitologically positive cases of Indian kala-azar and 25 age and sex matched healthy controls. Ninety-two per cent of patients had thrombocytopenia of variable degree; in 44% of patients, platelets were less than 60,000 mm-3. The platelet adhesive index was less than 30% in 70% of patients with kala-azar (normal 31-60%). Platelet aggregation time with ADP and adrenaline was abnormally prolonged compared to the controls. Platelet factor III availability was poor in 40% of cases. There was a fair degree of correlation between platelet adhesiveness and platelet factor III availability in these patients: 50% of patients with poor platelet adhesiveness showed reduced platelet factor III availability.
No preview · Article · Jul 1995 · The Journal of tropical medicine and hygiene
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Forty paediatric cases of A.R.F. (Acute Renal Failure) of various aetiology were included in the study. 60% of patients were less than 4 years of age with male predominance. 80% cases reported to us very late with oligoanuria of more than 24 hours (2-7 days). Diarrhoea, vomiting and fever were other dominant symptoms. Maximum cases were severely anaemic (87.5%) with mean Hb 7.73 +/- 1.9 gm%. 40% cases were of underweight while only one case (2.5%) was of over weight, inspite of volume excess in 40% cases. All 24 cases, who were estimated for serum albumin, found to have marked hypoalbuminemia. Mortality was found to be as high as 65% inspite of effective peritoneal dialysis in all cases. High mortality seems to be due to profound anuria of many days (because of marked delay in reaching the hospital), fever and malnutrition besides other factors as aetiology.
No preview · Article · May 1993 · The Kobe journal of medical sciences
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Danazol, 10 mg/kg/day (maximum 600 mg/day) was given in two divided doses for 14 days in 30 patients with haemophilia-A. Rise in factor-VIII level was observed in all the patients after one week of danazol therapy, irrespective of initial factor-VIII Levels. In haemophiliacs with less than 1% factor VIII level, rise was maximum (3-6 folds); mean factor-VIII level at 7th and 14th day of danazol therapy was 2.3 +/- 0.6% and 4.8 +/- 1.1%, respectively. Only marginal increase in factor-VIII was noted in haemophiliacs with initial factor-VII levels more than 3%. The raised level of factor-VIII persisted after stopping the therapy during the observation period of 2 more weeks, irrespective of initial levels. No adverse effect was observed during or after.
No preview · Article · Feb 1993 · The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Biological and immunological antithrombin III was studied in 26 patients of viral hepatitis including 6 with encephalopathy, and in 11 patients with cirrhosis of liver. There was a significant reduction in both biological and immunological activity of antithrombin III in all the groups of liver disorders studied. There was a good correlation between biological and immunological activity of antithrombin III (P less than 0.05). Further, there was a significant inverse correlation between immunological activity of antithrombin III and SGOT/SGPT (P less than 0.01) as well as serum bilirubin (P less than 0.001), signifying the prognostic value of antithrombin III in hepatitis. Biological activity on the other hand did not show any relation with the hepatic enzymes or bilirubin elevation. The antithrombin III levels appeared to decline in direct proportion to the degree of hepatic necrosis, probably due to reduced synthesis.
No preview · Article · Aug 1991 · The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hemostatic profile (prothrombin time (PT), thrombin time (TT), kaolin cephalin clotting time (KCCT), plasma fibrinogen, serum fibrin/fibrinogen degradation products (FDP) and platelet counts) was examined in 153 neonates with birth anoxia and 86 with sepsis. Remarkable hemostatic alterations occurred in neonates with severe anoxia and sepsis, while those with moderate anoxia exhibited minimal or no change. Vitamin K administration to anoxic babies showed no improvement in the hemostatic profile after 48-72 hours. The hemostatic alterations were presumably due to incipient disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). In spite of the marked coagulation changes, only 3 neonates with sepsis and none of the anoxic newborns presented with clinical bleeding indicating a well balanced hemostatic mechanism.
No preview · Article · Feb 1989 · Indian pediatrics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Disseminated intravascular coagulation in the neonatal period is a secondary process triggered by a primary disease state. It is a disruption in the hemostatic balance of the coagulation and fibrinolytic systems. This results in a contradictory state of hypercoagulability with systemic microthrombi simultaneously occurring with systemic hemorrhage. The clinical manifestations, treatment, and outcome are largely dependent on the primary disease process.
No preview · Article · Dec 1986 · Indian pediatrics