[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: In simultaneous liver-kidney transplantation (SLKT), the liver has been described to protect the kidney from rejection, and acceptable results are possible despite a pretransplant positive crossmatch. At our center, 21 SLKT have been performed since 1993, 2 of them against a positive crossmatch.
In this study we retrospectively analyzed two cases of SLKT after positive pretransplant crossmatch.
Two highly sensitized women (30 and 52 years) with hepatic cirrhosis VHC on hemodialysis after a first KT failure were assessed. Pretransplant panel reactive antibodies (PRA) by complement dependent cytotoxicity NIH (CDC) were 81% and 99% respectively. Both patients received a SLKT. CM was performed at pretransplant and 24 and 48 hours posttransplant by CDC and by flow cytometry with double labeling with CD3-PE and antihuman IgG-FITC. Patients received ATG, cyclosporine, and prednisone therapy.
CM was positive pretransplant by CDC and flow cytometry. At 48 hours, CDC became almost negative (10%-20% mortality) and flow cytometry became negative. One of the patients experienced an episode of acute rejection at 10 days posttransplant that resolved with steroid pulses. Both patients presently have working grafts 26 and 24 months posttransplant (Cr, 1.1 and 1.5 mg/dL; GOT, 34 and 14 IU/L; GTP, 29 and 12 IU/L; GGT, 9 and 66 IU/L).
Our experience suggests that a positive crossmatch is not an absolute contraindication for SLKT. Good graft and patient survival rates are possible even among highly sensitized patients.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Osteoporosis is a frequent complication after renal transplantation. Some workers have shown that bisphosphonates may be effective to prevent and treat corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis in these patients. In this study we report our experience with administration of the biphosphonate alendronate to treat renal transplanted patients with established osteoporosis.
Twelve to 24 months after transplantation (9 women, 5 men) 14 renal transplant patient were treated with alendronate and 12 patients (7 women, 5 men) were untreated. All patients displayed an iPTH <240 pg/mL and a bone mineral density (BMD) t-score <-2.5. All patients received cyclosporine and prednisone therapy. Biochemical measurements, BMD, and X-rays of the lumbar spine were measured during study. Patients in the treatment group received alendronate 10 mg/d (po) and vitamin D plus calcium (800 UI cholecalciferol and 2.5 g of CaCO(3)) per day while those in the control group only received vitamin D plus calcium, at the same dose.
There was no difference in mean age, weight, time after transplantation, or immunosuppression between the treatment and control groups. There were no significant differences in the biochemical parameters during the study period. Over the 1-year study period, patients receiving alendronate displayed a greater increase in BMD. Lumbar spine BMD increased 4.3 +/- 6.1% in the treatment group versus 0.55 +/- 5.30% in controls. Femoral neck BMD increased 10.3 +/- 11.9% and 2.2 +/- 5.7%, respectively, in the treatment and control groups. Patients receiving alendronate frequently experienced intestinal disconfort.
The bisphosphonate alendronate is effective to treat renal transplant patients suffering from established osteporosis.