S Raczek

University of Münster, Muenster, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

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Publications (4)8.52 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The way in which the human epididymis modifies spermatozoa during their sojourn in this structure might be clarified by knowledge of the nature of its secretions. We have examined the presence of several lysosomal hydrolases in human epididymal tissue and fluids, and their synthesis and secretion by monolayer cultures. Tissues were obtained from men undergoing orchidectomy for prostatic carcinoma. The enzymes cathepsin D and acid alpha-glucosidase were localised in the lysosomes of epithelial cells from the corpus epididymidis, by an immunocytochemical technique. Cathepsin D was also found in epithelial cells of the efferent ducts within lysosomes, apical vesicles and multivesicular bodies. No immunolocalisation of acid glucosidase in the efferent ducts or on the microvilli of the corpus was demonstrable. Cathepsin D, beta-hexosaminidase (N-acetylglucosaminidase) and alpha-glucosidase were measurable in the luminal fluid from the human corpus epididymidis; beta-hexosaminidase was secreted into the culture medium by confluent monolayers of epididymal and efferent duct cells. Immunoprecipitation of cell extracts and culture medium of these cultures incubated with 35S-methionine revealed that the precursors of cathepsin D and beta-hexosaminidase were synthesized and secreted by such monolayers. Thus, active lytic enzymes are secreted by the human epididymis and could modify sperm membranes.
    No preview · Article · Jun 1995 · Cell and Tissue Research
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    ABSTRACT: Corpus epididymal and efferent duct epithelial cells on permeable supports formed confluent monolayers that resisted hydrodynamic equilibrium and created electrical resistance. Monolayers were formed sooner and were of better quality when fetal bovine serum (FBS), rather than bovine serum albumin (BSA), was present in glucose-free, rather than glucose-containing, media. Testosterone was converted to androstenedione by both cell types and conversion of both steroids to 5 alpha-reduced metabolites was higher in cells from the corpus epididymidis than from efferent ducts. Addition of heat-treated human spermatocoele fluid (similar to rete testis fluid) to the apical aspects of the cells increased cell heights when they were initially low, but some cytoplasmic damage was observed. New serum-free media (especially those designed for keratinocytes and mammary epithelial cells) could maintain cultured cells at heights found in situ.
    No preview · Article · Aug 1994 · Epithelial cell biology
  • S Raczek · C H Yeung · L Hertle · H Schulze · T G Cooper
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    ABSTRACT: The culture of epithelial cells lining human efferent ducts, obtained from prostatic carcinoma patients, is described. Ciliated cells were observed to beat for at least one month on plastic. On previous filters low cuboidal cells characterized the monolayers. Cells comprising monolayers over the filter were 5 to 9 microns in height whereas taller cells were found over the original fragments (14 microns). Some non-ciliated cells contained dark and light vacuoles, others were found to lack them. Both non-ciliated and ciliated cells maintained tight junctional complexes restricting the paracellular movement of horseradish peroxidase. Both types of cultured cells exhibited fluid-phase and adsorptive endocytosis from both apical and basal surfaces. It is reported for the first time that the monolayers form high resistance barriers (150 omega.cm2) that prevent the apical medium from draining to the basal compartment over 24 h.
    No preview · Article · Jan 1993 · Cell and Tissue Research
  • T G Cooper · S Raczek · C H Yeung · E Schwab · H Schulze · L Hertle
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    ABSTRACT: The fluid composition of five epididymal spermatocoeles, one epididymal cyst and a hydrocoele was examined. The fluid obtained from the spermatocoeles was a dilute suspension of mainly immotile spermatozoa. The sperm-free fluid contained less protein, phosphate, glucose, triglyceride and cholesterol than serum but more testosterone and chloride than peripheral blood. It contained no epididymal secretion products. Proteins in the fluid differed from those in serum. From the fluid composition these cysts appeared to be continuous with the rete testis, either dilatations of efferent ducts or Haller's superior aberrant duct (vas aberrans of the rete testis). Fluid from an epididymal cyst containing no spermatozoa was mainly of similar composition. In contrast, hydrocoele fluid resembles blood serum.
    No preview · Article · Feb 1992 · Urological Research