Silvia Dorn

Mikrogen GmbH, Neuried, Bavaria, Germany

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Publications (5)4.94 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is an emerging foodborne pathogen with domestic and wild pigs (and likely other species such as deer or rabbits) recognized as reservoir. Pathogenesis in pigs usually leads to an asymptomatic course of disease. Since there is no enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit for the detection of anti-HEV antibodies in pigs commercially available, the objective of this study was to assess the seroprevalence in fattening pigs at slaughter and at herd level using a newly developed ELISA based on genotype (GT) 1 and GT 3 in Bavaria, Germany. Based on 516 serum and 198 meat juice samples collected from different herds at four different Bavarian slaughterhouses, the overall seroprevalence of anti-HEV IgG in serum and meat juice samples was 68.6% and 67.6%, respectively. Analyzing the serum for the presence of anti-HEV IgM, 36/516 (7%) were positive for anti-HEV IgM. At herd level, most of the herds were seropositive for anti-HEV antibodies. The present study shows that HEV is widespread among the Bavarian pig population and that some pigs might test positive for anti-HEV IgM even at the age of slaughter. Also, meat juice serves as an equivalent matrix to serum to test for anti-HEV antibodies in pigs.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is the causative agent of an acute self-limiting hepatitis in humans. In industrialized countries, autochthonous cases are linked to zoonotic transmission from domestic pigs, wild boar and red deer. The main route of human infection presumably is consumption of contaminated meat. Farmers, slaughterers and veterinarians are expected to be risk groups as they work close to potentially infected animals. In this study, we tested four Escherichia coli-expressed segments of the capsid protein (CP) of a German wild boar-derived HEV genotype 3 strain for their diagnostic value in an indirect immunoglobulin G (IgG) ELISA. In an initial validation experiment, a carboxy-terminal CP segment spanning amino acid (aa) residues 326-608 outperformed the other segments harbouring aa residues 112-608, 326-660 and 112-335. Based on this segment, an indirect ELISA for detection of anti-HEV IgG antibodies in human sera was established and validated using a commercial line immunoassay as reference assay. A total of 563 sera from forestry workers of all forestry offices of Brandenburg, eastern Germany and 301 sera of blood donors from eastern Germany were surveyed using these assays. The commercial test revealed seroprevalence rates of 11% for blood donors and 18% for forestry workers. These rates are in line with data obtained by the in-house test (12 and 21%). Hence, the in-house test performed strikingly similar to the commercial test (sensitivity 0.9318, specificity 0.9542). An initial screening of forestry worker and blood donor sera with a corresponding CP segment of the recently discovered Norway rat-associated HEV revealed several strong positive sera exclusively in the forestry worker panel. Future investigations have to prove the performance of this novel IgG ELISA in large-scale seroepidemiological studies. In addition, the observed elevated seroprevalence in a forestry worker group has to be confirmed by studies on groups of forestry workers from other regions. The epidemiological role of ratHEV in human disease should be assessed in a large-scale study of risk and non-risk groups.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2011 · Medical Microbiology and Immunology
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    S. Dorn · G. Mohrmann · E. Soutschek · T. Meyer

    Full-text · Conference Paper · Jan 2011
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    F Tewald · M Enders · H Orth · S Dorn · E Soutschek
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    ABSTRACT: In addition to the direct detection methods (normally nucleic acids amplification techniques) for the laboratory diagnostics of chlamydial infections, indirect serological methods like micro-immunofluorescence assay (MIF) and enzyme linked immunoassay (ELISA) are used. Now, also a new line immunoblot assay is available. While MIF is still widely accepted as a gold standard, ELISA and line immunoblot assay gain more and more importance. The objective of this study was the comparison of the diagnostic quality of MIF and line immunoblot assay regarding the detection of IgG and IgA antibodies directed against Chlamydia trachomatis.
    Full-text · Conference Paper · Mar 2007

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