[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective:
To compare the incidence of cardio-cerebral vascular events between pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) women and non-PIH(NPIH) women.
Ambispective cohort study method was used and 4630 pregnant women giving birth during October 1976 to December 2008 in our hospital and participated the healthy examination between July 2006 and October 2007 at Kailuan medical group were included and divided into PIH group (n = 694) and NPIH group (n = 3936) by the history of PIH. Incidence of cardio-cerebral vascular events (myocardial infarction, cerebral infarction and cerebral hemorrhage) was obtained during follow-up. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression models was used to assess the relative risk of cardio-cerebral vascular events.
(1) The follow-up time was 2 to 34 (15.32 ± 7.94) years. (2) The childbearing age, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure before delivery were significantly higher while gestational weeks and weight of newborn were significantly less in PIH group than in NPIH group (all P < 0.01). Levels of systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, waist circumference, body mass index, triglyceride, total cholesterol and fasting blood glucose during healthy examination between July 2006 and October 2007 were significantly higher in PIH group than in NPIH group (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). (3) There were 71 cardio-cerebral vascular events during the follow-up. In PIH group, the incidence rate of cardio-cerebral vascular events, myocardial infarction and cerebral infarction was 20.64%, 11.08% and 8.67%, respectively, while the corresponding incidence rate was 7.82%, 4.02% and 2.67% in NPIH group (all P < 0.01). After adjustment for other traditional cardiovascular risk factors, the risk of total cardio-cerebral vascular events, myocardial infarction and cerebral infarction in PIH group was 2.99 fold (95%CI: 1.80 - 4.95), 3.91 fold (95%CI: 1.71 - 8.91) and 3.96 fold (95%CI: 1.95 - 8.05) higher than in NPIH group.
PIH is an independent risk factor for cardio-cerebral vascular events.
No preview · Article · Aug 2012 · Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases]
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To observe the prevalence and distribution of ideal cardiovascular health behavior.
Health examination data between 2008 to 2009 from the employees of Kailuan Group were analyzed.
A total of 101 333 subjects took part in the health examination, subjects with previous myocardial infarction (n = 871), stroke (n = 2255), myocardial infarction and stroke (n = 162) and subjects with incomplete examination data (n = 9311) were excluded and 88 534 subjects were included for final analysis [mean age (50.6 ± 12.3) years, male 69 916]. (1) Body mass index (BMI), systolic and diastolic pressure, cholesterol (TC) and triglyceride were significantly higher in males than in females (all P < 0.05), women's income and the education lever were significantly higher than men (P < 0.05). (2) The distribution of ideal cardiovascular health behavior (smoking, BMI, physical exercise, salt intake) was 55.8%, 41.4%, 18.9% and 14.0% respectively among the population; the ideal cardiovascular factors (fasting blood glucose, TC, blood pressure) was 80.9%, 61.8% and 18.5%, respectively. (3) The subjects with distribution of seven, six, five, four ideal cardiovascular health behavior and factors was 0.1%, 1.9%, 9.1%, 20.3%, respectively. (4) Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that female, age < 55 and high education level were associated with the ideal cardiovascular health status with a RR value (95%CI) of 4.52 (4.32 - 4.72), 1.46 (1.39 - 1.53) and 2.23 (2.10 - 2.37), respectively.
The prevalence of ideal cardiovascular health is extremely low in the study population, most persons were not in the ideal cardiovascular health behavior and factors and female, age < 55 and high education level are linked with ideal cardiovascular health status.
No preview · Article · Jan 2012 · Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases]
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the predictive value of baseline serum high sensitivity C-reactive protein for the first cardio-cerebral vascular event in the population with diabetes.
In this prospective cohort study, a total of 101 510 employees of Kai Luan Group, who received healthy examination from July 2006 to October 2007, were screened and 7865 subjects with fasting plasma glucose ≥ 7.0 mmol/L or known diabetes mellitus and under insulin or hypoglycemic drugs therapy were followed up for 38 - 53 (48.02 ± 3.14) months.
(1) Incidence rates of total cardio-cerebral vascular events, cerebral infarction and myocardial infarction increased in proportion to increased levels of baseline hsCRP (P < 0.01). After adjusting for age, gender, body mass index (BMI), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and cigarette smoking, multivariate Cox's proportional hazards regression analysis indicated that the individuals in the highest quartile of hsCRP levels group (hsCRP ≥ 2.50 mg/L) had an increased risk of total cardio-cerebral vascular events (RR: 1.64, 95% CI: 1.20 - 2.24), cerebral infarction (RR: 1.52, 95% CI: 1.03 - 2.24), myocardial infarction (RR: 2.57, 95% CI: 1.34 - 4.91) compared with those in the lowest quartile group (hsCRP < 0.41 mg/L). (2) Higher baseline hsCRP levels were associated with aging, female gender, higher BMI, SBP, DBP, fasting blood glucose, TC, TG, LDL-C levels and lower HDL-C levels (all P < 0.05).
Baseline hsCRP level is associated with increased first cardio-cerebral vascular event in the population with diabetes.
No preview · Article · Aug 2011 · Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases]