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ABSTRACT: Moonlighting proteins have two different functions within a single polypeptide chain. Exploring moonlighting enzymes from the environment using the metagenomic approach is interesting. In the present study, a novel β-glucosidase gene, designated as bgl1D, with lipolytic activity (renamed Lip1C) was cloned through function-based screening of a metagenomic library from uncultured soil microorganisms. The deduced amino acid sequence comparison and phylogenetic analysis also indicated that Lip1C and other putative lipases are closely related. Biochemical characterization demonstrated that the maximum activity of the recombinant Lip1C protein occurs at pH 8.0 and 30°C using 4-nitrophenyl butyrate as substrate. The putative lipase had an apparent K(m) value of 0.88 mmol/L, a k(cat) value of 212/min, and a k(cat)/K(m) value of 241 L/mmol/min. Lip1C exhibited habitat-specific characteristics with 5 mmol/L AlCl(3), CuCl(2), and LiCl. The characterization of the biochemical properties of Lip1C enhances our understanding of this novel moonlighting enzyme isolated from a soil metagenome.
Guangxi University for NationalitiesYung-ning, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu, China