Eun Mi Choi

Hallym University, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (76)178.21 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Methylglyoxal (MG) is thought to contribute to the pathogenesis of age- and diabetes-associated complications. In the present study, the effects of glabridin on MG-induced cytotoxicity were investigated using MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells. MC3T3-E1 cells were pre-incubated with glabridin before treatment with MG, and markers of mitochondrial function and oxidative damage were examined. Pretreatment of MC3T3-E1 cells with glabridin prevented MG-induced cell death, the production of intracellular reactive oxygen species and mitochondrial superoxides, cardiolipin peroxidation, and the production of inflammatory cytokines. The soluble form of receptor for advanced glycation end-products (sRAGEs)/RAGE ratio increased upon MG treatment, but less so after pretreatment with glabridin, which also increased the level of reduced glutathione and the activities of glyoxalase I and heme oxygenase-1, all of which were reduced by MG. In addition, glabridin elevated the level of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2. These findings suggest that glabridin protects against MG-induced cell damage by reducing oxidative stress and increasing MG detoxification. Pretreatment with glabridin prior to MG exposure reduced MG-induced mitochondrial dysfunction. Additionally, the nitric oxide level significantly increased upon glabridin pretreatment. Together, these data show that glabridin may potentially serve to prevent the development of diabetic osteopathy associated with MG-induced oxidative stress.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
  • Kwang Sik Suh · Suk Chon · Eun Mi Choi
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    ABSTRACT: Honokiol is an active compound isolated from Magnolia officinalis that has been used without notable side effects in traditional medicine. We investigated the effects of honokiol against methylglyoxal (MG)-induced cytotoxicity in MC3T3-E1 osteoblast cells and the possible molecular mechanism(s) involved. The results showed that honokiol alleviated MG-induced cell death and the production of intracellular ROS, mitochondrial superoxide, cardiolipin peroxidation, and inflammatory cytokines. MG induction of the soluble receptor for advanced glycation end product (AGE) was reduced by pretreatment with honokiol. Furthermore, honokiol increased the levels of Nrf2 and increased the levels of glutathione and the activity of glyoxalase I. Pretreatment with honokiol prior to MG exposure reduced MG-induced mitochondrial dysfunction and alleviated MG-induced reduction of nitric oxide and PGC1α levels, suggesting that honokiol may induce mitochondrial biogenesis. It was concluded that honokiol could be useful in the attenuation of MG-induced cell damage.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Chemico-biological interactions
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    ABSTRACT: Apart from a few case reports, the effectiveness of stellate ganglion block (SGB) as a monotherapy in acute nociceptive pain has not been determined. We aimed to assess the effects of SGB on postoperative pain after arthroscopic shoulder surgery. Randomized, blind, controlled, clinical trial SETTING: University Hospital outpatient METHODS: Forty-six patients undergoing arthroscopic shoulder surgery were assigned randomly to 2 groups: group S included patients who underwent SGB prior to surgery and group C did not. In group S, subfascial ultrasound-guided SGB was conducted with 4 mL of 0.375% levobupivacaine. For the first postoperative 48 hours, postoperative visual analog scale (VAS) and analgesic requirements were compared. The results of 40 patients were included in the study. There was no difference between groups with regards to analgesics requirement for the first postoperative 48 hours and no difference in VAS score (P > 0.05). Small number of patients in study. Preoperative ultrasound-guided SGB did not reduce postoperative acute pain in arthroscopic shoulder surgery. Acute pain, sympathetic nerve block, stellate ganglia.
    No preview · Article · May 2015 · Pain physician
  • Eun Mi Choi · Woon Won Jung · Kwang Sik Suh
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    ABSTRACT: The present study aimed to investigate the protective effect of a non-selective mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-sensitive potassium channel (mito-KATP) opener, pinacidil, on antimycin A-induced oxidative damage in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells. Antimycin A inhibits mitochondrial electron transport by binding to complex III. Osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells were treated with antimycin A in the presence or absence of pinacidil and markers of mitochondrial function and oxidative stress were subsequently examined. The effects of pinacidil on the activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), Akt and cyclic adenosine monophosphate‑responsive element-binding protein (CREB) were also examined. In osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells exposed to antimycin A, pinacidil inhibited antimycin A-induced cell death. The protective effects of pinacidil on cell survival were prevented by the addition of LY294002 (a PI3K inhibitor), an Akt inhibitor or auranofin [a thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) inhibitor], but not by KATP channel inhibitor glibenclamide. Pinacidil inhibited antimycin A-induced inactivation of PI3K and Akt as well as phosphorylation of CREB and TrxR. Furthermore, pinacidil prevented antimycin A-induced mitochondrial superoxide release, mitochondrial membrane potential dissipation, reduced ATP synthesis and intracellular [Ca2+] elevation. In conclusion, these results suggested that pinacidil may rescue osteoblastic cells from antimycin A-induced cellular damage, potentially via antioxidant activity and restoration of mitochondrial function, which are mediated in part by the PI3K/Akt/CREB signaling pathway.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · Molecular Medicine Reports
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    ABSTRACT: Methylglyoxal (MG), a highly reactive metabolite of hyperglycemia, can enhance protein glycation, oxidative stress or inflammation. The present study investigated the effects of apocynin on the mechanisms associated with MG toxicity in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells. Pretreatment of MC3T3-E1 cells with apocynin prevented the MG-induced protein glycation and formation of intracellular reactive oxygen species and mitochondrial superoxide in MC3T3-E1 cells. In addition, apocynin increased glutathione levels and restored the activity of glyoxalase I inhibited by MG. These findings suggest that apocynin provide a protective action against MG-induced cell damage by reducing oxidative stress and by increasing the MG detoxification system. Apocynin treatment decreased the levels of proinflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6 induced by MG. Additionally, the nitric oxide level reduced by MG was significantly increased by apocynin. These findings indicate that apocynin might exert its therapeutic effects via upregulation of glyoxalase system and antioxidant activity. Taken together, apocynin may prove to be an effective treatment for diabetic osteopathy. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Journal of Applied Toxicology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Methylglyoxal (MG) has been suggested to be one major source of intracellular reactive carbonyl compounds. In the present study, the effect of paeoniflorin on MG-induced cytotoxicity was investigated using osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells. Methods: Osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells were pre-incubated with paeoniflorin before treatment with MG, and markers of oxidative damage and mitochondrial function were examined. Results: Pretreatment of MC3T3-E1 cells with paeoniflorin prevented the MG-induced cell death and formation of intracellular reactive oxygen species, cardiolipin peroxidation, and protein adduct in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells. In addition, paeoniflorin increased glutathione level and restored the activity of glyoxalase I to almost the control level. These findings suggest that paeoniflorin provide a protective action against MG-induced cell damage by reducing oxidative stress and by increasing MG detoxification system. Pretreatment with paeoniflorin prior to MG exposure reduced MG-induced mitochondrial dysfunction by preventing mitochondrial membrane potential dissipation and adenosine triphosphate loss. Additionally, the nitric oxide and nuclear respiratory factor 1 levels were significantly increased by paeoniflorin, suggesting that paeoniflorin may induce mitochondrial biogenesis. Paeoniflorin treatment decreased the levels of proinflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α and IL-6. Conclusions: These findings indicate that paeoniflorin might exert its therapeutic effects via upregulation of glyoxalase system and mitochondrial function. Taken together, paeoniflorin may prove to be an effective treatment for diabeteic osteopathy.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Phytomedicine: international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology
  • Eun Mi Choi · Kwang Sik Suh · Young Soon Lee
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the protective effect of liquiritigenin, one of the flavonoids present in Glycyrrhizae radix, against antimycin A-induced mitochondrial dysfunction in MC3T3-E1 osteoblast cells. Osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells were pre-incubated with liquiritigenin before treatment with antimycin A, and markers of mitochondrial function and oxidative damage were examined. In addition, the effects of liquiritigenin on the activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) were examined in MC3T3-E1 cells. Liquiritigenin protected MC3T3-E1 cells from antimycin A-induced cell death. However, the PI3K inhibitor, LY294002, significantly attenuated liquiritigenin-mediated cell survival, indicating the involvement of PI3K in the cytoprotective effect of liquiritigenin. Pretreatment with liquiritigenin prior to antimycin A exposure significantly reduced antimycin A-induced PI3K inactivation, mitochondrial membrane potential dissipation, complex IV inactivation, and ATP loss. Liquiritigenin also reduced mitochondrial superoxide generation, nitrotyrosine production, and cardiolipin peroxidation during mitochondrial complex inhibition with antimycin A. Taken together, the results of this study show that modulation of PI3K, antioxidant effects, and the attenuation of mitochondrial dysfunction by liquiritigenin represent an important mechanism for its protection of osteoblasts against cytotoxicity resulting from mitochondrial oxidative stress. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Phytotherapy Research
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    ABSTRACT: Methylglyoxal (MG), a reactive dicarbonyl compound, is a metabolic byproduct of glycolysis and elevated MG levels contribute to diabetic complications. Glycation reactions of MG with amino acids can induce oxidative stress, leading to subsequent cytotoxicity. In the present study, the effect of liquiritigenin on MG-induced cytotoxicity was investigated using osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells. Pretreatment of MC3T3-E1 cells with liquiritigenin prevented the MG-induced cell death and production of protein adduct, intracellular reactive oxygen species, mitochondrial superoxide, cardiolipin peroxidation, and TNF-α in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells. In addition, liquiritigenin increased the activity of glyoxalase I inhibited by MG. These findings suggest that liquiritigenin provides a protective action against MG-induced cell damage by reducing oxidative stress and by increasing MG detoxification. Pretreatment with liquiritigenin prior to MG exposure reduced MG-induced mitochondrial dysfunction by preventing mitochondrial membrane potential dissipation and adenosine triphosphate loss. Additionally, the nitric oxide and PGC-1α levels were significantly increased by liquiritigenin, suggesting that liquiritigenin may induce mitochondrial biogenesis. Our findings indicate that liquiritigenin might exert its therapeutic effects via enhancement of glyoxalase I activity and mitochondrial function, and anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. Taken together, liquiritigenin has potential as a preventive agent against the development of diabetic osteopathy related to MG-induced oxidative stress in diabetes.
    No preview · Article · May 2014
  • Young Soon Lee · Eun Mi Choi
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Actein, isolated from black cohosh, was subjected to in vitro experiments to investigate its functional bioactivities in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells. Actein caused a significant elevation of alkaline phosphatase activity, collagen synthesis, osteocalcin production, mineralization, and glutathione content in the cells, suggesting that actein has a stimulatory effect on osteoblastic bone formation or has potential activity against osteoporosis. We investigated the protective effects of actein on mitochondrial electron transport inhibitor, antimycin A induced toxicity in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells. Exposure of MC3T3-E1 cells to antimycin A caused significant decrease in cell viability and mineralization. However, pretreatment with actein prior to antimycin A exposure significantly reduced antimycin A-induced cell damage by preventing mitochondrial membrane potential dissipation, complex IV inactivation, cardiolipin oxidation, ROS release, and nitrotyrosine increase, suggesting that actein may be useful for protecting mitochondria against a burst of oxidative stress. In addition, actein increased the phosphorylation of CREB (cAMP-response element-binding protein) inhibited by antimycin A and decreased the production of TNF-α induced by antimycin A. These findings suggest that actein could prevent oxidative damage to osteoblasts in osteoporotic patients.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2014 · Journal of medicinal food
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Methylglyoxal is a reactive dicarbonyl compound produced by glycolytic processing and identified as a precursor of advanced glycation end products. The elevated methylglyoxal levels in patients with diabetes are believed to contribute to diabetic complications, including bone defects. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of methylglyoxal on the function of osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells. The data indicated that methylglyoxal decreased osteoblast differentiation and induced osteoblast cytotoxicity. Pretreatment of MC3T3-E1 cells with aminoguanidine (a carbonyl scavenger), Trolox (an antioxidant), and cyclosporin A (a blocker of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore) prevented methylglyoxal-induced cytotoxicity in MC3T3-E1 cells. However, BAPTA/AM (an intracellular Ca(2+) chelator) and dantrolene (an inhibitor of endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) release) did not reverse the cytotoxic effect of methylglyoxal. Methylglyoxal increased the formation of intracellular reactive oxygen species, mitochondrial superoxide, and cardiolipin peroxidation in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells. Methylglyoxal also decreased the mitochondrial membrane potential and intracellular ATP and nitric oxide levels, suggesting that carbonyl stress-induced loss of mitochondrial integrity contributes to the cytotoxicity of methylglyoxal. Furthermore, the results demonstrated that methylglyoxal induced protein adduct formation, inactivation of glyoxalase I, and activation of glyoxalase II. Aminoguanidine reversed all aforementioned effects of methylglyoxal. Taken together, these data support the notion that high methylglyoxal concentrations have detrimental effects on osteoblasts through a mechanism involving oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Free Radical Research
  • Kwang Sik Suh · Young Soon Lee · Eun Mi Choi
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    ABSTRACT: Achyranthes bidentata (A. bidentata) Blume is a medicinal herb with the property of strengthening bones and muscles and ensuring proper downward flow of blood in terms of the therapeutic theory of traditional medicine. In the present study, the effect of A. bidentata root extract (AE) on osteoblast function was investigated in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells. AE caused a significant elevation of alkaline phosphatase activity, collagen synthesis, osteocalcin production, and mineralization in the cells (P < 0.05). AE also decreased the production of TNF-α, IL-6, and RANKL induced by antimycin A, mitochondrial electron transport inhibitor. Exposure of MC3T3-E1 cells to antimycin A caused significant reduction of cell viability and mineralization. However, pretreatment with AE prior to antimycin A exposure significantly reduced antimycin A-induced cell damage by preventing mitochondrial membrane potential dissipation, ATP loss, ROS release, and nitrotyrosine increase, suggesting that AE may be useful for protecting mitochondria against a burst of oxidative stress. Moreover, AE increased the phosphorylation of cAMP-response element-binding protein inhibited by antimycin A. Our study demonstrates that A. bidentata could significantly prevent osteoblast damage in aged patients.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Cytotechnology
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    ABSTRACT: RANKL has been shown to play a critical role in osteoclast formation and bone resorption. Thus, agents that suppress RANKL signaling have a potential to suppress bone loss. In this study, we examined the ability of xanthohumol, a structurally simple prenylated chalcone, to suppress RANKL signaling during osteoclastogenesis in RAW264.7 cells. Xanthohumol markedly inhibited RANKL-induced TRAP activity, multinucleated osteoclasts formation, and resorption-pit formation. In experiments to elucidate its mechanism of action, xanthohumol was found to suppress RANKL-induced expression of TRAF6, GAB2, ERK, c-Src, PI3K, and Akt genes. Moreover, RANKL-induced expressions of c-Fos and NFATc1, which are crucial transcription factors for osteoclastogenesis, were reduced by treatment with xanthohumol. Xanthohumol also inhibited RANKL-induced expression of bone-resorption related osteoclast-specific genes (carbonic anhydrase II, TCIRG, CLCN7, OSTM1, cathepsin K, and MMP-9). These data demonstrate that xanthohumol inhibits osteoclastogenesis by modulating RANKL signaling and may be useful for the prevention of bone-destructive diseases such as osteoporosis, arthritis and periodontitis.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2013 · Food and chemical toxicology: an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association
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    ABSTRACT: Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) can be ingested directly when used in food, food packaging, drug delivery, and cosmetics. This study evaluated the cellular effects of ZnO NPs (50 and 100 nm diameter particle sizes) on the function of osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells. ZnO NPs showed cytotoxicity at concentrations of above 50 μg/ml, and there was no significant effect of the size on the cytotoxicity of ZnO NPs. Within the testing concentrations of 0.01∼1 μg/ml, which did not cause a marked drop in cell viability, ZnO NPs (0.1 μg/ml) caused a significant elevation of alkaline phosphatase activity, collagen synthesis, mineralization, and osteocalcin content in the cells (P < 0.05). Moreover, pretreatment with ZnO NPs (0.01∼1 μg/ml) significantly reduced antimycin A-induced cell damage by preventing mitochondrial membrane potential dissipation, complex IV inactivation, and ATP loss. Measurement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) indicated decrease in ROS level upon exposure to ZnO nanoparticles (0.01 μg/ml). Hence, our study indicated that ZnO nanoparticles can have protective effects on osteoblasts at low concentrations where there are little or no observable cytotoxic effects.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2013 · Biological trace element research
  • Eun Mi Choi · Young Soon Lee
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    ABSTRACT: The protective effects of paeoniflorin isolated from Paeonia lactiflora against pharmacological inhibition of the respiratory chain were studied using osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells. Here we show that paeoniflorin decreases cell death induced by antimycin A, an inhibitor of mitochondrial complex III. Paeoniflorin restored antimycin A-induced inactivation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and thioredoxin reductase, suggesting that PI3K and thioredoxin reductase may be involved in paeoniflorin-induced cytoprotective responses. We also examined the effect of paeoniflorin on mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress induced by antimycin A. Paeoniflorin inhibited mitochondrial membrane potential dissipation, ATP loss, inactivation of complexes I and IV, cytochrome c release, and cardiolipin oxidation induced by antimycin A. In addition, paeoniflorin prevented antimycin A-induced ROS release and nitrotyrosine increase. These results imply that paeoniflorin protects osteoblasts from antimycin A-induced cell death via improved mitochondrial function.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2013
  • Eun Mi Choi
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    ABSTRACT: Deoxyactein is one of the major constituents isolated from Cimicifuga racemosa. In the present study, we investigated the protective effects of deoxyactein on antimycin A (mitochondrial electron transport inhibitor)-induced toxicity in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells. Exposure of MC3T3-E1 cells to antimycin A caused significant cell viability loss, as well as mitochondrial membrane potential dissipation, complex IV inactivation, ATP loss, intracellular calcium ([Ca(2+) ](i) ) elevation and oxidative stress. Pretreatment with deoxyactein prior to antimycin A exposure significantly reduced antimycin A-induced cell damage by preventing mitochondrial membrane potential dissipation, complex IV inactivation, ATP loss, [Ca(2+) ](i) elevation and oxidative stress. Moreover, deoxyactein increased the activation of PI3K (phosphoinositide 3-kinase), Akt (protein kinase B) and CREB (cAMP-response element-binding protein) inhibited by antimycin A. All these data indicate that deoxyactein may reduce or prevent osteoblasts degeneration in osteoporosis or other degenerative disorders. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2013 · Journal of Applied Toxicology
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    ABSTRACT: Albiflorin isolated from Paeoniae Radix was investigated for its ability to protect against antimycin A-induced osteoblast toxicity in the MC3T3-E1 cell line. MC3T3-E1 cells showed significantly reduced viability, increased apoptosis and lactate dehydrogenase release, elevated ROS/RNS levels, and decreased mitochondrial function after exposure to antimycin A. Pretreatment with albiflorin reversed the loss of cell viability in antimycin A-treated cultures. Similarly, pretreatment with albiflorin before antimycin A resulted in decreased apoptosis and lactate dehydrogenase release, decreased ROS/RNS levels, and increased mitochondrial function compared to antimycin A-treated cultures. In addition, albiflorin increased the mineralization reduced by antimycin A. Albiflorin reduced antimycin A-induced mitochondrial cytochrome c loss and cardiolipin peroxidation, conferring protection against ROS. These results confirmed the crucial role of cytochrome c and cardiolipin in the underlying mechanistic action of albiflorin. Therefore, the results suggest that albiflorin enhances mitochondrial function to suppress antimycin A-induced oxidative damage via the preservation of cytochrome c and cardiolipin. All of these data indicate that albiflorin may reduce or prevent osteoblast degeneration in osteoporosis.
    No preview · Article · May 2013 · Fitoterapia
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    ABSTRACT: Gold nanoparticles have shown promising biological applications due to their unique properties. Understanding the interaction mechanisms between nanomaterials and biological cells is important for the control and manipulation of these interactions for biomedical applications. In the present study, we investigated the effects of gold nanoparticles on the differentiation of osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells and antimycin A-induced mitochondrial dysfunction. The results showed that gold nanoparticles (5, 10, and 20 nm) caused a significant elevation of cell growth, alkaline phosphatase activity, collagen synthesis, and osteocalcin content in the cells (P < 0.05). Moreover, pretreatment with gold nanoparticles prior to antimycin A exposure significantly reduced antimycin A-induced cell damage by preventing mitochondrial membrane potential dissipation, complex IV inactivation, ATP loss, cytochrome c release, cardiolipin peroxidation, and reactive oxygen species generation. Taken together, our study indicated that gold nanoparticles may improve the differentiation and have protective effects on mitochondrial dysfunction of osteoblastic cells.
    No preview · Article · May 2013 · Biological trace element research
  • Kwang Sik Suh · Young Soon Lee · Eun Mi Choi
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    ABSTRACT: Age-related osteoblast dysfunction is the main cause of agerelated bone loss in both men and women. In the present study, the effect of sciadopitysin, a type of biflavonoids, on osteoblast function was investigated in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells. Sciadopitysin caused a significant elevation of alkaline phosphatase activity, collagen synthesis, osteocalcin production, mineralization, and glutathione content in the cells (P<0.05). Sciadopitysin also decreased the production of tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-α) induced by antimycin A, a mitochondrial electron transport inhibitor. We investigated the protective effects of sciadopitysin on antimycin A-induced toxicity in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells. Exposure of MC3T3-E1 cells to antimycin A caused a significant reduction in osteoblast dysfunction. However, pretreatment with sciadopitysin prior to antimycin A exposure significantly reduced antimycin A-induced cell damage by preventing mitochondrial membrane potential dissipation, adenosine triphosphate (ATP) loss, reactive oxygen species (ROS) release, and nitrotyrosine increase, suggesting that sciadopitysin may be useful for protecting mitochondria against a burst of oxidative stress. Moreover, sciadopitysin increased phosphorylation of cAMP-response element-binding protein (CREB) inhibited by antimycin A. Our results demonstrate that sciadopitysin may reduce or prevent osteoblasts degeneration.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2013 · Food and chemical toxicology: an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association
  • Kwang Sik Suh · Young Soon Lee · Eun Mi Choi
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract This study examined the effect of pinacidil, a nonselective adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium channel opener, on the function of osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells. Pinacidil caused a significant elevation of collagen synthesis, alkaline phosphatase activity, osteocalcin synthesis and mineralization in the cells (p < 0.05). Pinacidil significantly decreased the production of osteoclast differentiation inducing factors such as TNF-α, IL-6 and receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand in the presence of antimycin A, which inhibits mitochondrial electron transport. Moreover, pinacidil prevented antimycin A-induced reactive oxygen species and nitrotyrosine production. These results demonstrate that pinacidil may have positive effects on skeletal structure.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2013 · Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
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    ABSTRACT: The Korea Rare Isotope Accelerator, currently referred to as KoRIA, is briefly presented. The KoRIA facility is aimed to enable cutting-edge sciences in a wide range of fields. It consists of a 70 kW isotope separator on-line (ISOL) facility driven by a 70 MeV, 1 mA proton cyclotron and a 400 kW in-flight fragmentation (IFF) facility. The ISOL facility uses a superconducting (SC) linac for post-acceleration of rare isotopes up to about 18 MeV/u, while the SC linac of IFF facility is capable of accelerating uranium beams up to 200 MeV/u, 8 pμA and proton beams up to 600 MeV, 660 μA. Overall features of the KoRIA facility are presented with a focus on the accelerator design.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2013 · Few-Body Systems

Publication Stats

745 Citations
178.21 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2015
    • Hallym University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2001-2015
    • Kyung Hee University
      • • Department of Medicine
      • • Department of Food and Nutrition
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2007-2011
    • Chungnam National University
      • • Department of Chemical Engineering
      • • College of Pharmacy
      Daiden, Daejeon, South Korea
    • Kangwon National University Hospital
      Shunsen, Gangwon-do, South Korea
  • 2009
    • Duksung Women's University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Kangwon National University
      Shunsen, Gangwon-do, South Korea
  • 2005-2008
    • University of Ulsan
      • The Immunomodulation Research Center
      Ulsan, Ulsan, South Korea
  • 2004
    • Yonsei University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea