A.Z. Durrani

University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lāhaur, Punjab, Pakistan

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Publications (31)13.33 Total impact

  • Imtiaz Ahmad · Aneela Zameer Durrani · Muhammad Ijaz
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    ABSTRACT: Transboundary animals diseases (TADs) including rinderpest, foot and mouth disease (FMD) and peste-des-petits ruminants (PPR) along with other livestock diseases were searched in south Azad Jammu & Kashmir (AJK). All possible participatory tools of disease surveillance were applied in randomly selected villages of three districts Mirpur, Bhimber and Kotli (South AJK). Analysis of data indicated that FMD was the most prevalent and haemorrhagic septicaemia (HS) was the most important disease in the region. Other important livestock diseases recorded during PDS activity were PPR, enterotoxaemia, prolapse (uterine, vaginocervical) and mastitis. There was no history of rinderpest in AJK since its independence. PPR was noted as an emerging disease of small ruminants causing heavy losses especially in Bhimber and Kotli.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Pakistan journal of zoology
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    ABSTRACT: Anaplasmosis is deadly infectious malady of small ruminants throughout the world. The prevalence of anaplasmosis in clinically affected small ruminants from the River Ravi region of Lahore was estimated along with hematological and therapeutic studies on infected animals. A total of 300 (n=150 sheep; n=150 goats) blood samples were collected from clinically affected small ruminants and examined microscopically; 129 (43%) were positive for Anaplasma ovis. A higher prevalence of anaplasmosis was recorded in sheep (55.33%) as compared to goats (30.67%). Hb and WBCs were significantly increased (P<0.05), while the concentration of RBCs and PCV non-significantly decreased (P>0.05) in infected small ruminants. The final efficacy of oxytetracycline, imidocarb dipropionat and diaminazin aceturate was 100, 87.5 and 62.5%, respectively in small ruminants making oxytetracycline the most effective drug.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Pakistan journal of zoology
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    ABSTRACT: Study was carried out to evaluate the pathological effects of parenterally administrated "Calotropis procera extracts" in rabbits. Fresh flowery buds of C. procera were collected from the District Lahore, Pakistan. Total of 35 rabbits of either sex were purchased from the animal house of University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore. Rabbits were randomly distributed in to 3 major groups (A= C. procera chloroform extract, B= C. procera water extract, C= Normal saline). Groups A and B were further subdivided into three sub-groups (A1, A2, A3, B1, B2 and B3) of 5 and C (n=5) were used as a control group. Biochemical findings showed a significant increase (P<0.05) in serum level of creatinine, urea and ALT in group A3 at day 30 as compared with group C. Gross lesions consisting of severe hemorrhages, lung emphysema in group A3 and lobular congestion, multifocal emphysema were observed in group B3. Histopathological lesions such as hyperplasia of Kupffer cells, hepatic cell degeneration and eruption of bronchiole epithelium were observed in group A3. It is concluded that higher dose (10 mg/kg BW) of chloroform extract of the C. procera had cardiotoxic and hepato-renal toxic effect and cause lungs emphysema in rabbits.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: A longitudinal study was conducted to determine the infection rate of gastrointestinal parasites in diarrheic and non-diarrheic sheep and goats along with therapeutic efficacy of different drugs from October, 2010 to October, 2011 in Lahore (Punjab), Pakistan. A total of 480 fecal samples comprising of 240 samples from sheep and 240 from goats were examined to check the presence of gastrointestinal parasitic infection. Out of 240 samples of sheep 173 (72.08%) samples were positive while out of 240 samples of goats 161 (67.08%) samples were positive. Higher infection rate of gastrointestinal parasites among sheep was recorded as compared to goats. While comparing class wise helminthic infection rate, parasites of class Nematoda (46.25% sheep; 44.17% goats) showed top prevalence, followed by Trematoda (20.42% sheep; 18.33% goats) and Cestoda (5.42% sheep; 4.58% goats). The efficacy of levamisol + oxyclozanide was observed to be 48, 76 and 88% in sheep, 56, 75 and 90% in goats after 3rd, 7th and 14th day of treatment, respectively. Albendazole proved to be less effective showing 57, 74 and 86% in sheep, 64, 77 and 87% efficacy in goats at 3rd, 7th and 14th day of treatment, respectively. Neem leaf seed powder was least effective against gastrointestinal parasites showing efficacy 16, 31 and 43% in sheep, 15, 23 and 40% in goats on 3rd, 7th and 14th day of treatment, respectively. It was concluded that gastrointestinal helminths in sheep and goats are of considerable significance in Lahore, while levamisol + oxyclozanide is the best effective drug against gastrointestinal parasites in both sheep and goats.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2013 · Pakistan journal of zoology
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    ABSTRACT: The primary objective of the study was to evaluate the toxic effects of Peganum harmala extracts on hematological and growth parameters using rabbit model. Thirty five rabbits (1200-1700 g) of either sex were randomly divided into 3 groups D, E and F. The rabbits in group D were given P. harmala chloroform extract, while the members in group E were administered P. harmala water extract. The animals in group F were given normal saline. The groups D and E were further divided into three sub-groups of 5 each receiving 1, 5 and 10 mg/ml of extract. Blood samples from each rabbit were collected at day 0 (pre-medication), day 9 and day 30 (post-medication). Feed efficiency and daily weight gain in group D3 and E3 on day 30, was significantly lower (P<0.05) compared to control group F. Erythrocytes count in group D3 was significantly lower (P<0.05) than control group F on day 30. A non-significant difference (P>0.05) was observed in hemoglobin concentration and leukocyte count in rabbits of all treatments groups. It was concluded that parenteral administration of chloroform extract of P. harmala at 10mg/kg had more deleterious pronounced effect on growth rate and erythrocyte count in rabbits compared to aqueous extract of the plant.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2013 · Pakistan journal of zoology
  • M.H. Saleem · M.S. Khan · A.Z. Durrani · A. Hassan · M. Ijaz · M.M. Ali
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    ABSTRACT: Leptospirosis is an important zoonotic disease caused by Leptospira species. Many domestic and wild animals act as reservoirs and ultimate source of contamination to human population. Since it is an emerging infectious disease that is under reported in developing countries, this report would provide baseline study for clinicians and researchers. To study the serosurveillance of human leptospirosis, 100 human (78 males; 22 females) blood samples were collected from Lahore city and its peri-urban areas and processed by cELISA Serion ELISA classic microtiter plate. The results of this study revealed 44% prevalence of human leptospirosis. Among 78 males and 22 females, 38 males (49%) and 06 females (27%) were found positive. Age wise serosurveillance demonstrate 47% prevalence in adults and 35% in young ones. Season wise 42%, 40%, 26% and 47% were observed in Summer, Fall, Winter and Spring, respectively. It is concluded that highest prevalence was in male adults while spring and summer were more susceptible seasons having leptospirosis infection. This is the first report of serosurveillance of leptospirosis in humans in Pakistan.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2013 · Pakistan journal of zoology
  • B. Zahid · M.-U.-R. Khan · A. Aslam · A.Z. Durrani · S. Alam · M.H. Saleem · K. Mehmood
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    ABSTRACT: Current study was conducted to evaluate the effect of two commercially available immunostimulants Livol (herbal supplement) and Immunotone (selenium and vit. E) on growth performance and humoral response against IBD virus vaccine. In the present study 150 broiler chicks were purchased and divided into five groups namely A, B, C, D and E (30 chicks in each group). The birds of groups A, B and E were vaccinated with infectious bursal diseases (IBD) virus vaccine (Busaplex) on 1st day of age. Birds of groups A and C were supplemented with Immunotone while group B and D were supplemented with Livol. The effect of immunostimulants on humoral immune response was evaluated by recording weekly serum antibody titers against IBD through indirect haemagglutination (IHA) test. No significant difference was found in the body weight of broiler chicks on 7, 14, 21 and 28 days of age among the different treatment groups but the body weight of groups B and D receiving Livol was significantly increased (P<0.05) after 35 days. No significant difference was found in the feed conversion ratio (FCR) during treatment period but on day 35 Livol treated groups B and D showed significantly higher FCR 1.52±0.02 and 1.48±0.02, respectively. The cumulative mean titers for IHA for different treatment groups A, B, C, D and E were 43.3, 51.4, 12.3, 14.1 and 40.1, respectively (P<0.05). These results indicate that Livol supplementation may help to increase post vaccination humoral immune response against IBD in broiler chicks.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2013 · Pakistan journal of zoology
  • Sadia Ibrahim · Azhar Maqbool · Muhammad Ijaz · Aneela Zameer Durrani · Abdul Rehman
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    ABSTRACT: The seroprevalence of anti-Toxoplama gondii antibodies in 200 captive birds in urban and peri-urban areas of district Lahore was studied by latex agglutination test. Of 200 captive birds, 20 (10%) tested positive for anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies. The highest seroprevalence of anti-Toxoplama gondii antibodies was observed in turkeys (16%) followed by ducks (12%), pigeons (8%) and quails (4%).
    No preview · Article · Jul 2012 · Pakistan journal of zoology
  • Aneela Zameer Durrani · Haroon Zameer Durrani · Nadeem Kamal
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    ABSTRACT: The study was conducted from May 2007 to June 2008 to cover all the four seasons. In this study the highest prevalence was recorded in the south of Pakistan (789) followed by the west (580) and northern region (533). The sand flies were collected, reared in a laboratory and their entire life-cycle studied. The species of sand-flies found in Pakistan belong to Genus Phlebotomus, and the species identified were P. sergenti; P. papatasi; P. orientalis; P. major; P. longipes; P. bergeroti; P. alexandri; P.argentipes and P. pedifer. Under laboratory conditions the entire life-cycle was completed in 20 to 40 days. The flies collected from the endemic areas were dissected and the promastigotes were collected from salivary glands and fore-gut. The infective stages could not be revealed from mid and hind-guts or from the reproductive systems. The promastigotes belonged to the genus Leishmania. Rabbits were experimentally infected to examine the progression of lesions and the resultant pathology. Out of 80 rabbits 78 developed characteristic lesions of cutaneous leishmaniasis at the site of subcutaneous injection (88%).
    No preview · Article · Jan 2012 · Pakistan journal of zoology
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    Aneela Z Durrani · Sagar M Goyal
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    ABSTRACT: In order to determine the seroprevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi antibodies in suspected dogs in Minnesota, the present study examines the database of the Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory at the University of Minnesota over a 10 year period (2001-June 2010). A total of 1081 serum samples from dogs suspected of having borreliosis were submitted by 112 private veterinary clinics. Th e samples were tested using an indirect fl uorescent antibody (IFA) test. Samples with titers of ≥1:320 were considered positive. Th e rate of seroprevalence of antibodies was 88%. Th e increase in the rate of yearly seroprevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi antibodies in dogs was comparable with that of human borreliosis in Minnesota.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2012 · Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences
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    Aneela Z Durrani · Sagar M Goyal
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the seroprevalence of Anaplasma in Minnesota cattle, the database of the Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory (VDL), University of Minnesota was searched over a 10 year period (2001 to July 2010). A total of 438,407 bovine serum samples were tested by complement fi xation test (CFT) and competitive enzyme linked immunosorbent test (cELISA). Th e positive rate of seroprevalence by CFT was 2.4% out of 211,484 samples, with a 0.13% anticomplementary result. Th e VDL at the University of Minnesota started using cELISA aft er 2002, and CFT application was suspended as diagnostic test for anaplasmosis aft er 2005 due to its complexity. With cELISA, positive seroprevalence was 6.8% out of 226,923 samples. Th e results suggest that the cELISA test was more rapid and less complex than the CFT.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2012 · Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences
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    S K Mor · M Abin · G Costa · A Durrani · N Jindal · S M Goyal · D P Patnayak
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    ABSTRACT: An experimental study was conducted to determine the comparative pathogenicity of type-2 turkey astrovirus (TAstV-2) obtained from turkey flocks afflicted with poult enteritis syndrome (PES) and from turkey flocks displaying no apparent signs of infection. In total, ninety 7-d-old poults, which tested negative for the presence of astrovirus, rotavirus, coronavirus, and reovirus by reverse transcriptase (RT) PCR , were divided evenly into 3 groups: A, B, and C. Birds in group A were inoculated orally with turkey astrovirus-positive intestinal contents from birds affected with PES. Group B received turkey astrovirus-containing intestinal contents from apparently healthy flocks. Group C served as a negative control and was given PBS. Clinical signs of diarrhea, depression, and dullness were observed in group A. Birds in group B also showed clinical signs similar to those in group A, although the signs were milder in nature. Birds in group C did not show any clinical signs. At 16 d postinoculation, the BW of birds in group A was significantly lower than that of birds in groups B or C. In addition, the bursa size was reduced in group A, but not in groups B or C. Birds in groups A and B, but not in group C, were found to shed turkey astrovirus in their feces, as detected by RT-PCR. These results provide a preliminary indication that TAstV-2 from PES birds may be more pathogenic than TAstV-2 from apparently healthy poults. Further studies are needed to determine if pathogenic and nonpathogenic strains of TAstV-2 exist in the environment. These results also reinforce our previous observations that astrovirus is involved in PES, causing significant retardation in growth and weight gain.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2011 · Poultry Science
  • Aneela Zameer Durrani · Sagar M. Goyal · Nadeem Kamal
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the seroprevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi antibodies in horses in Minnesota, the database of the Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, University of Minnesota, was searched over a 10-year period (May 2001 to May 2010). A total of 1,260 equine serum samples submitted by 112 veterinary clinics were tested using an indirect fluorescent antibody test. Samples with titers of ≥1:320 were considered positive. The average rate of seroprevalence was 58.7%, indicating high exposure of horses to B burgdorferi in Minnesota. Our results indicate that borreliosis should be considered as a differential in cases of horses with undiagnosed musculoskeletal or neurologic disease.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2011 · Journal of Equine Veterinary Science
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    A Z Durrani · M Younus · N Kamal · N Mehmood · A R Shakoori
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    ABSTRACT: A total of 200 whole blood samples along with thin blood samples smears and 100 samples of ticks from 20 flocks of sheep from different localities of district Lahore with a history of tick infestation , relapse of fever and anemia were screened for the prevalence of Theileria species during spring and summer seasons in 2007. On microscopic examination 44/200 (22%) samples were positive for Theileria, while 70/200 (35%) blood samples were found positive for Theileria species by PCR, out of which 79% were positive for T. ovis and 21% for T. lestoquardi. The clinical signs were recorded in 30% (60/200) sheep. Out of total of 100 tick samples the prevalence of Hyalomma was highest (45%) followed by Rhipicephalus (41%) and Boophilus (14%).The prevalence of T. ovis was 65.8% (27/41) as compared to 66.6% (30/45) for T. lestoquardi in Rhipicephalus and Hyalomma ticks, respectively.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2011 · Pakistan journal of zoology
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    A Z Durrani · S M Goyal
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    ABSTRACT: The database of the Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, University of Minnesota, was searched over a ten year period (2001-2010) to determine the seroprevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi (B. burgdorferi) in elk (Cervus elaphus) and moose (Alces americanus) in Minnesota, A total of 597 serum samples (62 from elk and 535 from moose) were tested for antibodies against B. burgdorferi using an indirect fluorescent antibody (IFA) test. Samples with titers of >1:320 were considered positive. Out of 597 sera tested, 135 (27%) were positive with IFA titers ranging between 1:320 and 1:1280. The rate of sero-prevalence was 52in elk and 19% in moose. These results indicate exposure of both species of cervidae to B. burgdorferi in Minnesota.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2011 · Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences
  • A.Z. Durrani · H.Z. Durrani · N. Kamal · N. Mehmood
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    ABSTRACT: The study was undertaken from May 2007 to June 2008 to determine the prevalence of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in humans and dogs in four regions of Pakistan. Humans and dogs were screened for the disease and potential positive cases were identified on the basis of skin lesions. Samples of blood and skin lesions were collected for thin smear and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) examination. PCR analyses of clinical samples were found to be positive for a single schizodeme of Leishmania tropica. It was also revealed that PCR could detect DNA from less than a single parasite and can be effectively used in epidemiological surveys. Both dry and muco-purulent cutaneous forms of the disease were found to be endemic in the North, South and West of Pakistan. The East and South-eastern regions were non endemic. No case of visceral form of disease was encountered during the period of study from any part of the country. In Northern Pakistan the disease was most prevalent in humans in November 2007 (661) and least prevalent during February 2008 (292) while in dogs the highest prevalence was during November 2007 (24%) and lowest prevalence in January 2008 (5%). In Southern Pakistan the highest human disease prevalence was in April 2008 (518 cases) and lowest disease detections in June 2007 with 308 cases. In dogs, the highest number of cases were in December 2007 (25% cases) and least number during July 2007 (9% cases). In Western Pakistan the human disease prevalence was highest in October 2007 (281 cases) and lowest during Feb.2008 (66 cases) while in dogs most cases were detected in Nov. 2007 (21% cases) and the number of cases was lowest in Feb. 2008 (8%).
    No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Pakistan journal of zoology
  • A.Z. Durrani · S.M. Goyal
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the seroprevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi in horses in Minnesota, the database of the Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, University of Minnesota, was searched over a ten year period (2001 - May 2010). A total of 1,260 equine serum samples submitted by 112 veterinary clinics were tested using an indirect fluorescent antibody test. Samples with titers of ≥1:320 were considered positive. The average rate of seroprevalence was 58.7% indicating high exposure of horses to B. burgdorferi in Minnesota. Our results indicate that Borreliosis should be considered as a differential in cases of horses with undiagnosed musculoskeletal or neurologic disease.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences
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    Aneela Zameer Durrani · Nadeem Kamal · Nasir Mehmood · Abdul Rauf Shakoori
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    ABSTRACT: The present study aims at determining the prevalence of an acute viral disease of small ruminants Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) caused by a Morbillivirus and is characterized by fever, oculonasal discharges, stomatitis, diarrhoea and pneumonia. Samples of nasal swabs and blood samples, 504 each, collected from sheep and goats showing signs of pneumoentritis in three different geographical regions viz. North, South and Central Punjab were screened for PPR virus by RT-PCR test. Out of 504 blood samples tested 79 were positive for PPR showing prevalence of 15.7 per cent. Of 504 nasal swabs collected from animals already sampled for blood, 85 samples were positive for PPR showing prevalence of 16.9 per cent in the small ruminant population of the Punjab province. Among the three regions prevalence was 24.7, 38.8 and 36.5 percent in North, South and Central regions of Punjab province respectively from nasal swabs. Thirty nine nasal swab samples from sheep and 46 from goat were found positive by RT-PCR giving a specie wise prevalence of 15.5 and 18.3 per cent, respectively in both species. The hematological observations of infected animals positive for PPR by RT-PCR test showed anemia in sheep and goats.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2010 · Pakistan journal of zoology
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    Aneela Zameer DURRANI · Nadeem KAMAL · Abdul Rauf SHAKOORI · Rana Muhammad YOUNUS
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    ABSTRACT: The present study was carried out to investigate the prevalence of post parturient haemoglobinuria in buffaloes, and to compare the therapeutic efficacy of toldimfos sodium, sodium acid phosphate, and tea leaves. The prevalence of disease in 1000 animals, grouped according to varying stages of lactation and pregnancy, was recorded. Screening of positive animals based on clinical signs of haemoglobinuria, anaemia, and moderate pyrexia was performed. Urine and blood samples were collected. Blood samples were processed for haematological parameters and biochemical profile. Blood films were made and stained. The animals that were positive for disease were treated with sodium acid phosphate, toldimfos sodium, and tea leaves. Blood samples were collected before treatment and on day 1, 2, and 3 post-treatment, and processed in the laboratory for haematological parameters and biochemical profile. The data were analyzed statistically. Highest prevalence of post-parturient haemoglobinuria was recorded in animals within 4 weeks postpartum (60%). The highest prevalence of disease was seen at lactation 5 (32%). Therapeutic trials showed the highest efficacy with toldimfos sodium (85%) followed by tea leaves (56%) while the lowest efficacy was observed with sodium acid phosphate (18%).
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2010 · Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences

  • No preview · Article · Feb 2010

Publication Stats

97 Citations
13.33 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2008-2015
    • University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences
      • Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery
      Lāhaur, Punjab, Pakistan
  • 2011
    • Saint Mary's University of Minnesota
      Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States
  • 2010
    • Livestock & Dairy Development Department Punjab
      Lāhaur, Punjab, Pakistan