Publications (2)5.65 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: Soluble interleukin-6 receptor (sIL-6R) is part of IL-6 receptor that may stimulate cells that do not express the whole molecule. It may enhance myeloma cell proliferation and furthermore angiogenesis. The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical significance and the relationship between serum levels of sIL-6R, with various stimulators of angiogenesis, such as hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and interleukin-18 (IL-18) and with markers of proliferation, such as beta-2 microglobulin (B2M) levels and plasma cell Ki-67 proliferation index in the bone marrow, in patients with multiple myeloma (MM). We studied 45 newly diagnosed MM patients. Serum levels of sIL-6R, HGF, IL-18, and B2M and Ki-67 proliferation index (Ki-67 PI) in bone marrow's plasma cells were determined. The mean concentrations of sIL-6R, HGF, IL-18, and B2M and the value of Ki-67 were significantly higher in the patients compared to controls and with increasing disease stage. sIL-6R was strongly positively correlated with HGF, IL-18, B2M, and Ki-67 PI. There is a positive correlation between plasma cell growth, as determined by Ki-67 PI, and different angiogenic cytokines, such as HGF and IL-18, with sIL-6R. This relationship suggests the significant role of these cytokines in the proliferation and disease activity in MM patients.
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ABSTRACT: Multiple myeloma (MM) is a malignant plasma cell disease. Several proinflammatory cytokines produced by malignant plasma cells and bone marrow (BM) stromal cells are involved in the pathogenesis of the disease. We evaluated serum levels of the proinflammatory cytokines Interleukin-1β (IL-1β), Interleukin-6 (IL-6), Interleukin-8 (IL-8), macrophage inflammatory protein-1α (MIP-1α), in MM patients before treatment, and determined its significance in tumor progression. We also analyzed the correlation between measured parameters with proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). Forty-four MM patients and 20 healthy controls were studied. Serum levels of the proinflammatory cytokines were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), whereas PCNA value in the BM was determined by immunohistochemistry staining. The mean concentrations of the measured cytokines were significantly different among the three stages of disease, with higher values in advanced disease stage. Furthermore, patients with MM had significantly higher serum levels of the measured cytokines than in controls. A positive correlation was found between IL-6 with IL-1β, IL-8 and MIP-1α. Similarly, IL-8 and MIP-1α were positively correlated with markers of disease activity such as β2 microglobulin and LDH. The proliferation index, determined by PCNA immunostaining, was higher in advanced disease stage. Furthermore PCNA value correlated significantly with β2 microglobulin, LDH and the levels of the measured cytokines. Our results showed that the proliferative activity, as measured with PCNA, increases in parallel with disease stage. The positive correlation between PCNA and other measured mediators supports the involvement of these factors in the biology of myeloma cell growth and can be used as markers of disease activity and as possible therapeutic targets.
University Hospital of Heraklion
Irákleio, Attica, Greece
- Department of Gastroenterology