[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chemokine receptors CXCR7 and CXCR4 bind to the same ligand stromal cell derived factor-1alpha (SDF-1α/CXCL12). We assessed the downstream signaling pathways mediated by CXCL12-CXCR7 interaction in Jurkat T cells. All experiments were carried out after functionally blocking the CXCR4 receptor. CXCL12, on binding CXCR7, induced phosphorylation of extra cellular regulated protein kinases (ERK 1/2) and Akt. Selective inhibition of each signal demonstrated that phosphorylated ERK 1/2 is essential for chemotaxis and survival of T cells whereas activation of Akt promotes only cell survival. Another interesting finding of this study is that CXCL12-CXCR7 interaction under normal physiological conditions does not activate the p38 pathway. Furthermore, we observed that the CXCL12 signaling via CXCR7 is Giα independent. Our findings suggest that CXCR7 promotes cell survival and does not induce cell death in T cells. The CXCL12 signaling via CXCR7 may be crucial in determining the fate of the activated T cells.
Full-text · Article · Oct 2011 · Cellular Immunology