Bing-Qiao Zhao

Fudan University, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (5)28.41 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: In the mammalian brain, neurogenesis persists throughout the embryonic period and adulthood in the subventricular zone of the lateral ventricle and the granular zone (dentate gyrus) of the hippocampus. Newborn neural progenitor cells (NPCs) in the two regions play a critical role in structural and functional plasticity and neural regeneration after brain injury. Previous studies have reported that extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMF) could promote osteogenesis, angiogenesis, and cardiac stem cells' differentiation, which indicates that ELF-EMF might be an effective tool for regenerative therapy. The present studies were carried out to examine the effects of ELF-EMF on hippocampal NPCs cultured from embryonic and adult ischemic brains. We found that exposure to ELF-EMF (50 Hz, 0.4 mT) significantly enhanced the proliferation capability both in embryonic NPCs and in ischemic NPCs. Neuronal differentiation was also enhanced after 7 days of cumulative ELF-EMF exposure, whereas glial differentiation was not influenced markedly. The expression of phosphorylated Akt increased during the proliferation process when ischemic NPCs were exposed to ELF-EMF. However, blockage of the Akt pathway abolished the ELF-EMF-induced proliferation of ischemic NPCs. These data show that ELF-EMF promotes neurogenesis of ischemic NPCs and suggest that this effect may occur through the Akt pathway.Video abstract, Supplemental Digital Content 1, http://links.lww.com/WNR/A347.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Neuroreport
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    ABSTRACT: Inflammatory responses and blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction play important roles in brain injury after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). The metalloprotease ADAMTS 13 (a disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin type I motif, member 13) was shown to limit inflammatory responses through its proteolytic effects on von Willebrand factor. In the present study, we addressed the role of ADAMTS 13 after experimental ICH. ICH was induced in mice by intracerebral infusion of autologous blood. The peri-hematomal inflammatory responses, levels of matrix metalloproteinase-9 and intercellular adhesion molecule-1, pericyte coverage on brain capillaries, and BBB permeability were quantified at 24 hours. Functional outcomes, cerebral edema, and hemorrhagic lesion volume were quantified at day 3. Treatment with recombinant ADAMTS 13 (rADAMTS 13) reduced the levels of chemokines and cytokines, myeloperoxidase activity, and microglia activation and neutrophil recruitment after ICH. rADAMTS 13 also decreased interleukin-6 expression in brain endothelial cells stimulated by lipopolysaccharide, whereas recombinant von Willebrand factor reversed this effect. The anti-inflammatory effect of rADAMTS 13 was accompanied by reduced expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and less activation of matrix metalloproteinase, enhanced pericyte coverage of brain microvessels, and attenuated BBB disruption. Furthermore, neutrophil depletion protected against BBB damage, and rADAMTS 13 treatment had no further beneficial effect. Finally, treatment of mice with rADAMTS 13 reduced cerebral edema and hemorrhagic lesion volume and improved neurological functions. Our findings reveal the importance of rADAMTS 13 in regulating pathological inflammation and BBB function and suggest that rADAMTS 13 may provide a new therapeutic strategy for ICH. © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Stroke
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    ABSTRACT: Stroke is a leading cause of long-lasting disability in humans. However, currently there are still no effective therapies available for promoting stroke recovery. Recent studies have shown that the adult brain has the capacity to regenerate neurons after stroke. Although this neurogenic response may be functionally important for brain repair after injury, the mechanisms underlying stroke-induced neurogenesis are not known. Caspase-3 is a major executioner and has been identified as a key mediator of neuronal death in the acute stage of stroke. Recently however, accumulating data indicate that caspase-3 also participate in various biological processes that do not cause cell death. Here, we show that cleaved caspase-3 was increased in newborn neuronal precursor cells (NPCs) in the subventricular zone (SVZ) and the dentate gyrus (DG) during the period of stroke recovery, with no evidence of apoptosis. We observed that cleaved caspase-3 was expressed by NPCs and limited its self-renewal without triggering apoptosis in cultured NPCs from the SVZ of ischemic mice. Moreover, we revealed that caspase-3 negatively regulated the proliferation of NPCs through reducing the phosphorylation of Akt. Importantly, we demonstrated that peptide inhibition of caspase-3 activity significantly promoted the proliferation and migration of SVZ NPCs, and resulted in a significant increase in subsequent neuronal regeneration and functional recovery after stroke. Together, our data identify a previously unknown caspase-3-dependent mechanism that constrains stroke-induced endogenous neurogenesis and should revitalize interest in targeting caspase-3 for treatment of stroke. Stem Cells 2013.
    Preview · Article · Feb 2014 · Stem Cells
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) is approved for treatment of acute ischemic stroke, but it increases the risk of cerebral hemorrhage. Accumulating evidence suggests that von Willebrand factor (VWF) plays a pivotal role in thrombus formation and microcirculatory disturbances after ischemic stroke. By cleaving VWF, ADAMTS13 (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with a thrombospondin type 1 motif, member 13) protects mice from stroke. Therefore, we hypothesized that recombinant ADAMTS13 (rADAMTS13) could increase the safety of tPA thrombolysis in stroke. Methods: We examined blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability after intraventricular injection of tPA, VWF, and rADAMTS13 in nonischemic mice. We investigated the role of rADAMTS13 on reducing tPA-induced BBB dysfunction and cerebral hemorrhage in a mouse stroke model. Results: Intraventricular injection of tPA or VWF under nonischemic conditions resulted in a significant increase in BBB permeability. In contrast, rADAMTS13 blocked both tPA- and VWF-induced BBB opening. BBB disruption following stroke was exacerbated by intravenous administration of tPA, but this was attenuated by injection of rADAMTS13. Correspondingly, tPA-associated hemorrhage after stroke was significantly reduced by rADAMTS13. The antihemorrhagic effect of rADAMTS13 was reversed by injection of recombinant VWF. We also showed that rADAMTS13 inhibited tPA-mediated upregulation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in vascular endothelium after stroke. The upregulation of VEGF was suppressed by either an Akt inhibitor wortmannin or a Rho kinase inhibitor fasudil. Furthermore, rADAMTS13 downregulated tPA-induced phosphorylation of Akt and activation of RhoA. Interpretation: These findings demonstrate that the VWF-cleaving protease rADAMTS13 reduced tPA-induced hemorrhage by regulating BBB integrity, and suggest that this effect may occur through the Akt/RhoA-mediated VEGF pathways.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2013 · Annals of Neurology
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    Yi Dong · Wen Zhang · Bin Lai · Wen-Jie Luan · Yan-Hua Zhu · Bing-Qiao Zhao · Ping Zheng
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    ABSTRACT: It has been known that the inhibition of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase is one of the earliest events occurring under hypoxia and this inhibition can lead to neuronal damages. Thus, the cytochrome c oxidase inhibitor sodium cyanide (NaCN) is widely used to produce a model of chemical hypoxia by inhibiting this enzyme. However, the downstream signaling pathways of the inhibition of the cytochrome c oxidase remain to be studied. In the present paper, we used sodium cyanide to mimic the inhibition of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase and studied its effect on glutamate release in synaptosomes from the prefrontal cortex using on-line fluorimetry. We also further investigated the mechanisms underlying the enhancing effect of sodium cyanide on glutamate release using pharmacological approaches combined with other techniques. The results showed that sodium cyanide significantly increased glutamate release from synaptosomes of prefrontal cortex; the broad-spectrum free radical scavenger MnTBAP and melatonin completely abolished the effect of sodium cyanide on glutamate release; the H2O2-NMDA receptor pathway mediated one part, whereas the lipid peroxyl radicals-ATP synthase pathway mediated another part of the sodium cyanide-induced glutamate release; scavenging H2O2 and enhancing ATP synthase activity could completely abolish the sodium cyanide-induced glutamate release.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2011 · Biochimica et Biophysica Acta