[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Unlabelled:
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) on spastic foot in stroke patients in a rehabilitation program.
Hemiparetic stroke patients (n=21) enrolled in a rehabilitation program were divided into two groups. The first group (n=11) received a total of 300 UI BTX-A, and the second group (n=10) received 100 UI BTX-A. All patients were assessed at baseline and 2, 4, 8 and 12 weeks after injection for Modified Ashworth Score, time walking 10 meters, and the Functional Independence Measure (mFIM) motor score.
The higher-dose group exhibited a significant improvement in spasticity, and both groups showed an improvement in time walking 10 meters and mFIM, with no significant differences between them.
Our findings suggest that gains in gait velocity and functional independence were not correlated to BTX-A dose.
Preview · Article · Mar 2014 · Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Randomized studies have shown that screening for breast cancer with mammography reduces the breast cancer mortality. However there are signs of a great inequality in access to mammography in Brazil. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the percentage of women who did not undergo mammography according to socioeconomic and demographic variables in women aged from 40 to 69 years in Teresina, Piauí State, Brazil. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional population-based study in women aged 40-69 years in Teresina-Piauí in 2010/2011. The sampling was randomly conducted in five stages. The data were processed by SPSS 19.0 and it was performed univariate and multivariate analysis. RESULTS: Among 433 women who answered the questionnaire, 75,3% had a mammography and 17,2% of these women had not a mammography over the last two years. The lack of breast cancer screening was associated with non-white skin color (p = 0,030), never being married (p = 0,041), low levels of education (p = 0,010), low family income (p < 0,001), smoking (p = 0,006), having no private health insurance (p < 0,001). The Unified National Health System (SUS) performed 56,3% of reported mammograms. CONCLUSION: About 24.7% of women in the sample never had a mammography. According to the findings, the lack of breast cancer screening is associated with social and racial inequalities.
Preview · Article · Dec 2012 · Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study focused on self-perceived oral health of the elderly and associated variables. The sample consisted of 321 functionally independent individuals 60 years or older living in Parnaíba, Piauí State, Brazil. Oral examinations were performed and questionnaires were applied during home visits. The elderly presented poor oral health, with mean DMFT 29.41 (SD = 4.10). However, their self-perceived oral health was positive, with 52% showing high scores according to the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI). Multivariate analysis showed that predictors of self-perceived oral health included the need for upper prostheses, oral mucosal lesions, and self-rated oral health. The most important predictor was self-rated oral health, with a weight of 20% variation in self-perceived oral health. In conclusion, subjective measurement of oral health in the elderly is less associated with their actual clinical status and more with other subjective factors.
Full-text · Article · Jun 2012 · Cadernos de saúde pública / Ministério da Saúde, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Leprosy is a potentially disabling infectious disease that evolves into emotional issues due to the prejudice that persists about the illness. The endemic has declined substantially with multidrug therapy (MDT) in the 80's; however, new demands associated with the reduction of stigma and the improvement of the affected people's quality of life have emerged. In Brazil, leprosy is still a public health problem. Piauí is the second state in the Northeast in prevalence and detection, and Teresina is a hyperendemic city. This study aimed to analyze the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of people in treatment for leprosy in Teresina/PI.
An observational study was conducted using the SF-36 (a specific questionnaire for assessing quality of life), which sought the determinants of poor quality of life among people with leprosy, outlining the sociodemographic, clinical, and epidemiological characteristics of the 107 patients interviewed.
The correlations between the variables showed five determinants of HRQoL: late diagnosis, multibacillary forms, reactions, disability diagnosis grade II, and prejudice. The profile of the participants showed that leprosy still affects the lower social classes in historically endemic areas, causing high percentages of secondary injuries that compromise the work capacity and quality of life of the affected people, perpetuating the stigma associated with the disease.
The study reinforces the need to implement more effective strategies of disease control, due to the development of severe and disabling forms of leprosy is directly related to poor HRQoL in the same cured patient.
Preview · Article · Oct 2011 · Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The burden present in family members caretakers that results of the care given, could jeopardize their health, provoke the decay of relationships, as well as maintain or worsen the patient's condition. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the levels of objective and subjective burden in family members of individuals with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in samples from the public and private network. METHODS: This is a descriptive-analytical study that characterizes the individual with OCD (N = 30) and their family caretakers (N = 30), in samples of public net (N = 30) and private net (N = 30), with use of standardized socio-demographic data questionnaire; diagnosis confirmation (OCD) by using Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI); the Family Burden Interview Schedule (FBIS-BR) was applied. RESULTS: A statistical significance has been detected among the samples through an objective point of view, with higher levels of burden in the sample of public net; the significance through a subjective point of view was only perceived regarding "doing housework", with higher levels in the private practice. DISCUSSION: The study has verified different levels of burden in family members of individuals with OCD under treatment in samples from the public and private network of psychiatric assistance.
Preview · Article · Dec 2010 · Revista de Psiquiatria Clínica
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The number of accidents involving motorcycles has increased in Brazil. The objective of this study was to identify the type of victims of these accidents who were treated at an emergency department in Piauí State, Brazil. The sample included 430 such victims in this quantitative study. Most were male, 15-24 years of age, and from the State of Piauí itself. 301 of the victims were drivers of the motorcycles, 81 were passengers, and 48 were struck or run over by the motorcycles. 76.05% of the accidents occurred from Thursday to Sunday. 80.75% had temporary sequelae, and 53.33% of the accidents occurred at night. In 69.3% of the cases, victims suffered lacerations; 51.4% fractures; 27.44% hematomas; and 20.7% head trauma. Among the accident victims, motorcycle drivers, and those suspected of alcohol consumption, 52.07% were not wearing a helmet at the time of the accident. Most of the victims were discharged from hospital, while 14 died. In conclusion, injuries from motorcycle accidents deserve attention, especially to plan preventive measures to help control their occurrence in the State.
Preview · Article · Sep 2008 · Cadernos de saúde pública / Ministério da Saúde, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study aims to evaluate the situation with breastfeeding in the State of Piauí, Brazil, at the time of the 2006 vaccination campaign. The sample consisted of 1,963 infants (< 1 year of age) from 45 municipalities. Medians and probabilities of breastfeeding categories were calculated by probit analysis. Multivariate logistic analysis was used to analyze the association between independent variables and partial and exclusive breastfeeding. The probabilities were: 16% for exclusive breastfeeding and 18% for predominant breastfeeding at 180 days of age and 58% for breastfeeding at 361 days. Median duration was 67 days for exclusive breastfeeding and 200 days for breastfeeding. The breastfeeding rate was higher for children whose mothers belonged to social classes C, D, and E (p = 0.024) and lived in the countryside (p = 0.009). Not nursing during the first 24 hours of life, using a pacifier, and bottle-feeding reduced the prevalence of breastfeeding (p < 0.001). The prevalence rates are below the recommended standards and reflect the need to prioritize actions to promote breastfeeding in the State.
No preview · Article · Aug 2008 · Cadernos de saúde pública / Ministério da Saúde, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: No Brasil, observa-se um aumento dos acidentes envolvendo motocicletas. Este estudo objetivou caracterizar as vítimas desse tipo de acidente atendidas em um serviço de emergência no Piauí. Pesquisa quantitativa com amostra de 430 vítimas. A análise mostrou predominância do sexo masculino, na faixa etária de 15 a 24 anos e procedentes do próprio estado. Observou-se que 301 dessas vítimas eram condutores da motocicleta, 81 passageiros e 48 foram atropelados por moto. Verificou-se que 76,05% das vítimas sofreram acidente de quinta-feira a domingo, 80,75% apresentaram seqüelas temporárias e 52,33% dos acidentes ocorreram no período noturno. Os tipos de lesão corresponderam em 69,3% dos casos a ferimentos; 51,4% a fraturas; 27,44% a hematomas; e 20,7% a traumatismos cranioencefálicos. Entre as vítimas de acidente, condutores da moto e suspeitos de ingestão de álcool, 52,07% não utilizavam capacete no momento do acidente. A maioria das vítimas recebeu alta hospitalar e 14 foram a óbito. Conclui-se que o trauma provocado pelos acidentes envolvendo motocicletas merece atenção, especialmente em relação ao planejamento de ações preventivas, assim como controle de sua ocorrência no estado.
Preview · Article · Aug 2008 · Cadernos de Saúde Pública
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: O objetivo do estudo foi realizar um diagnóstico da situação do aleitamento materno no Piauí, Brasil, durante a campanha de vacinação de 2006. A amostra constituiu-se de 1.963 crianças menores de um ano em 45 municípios. As medianas e probabilidades das categorias de aleitamento foram realizadas pela análise de probitos. Para análise da associação entre as variáveis do estudo e aleitamento materno/aleitamento materno exclusivo, utilizou-se o modelo de regressão logística multivariada. As probabilidades encontradas foram: 16% para o aleitamento materno exclusivo, 18% para o predominante na idade de 180 dias e 58% para aleitamento materno aos 361 dias. A duração mediana foi de 67 dias para o aleitamento materno exclusivo e 200 para aleitamento materno. Entre as crianças cujas mães pertenciam às classes econômicas C, D e E (p = 0,024) e moravam na zona rural (p = 0,009), o aleitamento materno foi maior. Não mamar nas primeiras 24 horas e utilizar chupeta e mamadeira reduziram a prevalência do aleitamento materno (p < 0,001). As prevalências encontram-se aquém das recomendações e refletem a necessidade de priorização das ações voltadas para o aleitamento no estado.
Preview · Article · Aug 2008 · Cadernos de Saúde Pública
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJETIVO: avaliar as características clínicas e epidemiológicas de pacientes com o diagnóstico de síndrome da mama fantasma (SdMF) ou com fenômenos fantasmas isoladamente. MÉTODOS: realizou-se um estudo observacional descritivo do tipo transversal, envolvendo 98 pacientes tratadas por câncer de mama no Hospital São Marcos, em Teresina (PI), empregando um questionário padronizado. RESULTADOS: observou-se SdMF em 11,2% das pacientes e sensação fantasma isolada em 30% das pacientes. A média de idade foi 54 anos. Cinqüenta e nove pacientes eram casadas (60%) e 79,6% eram analfabetas ou não haviam concluído o ensino médio. Alterações emocionais estavam presentes em 67,4%, embora em 66,7% a libido não tenha mudado após o procedimento cirúrgico. Como fator de melhora da dor fantasma, o repouso foi citado por 90,9% das pacientes, enquanto esforços físicos foram mencionados como fator de exacerbação dos sintomas em 63,6% dos casos. A média da nota atribuída à dor em escala de 0 a 10 foi 3, variando de 1 a 7. Apenas 3% das pacientes sabiam da existência desta síndrome antes da realização das entrevistas. CONCLUSÕES: fenômenos fantasmas são freqüentes em pacientes mastectomizadas, havendo necessidade de mais estudos para que se conheçam melhor suas características e o impacto sobre a qualidade de vida dessas mulheres.
Preview · Article · Sep 2007 · Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: to evaluate the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of patients with the diagnosis of phantom breast syndrome or with phantom phenomena lonely. METHODS: it was conducted an observational, descriptive and sectional study enrolling 98 patients treated for breast cancer at Hospital São Marcos, Teresina (PI), Brazil. A standardized questionnaire was applied. RESULTS: the phantom breast syndrome was observed in 11.2% of the patients and phantom sensation alone was observed in 30% of the patients. The mean age of the patients was 54 years. Fifty-nine patients were married (60%) and 79.5% were analphabetic or had not concluded the high school. Emotional alterations were present in 67.4%, even though in 66.7% the libido was not changed after surgical procedure. As a relief factor of phantom pain, resting was cited by 90.9% of the patients, while physical exercises were mentioned to exacerbate the symptoms in 63.6% of the cases. The mean grade attributed to the pain in a 0 to 10 scale was 3, ranging from 1 to 7. Only 3% of the patients knew about the existence of this syndrome before the interviews. CONCLUSIONS: phantom phenomena are frequent in mastectomized patients, being necessary more studies to know about its characteristics and effects in these women's quality of life.
Preview · Article · Sep 2007 · Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The number of accidents involving motorcycles has increased in Brazil. The objective of this study was to identify the type of victims of these acci- dents who were treated at an emergency depart- ment in Piauí State, Brazil. The sample included 430 such victims in this quantitative study. Most were male, 15-24 years of age, and from the State of Piauí itself. 301 of the victims were drivers of the motorcycles, 81 were passengers, and 48 were struck or run over by the motorcycles. 76.05% of the accidents occurred from Thursday to Sunday. 80.75% had temporary sequelae, and 53.33% of the accidents occurred at night. In 69.3% of the cases, victims suffered lacerations; 51.4% frac- tures; 27.44% hematomas; and 20.7% head trau- ma. Among the accident victims, motorcycle driv- ers, and those suspected of alcohol consumption, 52.07% were not wearing a helmet at the time of the accident. Most of the victims were discharged from hospital, while 14 died. In conclusion, inju- ries from motorcycle accidents deserve attention, especially to plan preventive measures to help control their occurrence in the State.