[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) microspectroscopy was applied to in-situ analyse the chemical change of tibial articular subchondral bone of female Hartley guinea pigs with age increase. Three infrared absorption regions (a, b, c) of trabecular bone and central marrow region of the subchondral bone were measured for guinea pigs of different ages (1 months, 2 months and 3 months) using the infrared spectrum. Results show that (1) with months increasing, the total area of trabecular bone is increasing, meanwhile, the region a which is similar to normal trabecular bone spectra is decreasing, and region d waveform has the same trend as region a. (2) In the second and third month, region b & c show amide Ill redshift and the red shift in region c shows a shoulder peak, showing the absorption peak intensity on behalf of nucleic acid and polysaccharide in region b & c is 7 times that in region a. (3) beta glycosidic bond absorption peak appears at region c in 3 different old pigs. (4) I(amide III) / I(amide II) is the highest in region b in the second month but lowest in the third month; I(amide III) / I(amide II) reduces from a to c in the second and third month; I(upsilon3)PO2- / I(amide II) in region b & c is 7 times higher than region a in the second and third Month These results are consistent with the regular pattern of change rule of osteoarthritis subchondral bone's organization structure and chemical composition in different stages. Our primary result illustrated that FTIR microspectroscopy can be used for in-situ analysis of the molecular organization of subchondral trabecular bone and bone marrow. It provides reliable pathology information for osteoarthritis subchondral bone tissue at molecular level.
No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Guang pu xue yu guang pu fen xi = Guang pu
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In-situ analysis the chemical composition of tibial articular cartilage of female Hartley guinea pigs with Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) microspectroscopy was conducted. The infrared spectrum survey consists of three ages (1 months, 2 months and 3 months) and three cartilage layers (surface, middle and deep). The results demonstrated that with ages increasing, the peak positions of main absorbance bands in surface and middle shifted to a lower wavenumber, and in deep they shifted to a lower wavenumber first, then shifted to a higher wavenumber. Infrared spectrum character of collagen, nucleic acid and proteoglycan were compared and analyzed. The ratios of I1 657/I 1 548, I1 074/I1 548 and I1 074/I1 237 tend to decrease with ages increasing in surface and middle. However, the ratios at 2 months are less than other ages in deep. These results are consistent with the regular pattern of cartilage ingredient change in different degradation stage, while the tibial platform images created by microscopic spectral imaging technology is highly compliant with pathology description. The authors' primary result illustrated that FTIR microspectroscopy can be used for in-situ analysis of molecular constituents of different levels cartilages. The molecular information obtained from the study is important for understanding the pathogenesis of cartilage diseases.
No preview · Article · Oct 2012 · Guang pu xue yu guang pu fen xi = Guang pu
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To compare the differences in damage degree, healing time and healing process between two animal models of defection fracture and provide the research data for the establishment of a new animal model.
Sixty male SPF Spragur-Dawley rats were divided randomly into control group, sawing group and drilling hole group, with 20 rats in each group. Animals of drilling hole group were treated with hone drill and made an 1 mm hole on tibial plateau animals of sawing group were treated with saw and made an 3 mm defection on tibial plateau; nothing to do in animals of control group. The rats were respectively killed at 2nd, 4th weeks after operation, bone density, bone ash quantity, contents of bone Ca, P were detected.
At the 2nd week after operation, bone density, bone ash quantity, contents of bone Ca, P in drilling hole group and sawing group were significantly lower than that of the control group (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). Two animal models of drilling hole group and sawing group were similar in X-ray films and pathology investigations. At the 4th week after operation, there were no significant defference in bone density and bone ash quantity among three groups (P > 0.05). Rats of sawing group showed more poroma and inflammatory infiltration in histological examination.
Drilling hole method and sawing method could be used to make animal model of defection fracture, two methods showed similar damage degree, healing time and healing process, hut drilling hole method have advantages of simple operation, easily control damage degree and less inflammatory infiltration and bone disunion.
No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · Zhongguo gu shang = China journal of orthopaedics and traumatology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the influence of aqueous extract of Aralia echinocaulis Hand.-Mazz on the expression of fracture healing-ralated factor receptors.
Single factor model was set up in SD rat. Selecting 14 and 28 days in the experiment. Immunohistochemistry was employed to determine the expression of Fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2), Fms-like tyrosine kinase (Flt-1) and Fetal licer kinase (Flk-1) at 14 and 28 days after model establishing.
The expression of Flt-1 and Flk-1 at 14 days (the latter was more remarkable) were obviously promoted in High dose group of aqueous extract of Aralia echinocaulis Hand.-Mazz, and higher than that in normal group and model group. The expression of FGFR2 in the high dose group of Aralia echinocaulis Hand -Mazz was also promoted visibility, close to that in the compare group (traditional Chinese medicine), but higher than than in the model group. There was no significant difference among them. At 28 days, the expression of FGFR2, Flt-1 and Flk-1 in all groups decreased except normal group, and got higher expression in model groups than each control groups.
Aqueous extract of Aralia echinocaulis Hand.-Mazz can promote angiogenesis in fracture healing, improve the activity and aggregation of fibroblasts, osteoblasts and chondrocytes. It also helps to quicken ossification in the cartilage and promote fracture healing.
No preview · Article · Sep 2011 · Zhongguo gu shang = China journal of orthopaedics and traumatology