[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Meckel's diverticulum (MD) has various clinical manifestations, and diagnosis or selectection of proper diagnostic tools is not easy. This study was conducted in order to assess the clinical differences of MD diagnosed by scintigraphic and non-scintigraphic methods and to find the proper diagnostic tools.
We conducted a retrospective review ofthe clinical, surgical, radiologic, and pathologic findings of 34 children with symptomatic MD, who were admitted to Gachon University Gil Medical Center, Inha University Hospital, and The Catholic University of Korea, Incheon St. Mary's Hospital between January 2000 and December 2012. The patients were evaluated according to scintigraphic (12 cases; group 1) and non-scintigraphic (22 cases; group 2) diagnosis.
The male to female ratio was 7.5 : 1. The most frequent chief complaint was lower gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding in group 1 and nonspecific abdominal pain in group 2, respectively. The most frequent pre-operative diagnosis was MD in both groups. Red blood cell (RBC) index was significantly lower in group 1. MD was located at 7 cm to 85 cm from the ileocecal valve. Four patients in group 1 had ectopic gastric tissues causing lower GI bleeding. The most frequent treatment modality was diverticulectomy in group 1 and ileal resection in group 2, respectively.
To diagnose MD might be delayed unless proper diagnostic tools are considered. It is important to understand indications of scintigraphic and non-scintigraphic methods according to clinical and hematologic features of MD. Scintigraphy would be weighed in patients with anemia as well as GI symptoms.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We reviewed retrospectively our experiences with children with intractable epilepsy who were indicated for a modified Atkins diet (MAD).
Twenty children (8 female, 12 male) who were aged 2-17 years with intractable epilepsy and tried the MAD between September 2008 and December 2010 were enrolled. Outcome measures included seizure frequency, adverse reactions and tolerability of the diet.
Finally 9 patients maintained the MAD with favorable seizure outcomes (a reduction of seizure frequency by over 50%) or successfully completed the diet therapy. Two patients who required a long-term trial of the diet therapy respectively due to Leigh's syndrome and uncategorized mitochondrial cytopathy derived from cytochrome c oxidase defect, respectively, successfully maintained the diet treatment without any significant complications. In 7 patients, the ketogenic diet (KD) was not only effective but also too restrictive or caused serious unwanted events. Five of them maintained the seizure outcome previously achieved by the KD with the MAD. Ten patients began the MAD because they were reluctant to start the KD. Unfortunately, only 2 patients maintained the MAD with favorable seizure outcomes. One patient who chose the MAD to bridge the KD and complete discontinuation of the treatment successfully completed the diet therapy.
A long-term treatment with the MAD was well tolerated. Moreover, the MAD can successfully substitute the classic KD in patients who showed improvement in seizure outcomes by the KD but could not tolerate it.
No preview · Article · Oct 2011 · Brain & development