Bianca Ueberberg

Hannover Medical School, Hanover, Lower Saxony, Germany

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Publications (20)57.5 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Respiratory tract infections are common in patients suffering from pulmonary fibrosis. The interplay between bacterial infection and fibrosis is characterised poorly. To assess the effect of Gram-positive bacterial infection on fibrosis exacerbation in mice. Fibrosis progression in response to Streptococcus pneumoniae was examined in two different mouse models of pulmonary fibrosis. We demonstrate that wild-type mice exposed to adenoviral vector delivery of active transforming growth factor-β1 (TGFß1) or diphteria toxin (DT) treatment of transgenic mice expressing the DT receptor (DTR) under control of the surfactant protein C (SPC) promoter (SPC-DTR) to induce pulmonary fibrosis developed progressive fibrosis following infection with Spn, without exhibiting impaired lung protective immunity against Spn. Antibiotic treatment abolished infection-induced fibrosis progression. The cytotoxin pneumolysin (Ply) of Spn caused this phenomenon in a TLR4-independent manner, as Spn lacking Ply (SpnΔply) failed to trigger progressive fibrogenesis, whereas purified recombinant Ply did. Progressive fibrogenesis was also observed in AdTGFβ1-exposed Ply-challenged TLR4 KO mice. Increased apoptotic cell death of alveolar epithelial cells along with an attenuated intrapulmonary release of antifibrogenic prostaglandin E2 was found to underlie progressive fibrogenesis in Ply-challenged AdTGFβ1-exposed mice. Importantly, vaccination of mice with the non-cytotoxic Ply derivative B (PdB) substantially attenuated Ply-induced progression of lung fibrosis in AdTGFβ1-exposed mice. Our data unravel a novel mechanism by which infection with Spn through Ply release induces progression of established lung fibrosis, which can be attenuated by protein-based vaccination of mice. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to
    No preview · Article · May 2015 · Thorax
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    Bianca Ueberberg · Malte Kohns · Ertan Mayatepek · Marc Jacobsen
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    ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are crucial regulators of human immunity e.g. against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Against the background of still alarming high mortality of tuberculosis effective biomarkers to improve diagnosis of M. tuberculosis infection and successful treatment are of major importance. This review summarizes recent surrogate tissue studies for identification of miRNA biomarker candidates in human tuberculosis with a special focus on reproducibility and conformance. In addition we provide assistance for the design of biomarker studies to circumvent major pitfalls.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Preceding studies have indicated that aberrant expression levels rather than genetic changes of GADD45γ, MEG3, and p8 gene might play a role in the pathogenesis of pituitary adenomas. We analysed their expression in various normal human tissues and in different pituitary tumour types, and investigated GADD45γ mutations in a subset of adenomas. Absolute quantification by real-time RT-PCR was performed in 24 normal tissues as well as in 34 nonfunctioning, 24 somatotroph, 12 corticotroph adenomas, 4 prolactinomas, 1 FSHoma, and in 6 normal pituitaries. Furthermore, we investigated the relationship between clinical data and gene expression. A subset was screened for GADD45γ mutations by single strand conformation polymorphism analysis (SSCP) and sequencing. All normal human tissues expressed GADD45γ, MEG3, and p8 mRNA. For GADD45γ, significantly lower expression levels were found in nonfunctioning adenomas compared with normal pituitary and somatotroph adenomas. P8 and MEG3 mRNA levels were significantly lower in nonfunctioning and corticotroph adenomas compared with normal pituitary. Expression of GADD45γ was significantly higher in pituitary adenomas of female patients. No mutation was found in the GADD45γ gene. GADD45γ, MEG3, and p8 appear to have physiological functions in a variety of human tissues. GADD45γ, MEG3, and P8 may be involved in the pathogenesis of nonfunctioning and corticotroph pituitary tumours. Female gender seems to predispose to slightly higher GADD45γ expression in pituitary adenomas. Mutations of the GADD45γ are unlikely to be involved in the pathogenesis of pituitary adenomas.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2014 · Hormone and Metabolic Research
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    ABSTRACT: IFN-γ is crucial for protection against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. miR-29 was recently shown to non-redundantly inhibit IFN-γ. Here, we investigated IFN-γ and miR-29a expression dynamics of CD4+ T cells from patients during active tuberculosis (TB) (n = 32) and in household contacts who were latently M. tuberculosis infected (n = 19) from Ghana. Whereas M. tuberculosis-specific IFN-γ expression was similar during TB chemotherapy, superantigen stimulation indicated generally impaired IFN-γ expression in TB patients. No interdependency between miR-29a and IFN-γ expression of T cells was observed. However, miR-29a was differentially expressed in T cells during chemotherapy. We concluded that differential miR-29a expression in active TB was not causative for impaired IFN-γ expression.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2014 · International Immunology
  • D. Schramm · V. Nkwouano · M. Steindor · B. Ueberberg · M. Jacobsen

    No preview · Article · Jun 2014
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    Full-text · Article · Apr 2014 · International Journal of Infectious Diseases
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    ABSTRACT: FMS-like tyrosine kinase-3 ligand (Flt3L) is a dendritic cell (DC) growth and differentiation factor with potential in antitumor therapies and antibacterial immunization strategies. However, the effect of systemic Flt3L treatment on lung-protective immunity against bacterial infection is incompletely defined. Here, we examined the impact of deficient (in Flt3L knockout [KO] mice), normal (in wild-type [WT] mice), or increased Flt3L availability (in WT mice pretreated with Flt3L for 3, 5, or 7 days) on lung DC subset profiles and lung-protective immunity against the major lung-tropic pathogen, Streptococcus pneumoniae. Although in Flt3L-deficient mice the numbers of DCs positive for CD11b (CD11bpos DCs) and for CD103 (CD103pos DCs) were diminished, lung permeability, a marker of injury, was unaltered in response to S. pneumoniae. In contrast, WT mice pretreated with Flt3L particularly responded with increased numbers of CD11bpos DCs and with less pronounced numbers of CD103pos DCs and impaired bacterial clearance and with increased lung permeability following S. pneumoniae challenge. Notably, infection of Flt3L-pretreated mice with S. pneumoniae lacking the pore-forming toxin, pneumolysin (PLY), resulted in substantially less lung CD11bpos DCs activation and reduced lung permeability. Collectively, this study establishes that Flt3L treatment enhances the accumulation of proinflammatory activated lung CD11bpos DCs which contribute to acute lung injury in response to PLY released by S. pneumoniae.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2012 · Infection and Immunity
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    ABSTRACT: Apoptotic death of alveolar macrophages observed during lung infection with Streptococcus pneumoniae is thought to limit overwhelming lung inflammation in response to bacterial challenge. However, the underlying apoptotic death mechanism has not been defined. Here, we examined the role of the TNF superfamily member TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) in S. pneumoniae-induced macrophage apoptosis, and investigated the potential benefit of TRAIL-based therapy during pneumococcal pneumonia in mice. Compared with WT mice, Trail(-/-) mice demonstrated significantly decreased lung bacterial clearance and survival in response to S. pneumoniae, which was accompanied by significantly reduced apoptosis and caspase 3 cleavage but rather increased necrosis in alveolar macrophages. In WT mice, neutrophils were identified as a major source of intraalveolar released TRAIL, and their depletion led to a shift from apoptosis toward necrosis as the dominant mechanism of alveolar macrophage cell death in pneumococcal pneumonia. Therapeutic application of TRAIL or agonistic anti-DR5 mAb (MD5-1) dramatically improved survival of S. pneumoniae-infected WT mice. Most importantly, neutropenic mice lacking neutrophil-derived TRAIL were protected from lethal pneumonia by MD5-1 therapy. We have identified a previously unrecognized mechanism by which neutrophil-derived TRAIL induces apoptosis of DR5-expressing macrophages, thus promoting early bacterial killing in pneumococcal pneumonia. TRAIL-based therapy in neutropenic hosts may represent a novel antibacterial treatment option.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2012 · Journal of Experimental Medicine
  • N Unger · B Ueberberg · S Schulz · W Saeger · K Mann · S Petersenn
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    ABSTRACT: 5 human somatostatin receptor subtypes (sst1-5) mediate the antisecretory and antiproliferative effects of somatostatin.We examined somatostatin receptor protein expression in 28 human normal tissues. Immunostaining was performed with specific polyclonal antibodies for sst1-5. Staining pattern and distribution of ssts were evaluated.Anterior pituitary was positively stained for all 5 ssts. Pancreatic islets exhibited a positive staining for sst1-3 and sst5. Adrenal cortex expressed all 5 receptor subtypes, while the medulla was positive for sst3 and sst5 only. The thyroid expressed sst5 only, limited to single interfollicular cells. All 5 ssts were detected in the ovary, limited to luteinized granulosa cells of the corpus luteum. In the testis, sst2A was detected in the basal parts of the tubules, while sst5 was positively stained in the luminal parts. Sst1 was found in Leydig cells only. Stomach was positively stained for all 5 ssts. Investigation of the kidney revealed differential expression, with sst2A being found in the glomerules. The tubules expressed all 5 ssts. In the bone marrow cells of the granulocytopoiesis expressed sst2A only. The cerebellum expressed sst5 in a certain cell type, representing presumably Purkinje cells, while sst2A was stained in intercellular fibers.The expression of somatostatin receptor subtypes in a variety of human normal tissues may indicate a physiological role in these organs. Somatostatin analogues may offer new diagnostic and therapeutic implications for tumours related to these tissues. However, treatment of defined tumours with somatostatin analogues may also alter other normal tissues.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2012 · Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
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    ABSTRACT: The role of macrophage-inducible C-type lectin Mincle in lung innate immunity against mycobacterial infection is incompletely defined. In this study, we show that wild-type (WT) mice responded with a delayed Mincle induction on resident alveolar macrophages and newly immigrating exudate macrophages to infection with Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), peaking by days 14-21 posttreatment. As compared with WT mice, Mincle knockout (KO) mice exhibited decreased proinflammatory mediator responses and leukocyte recruitment upon M. bovis BCG challenge, and they demonstrated increased mycobacterial loads in pulmonary and extrapulmonary organ systems. Secondary mycobacterial infection on day 14 after primary BCG challenge led to increased cytokine gene expression in sorted alveolar macrophages of WT mice, but not Mincle KO mice, resulting in substantially reduced alveolar neutrophil recruitment and increased mycobacterial loads in the lungs of Mincle KO mice. Collectively, these data show that WT mice respond with a relatively late Mincle expression on lung sentinel cells to M. bovis BCG infection. Moreover, M. bovis BCG-induced upregulation of C-type lectin Mincle on professional phagocytes critically shapes antimycobacterial responses in both pulmonary and extrapulmonary organ systems of mice, which may be important for elucidating the role of Mincle in the control of mycobacterial dissemination in mice.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2012 · The Journal of Immunology

  • No preview · Conference Paper · May 2012
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    ABSTRACT: Although the prognosis of differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) is excellent, with 10-year survival rates of about 90%, about one-third of patients experiences recurrent disease. We aimed to identify novel histological prognostic factors to optimize treatment and follow-up of patients at risks. Retrospective analysis of patients diagnosed from January 1990 to March 2004. A total of 93 patients diagnosed with DTC of which 67 with papillary and 26 with follicular histology. Analysis of immunohistochemical expression of somatostatin receptor (sst) subtypes 1-5, glucose transporter-1 (GLUT-1), receptor tyrosine kinase c-KIT, oestrogen and progesterone receptors, and proliferation marker Ki-67 and correlation with the patients' clinical outcome. DTC showed immunohistochemical expression of GLUT-1, C-KIT and progesterone receptor in a high percentage of cases (range: 57-80%). In contrast, the oestrogen receptor as well as the sst subtypes 1-5 was less frequently detected (range: 15-29%). Mean staining of the proliferation marker Ki-67 was 6% positive cells (range 0-20%). Ki-67 expression was significantly associated with tumour staging (ρ = 0·2076, P = 0·0459), whereas the other histopathological markers were not associated with gender, age, tumour entity, or tumour classification. Tumour staging and expression of Ki-67, oestrogen receptor and sst2, but of none of the other histopathological factors, independently predicted the clinical outcome 5 years after definitive treatment (P < 0·0001, P < 0·0001, P = 0·0004 and P = 0·0206, respectively). In patients with DTC, Ki-67 expression associates with tumour staging and clinical outcome.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2012 · Clinical Endocrinology
  • K Steinwede · R Maus · J Bohling · B Ueberberg · T Welte · UA Maus

    No preview · Article · Dec 2011 · Pneumologie
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    ABSTRACT: The growth factor GM-CSF has an important role in pulmonary surfactant metabolism and the regulation of antibacterial activities of lung sentinel cells. However, the potential of intra-alveolar GM-CSF to augment lung protective immunity against inhaled bacterial pathogens has not been defined in preclinical infection models. We hypothesized that transient overexpression of GM-CSF in the lungs of mice by adenoviral gene transfer (Ad-GM-CSF) would protect mice from subsequent lethal pneumococcal pneumonia. Our data show that intra-alveolar delivery of Ad-GM-CSF led to sustained increased pSTAT5 expression and PU.1 protein expression in alveolar macrophages during a 28-d observation period. Pulmonary Ad-GM-CSF delivery 2-4 wk prior to infection of mice with Streptococcus pneumoniae significantly reduced mortality rates relative to control vector-treated mice. This increased survival was accompanied by increased inducible NO synthase expression, antibacterial activity, and a significant reduction in caspase-3-dependent apoptosis and secondary necrosis of lung sentinel cells. Importantly, therapeutic treatment of mice with rGM-CSF improved lung protective immunity and accelerated bacterial clearance after pneumococcal challenge. We conclude that prophylactic delivery of GM-CSF triggers long-lasting immunostimulatory effects in the lung in vivo and rescues mice from lethal pneumococcal pneumonia by improving antibacterial immunity. These data support use of novel antibiotic-independent immunostimulatory therapies to protect patients against bacterial pneumonias.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2011 · The Journal of Immunology
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    ABSTRACT: In the absence of preoperative somatostatin receptor ( SST) scans, knowledge of immunohistochemical SST2 tumor expression may help predicting the success of somatostatin analogue-based follow-up studies and treatment of neuroendocrine tumors (NET). We studied the association between SST immunostaining and tracer uptake in [(111)In]-DTPA octreotide (DTPAOC) scintigraphy and [(68)Ga]-DOTA-D-Phe(1)-Tyr(3)-octreotide (DOTATOC) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT). Retrospective analy-sis of 36 NET patients was carried out. In 40 tumors, immunohistochemical SST2, SST3, and SST5 expressions were analyzed using a pathological scoring, applying monoclonal ( SST2) or polyclonal antibodies (SST3, SST5). In 14 lesions, [(111)In]-DTPAOC uptake was assessed by a semiquantitative score. In 26 tumors, [(68)Ga]-DOTATOC PET/CT was quantified using an uptake score and maximal standard uptake value (SUV(max)). Combined and separate qualitative analysis of SST scans revealed significant associations between increased tracer uptake and immunohistochemical SST2 detection (combined: rho=0.56, p=0.0002, [(111)In]-DTPAOC: rho=0.63, p=0.0152, and [(68)Ga]-DOTATOC: rho=0.52, p=0.0065, respectively). In contrast, SST3 and SST5 immunostaining was not associated with tracer uptake (all p>0.14). The semiquantitative immunohistochemical score for SST2 was associated with the [(68)Ga]-DOTATOC uptake score and SUV (max) values (rho=0.67, p=0.0002 and rho=0.63, p=0.0010, respectively), but not with the [(111)In]-DTPAOC uptake score (rho=0.24, p=0.4). In patients without preoperative SST scans, knowledge of immunohistochemical SST2 expression may help estimating the value of SST imaging in the clinical follow-up, in particular in those lesions with positive SST2 immunostaining. Negativity for SST2, however, does not rule out tracer uptake in some patients, with heterogeneous SST2 expression within the tumor as a potential explanation.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2010 · Hormone and Metabolic Research
  • B Ueberberg · N Unger · W Saeger · K Mann · S Petersenn
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    ABSTRACT: Ghrelin is a peptide thought to be involved in the regulation of appetite. Furthermore, significant effects on the release of growth hormone (GH) and ACTH were demonstrated. Contributing to the physiological relevance of this hormone, we investigated the expression of ghrelin and its receptor (GHS-R) in several normal human tissues. RNA samples (BD Biosciences) underwent one-step TaqMan Real-Time RT-PCR. Immunohistochemistry was performed on paraffin-embedded tissues using specific primary antibodies against ghrelin and its receptor. Relevant ghrelin mRNA levels were detected in all human tissues with the highest levels in stomach, pituitary, and small intestine. By immunohistochemistry, ghrelin peptide expression was detectable in reproductive and endocrine organs (ovary, anterior pituitary, adrenal gland), and organs of the gastrointestinal tract (stomach, pancreas). GHS-R1a mRNA expression was demonstrated in 10 of 24 human organs analyzed with the highest levels in pituitary, adrenal gland, and spinal cord. Expression of the receptor peptide was detected by immunohistochemistry in endocrine and reproductive organs (anterior pituitary, thyroid, pancreas, testis), parts of the CNS (cerebrum, cerebellum), and in single cells of bone marrow. Expression of both ghrelin and its receptor in endocrine and reproductive organs may indicate new endocrine or paracrine mechanisms of regulation in these tissues.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2009 · Hormone and Metabolic Research
  • B Ueberberg · N Unger · S Y Sheu · M K Walz · K W Schmid · W Saeger · K Mann · S Petersenn
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    ABSTRACT: Ghrelin is a newly characterized, widely distributed peptide thought to be involved in the regulation of appetite. Significant effects on the release of growth hormone (GH) and ACTH have been demonstrated. This study compares the expression of ghrelin and its receptor (GHS-R) in various adrenal tumors and normal adrenal gland. Normal adrenal tissue was obtained after autopsy. Tissue was obtained from 13 pheochromocytomas (PHEOs), 15 cortisol-secreting adenomas (CPAs), 12 aldosterone-secreting adenomas (APAs), and 16 nonfunctional adenomas (NFAs) following laparoscopic surgery. Expression of ghrelin and GHS-R1a was investigated on RNA levels by using real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and on protein levels by using immunohistochemistry. In the seven normal adrenal glands analyzed, ghrelin mRNA levels were 12-fold lower than in stomach. Ghrelin protein expression was confirmed by immunohistochemistry. In all adrenal tumors, relevant levels of ghrelin mRNA were observed, with significantly lower expression in PHEOs and APAs than in normal adrenal gland. Ghrelin protein was detected in 0% of PHEOs, 55% of APAs, 87% of CPAs, and 54% of NFAs. GHS-R1a mRNA expression was detectable in normal adrenal gland, but the receptor protein was absent. In adrenal tumors, detectable levels of receptor mRNA were found in 38% of PHEOs, 13% of CPAs, and 25% of NFAs. GHS-R1a protein was absent in the majority of adrenal tumors. Expression of ghrelin in normal adrenal gland and adrenal tumors may indicate some unknown physiological function. The pathophysiological relevance of ghrelin expression in adrenal tumors remains to be investigated.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2008 · Hormone and Metabolic Research
  • B Ueberberg · MK Walz · R Tischka · K Mann · S Petersenn

    No preview · Article · Jan 2007 · Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
  • B Ueberberg · H Tourne · A Redmann · A Redman · M K Walz · K W Schmid · K Mann · S Petersenn
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    ABSTRACT: Somatostatin (SRIF) is a widely distributed peptide with growth-inhibiting effects in various tumors. So far, five distinct human SRIF receptor subtypes (sst1-sst5) have been identified. We investigated expression of the five ssts in various adrenal tumors and in normal adrenal gland. Tissue was obtained from ten pheochromocytomas (PHEOs), nine cortisol-secreting adenomas (CPAs), eleven aldosterone secreting adenomas (APAs) and eight non-functional adenomas (NFAs) after retroperitoneoscopic surgery, and used for RNA extraction. Adrenal tissue surrounding the tumor was available for analysis in twenty-seven cases. Receptor expression was studied by RT-PCR using sst-specific primers and subsequently confirmed by Southern blotting. Expression of all five receptor subtypes was observed in RNA obtained from normal adrenal gland. Furthermore, each receptor subtype was expressed in more than 50 % of all tumors analyzed. No sst5 expression was found in PHEOs, while sst1 was present in nearly all of these tumors. Only a few of the CPAs expressed subtypes sst1 and sst4. Expression of all five subtypes was distributed equally in APAs. No sst4 was found in any of the NFAs. Differential expression of ssts in various adrenal tumors may point to new aspects in the pathogenesis of these adenomas. Furthermore, the presence of specific ssts could expand the diagnostic and therapeutic strategies during management. New subtype specific analogues of SRIF may be used in the future depending on the type of adrenal tumor and receptor subtype expressed.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2006 · Hormone and Metabolic Research

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2004 · Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes

Publication Stats

248 Citations
57.50 Total Impact Points


  • 2011-2015
    • Hannover Medical School
      • Clinic for Pneumology
      Hanover, Lower Saxony, Germany
  • 2014
    • Universitätsklinikum Düsseldorf
      Düsseldorf, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 2008-2012
    • University of Duisburg-Essen
      • Faculty of Medicine
      Essen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 2006
    • University Hospital Essen
      Essen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany