I-Wei Chang

I-Shou University, Kao-hsiung-shih, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

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Publications (9)26.43 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background: Neoadjuvant concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) followed by surgery is the mainstay of treatment for locally advanced rectal cancer. Several heparin-binding associated proteins have been reported to play a critical role in cancer progression. However, the clinical relevancies of such proteins and their associations with CCRT response in rectal cancer have not yet to be fully elucidated. Methods: The analysis of a public transcriptome of rectal cancer indicated that thrombospondin 2 (THBS2) is a predictive factor for CCRT response. Immunohistochemical analyses were conducted to evaluate the expression of THBS2 in pretreatment biopsy specimens from rectal cancer patients without distant metastasis. Furthermore, the relationships between THBS2 expression and various clinicopathological factors or survival were analyzed. Results: Low expression of THBS2 was significantly associated with advanced pretreatment tumor (P<0.001) and nodal status (P=0.004), post-treatment tumor (P<0.001) and nodal status (P<0.001), increased vascular invasion (P=0.003), increased perineural invasion (P=0.023) and inferior tumor regression grade (P=0.015). In univariate analysis, low THBS2 expression predicted worse outcomes for disease-free survival, local recurrence-free survival and metastasis-free survival (all P<0.001). In multivariate analysis, low expression of THBS2 still served as a negative prognostic factor for disease-free survival (Hazard ratio=3.057, P=0.002) and metastasis-free survival (Hazard ratio=3.362, P=0.012). Conclusion: Low THBS2 expression was correlated with advanced disease status and low tumor regression after preoperative CCRT and that it acted as an independent negative prognostic factor in rectal cancer. THBS2 may represent a predictive biomarker for CCRT response in rectal cancer.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · American Journal of Translational Research
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    ABSTRACT: By data mining from published transcriptomic databases, we identified RAP2A as a significantly upregulated gene in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) tissues. RAP2A, a member of the RAS oncogene family, is involved in the process of GTP binding and GTPase activity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of RAP2A and its prognostic impact in patients with early and locoregionally advanced NPC. RAP2A immunohistochemistry was performed for 124 NPC patients who were receiving standard treatment and had no initial distal metastasis. We also performed Western blotting to evaluate the endogenous protein expression of RAP2A in NPC cells and non-neoplastic mucosal cells. The result of RAP2A expression was further correlated with clinicopathological variables, disease-specific survival (DSS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMeFS), and local recurrence-free survival (LRFS). High expression of RAP2A was significantly associated with advanced primary tumor status (P = 0.024) and advanced TNM stage (P = 0.006). In univariate analysis, high expression of RAP2A served as a significant prognostic factor for inferior DSS (P < 0.0001), DMeFS (P < 0.0001), and LRFS (P < 0.0001). In multivariate analysis, RAP2A overexpression still independently predicted worse DSS (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.976, P < 0.001), DMeFS (HR = 4.233, P < 0.001), and LRFS (HR = 4.156, P < 0.001). Moreover, Both HONE1 and TW01 NPC cells, but not non-neoplastic DOK cells demonstrated significantly increased RAP2A expression. Overexpression of RAP2A is associated with advanced disease status and may therefore be an important prognosticator for poor outcomes in NPC, as well as a potential therapeutic target to aid in developing effective treatment modalities.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · American Journal of Translational Research
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    ABSTRACT: Amino acid biosynthesis is one of the cardinal events of carcinogenesis that has not been investigated in urothelial carcinoma (UC). By data mining a published transcriptomic database of UCs of urinary bladder (UBUCs) (GSE31684), we identified branched-chain amino acid transaminase 1 (BCAT1) as the most significantly stepwise upregulated gene during tumor progression among those associated with amino acid biosynthetic process (GO:0008652). Accordingly, we analyzed BCAT1 transcript and protein expression with their clinicopathological significance. We used real time RT-PCR to detect BCAT1 transcript levels in 20 UCs of upper tract (UTUCs) and 20 UBUCs, respectively. Immunohistochemical study was performed to determine BCAT1 protein expression in 340 UTUCs and 295 UBUCs. Higher BCAT1 transcript levels were associated with higher pT status in both groups (p<0.05). BCAT1 protein overexpression was also significantly associated with adverse clinicopathological features, e.g., advanced pT stage, nodal metastasis, high pathological grade and etc. (p<0.05). BCAT1 overexpression predicted worse disease-specific survival and metastasis-free survival in both univariate and multivariate analyses (p≤0.001). BCAT1 overexpression is associated with advanced tumor status, and implies adverse clinical outcomes of UCs, suggesting its role in tumor progression and could serve as a prognostic biomarker and a novel therapeutic target in UC. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Histopathology
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    ABSTRACT: Neoadjuvant concurrent chemoradiotherapy has been widely used for rectal cancer to improve local tumor control. The varied response of individual tumors encouraged us to search for useful biomarkers to predict the therapeutic response. The study was aimed to evaluate the prognostic impact of lipid biosynthesis-associated biomarkers in rectal cancer patients treated with preoperative chemoradiotherapy. Through analysis of the previously published gene expression profiling database focusing on genes associated with lipid biosynthesis, we found that HSD17B2 and HMGCS2 were the top two significantly upregulated genes in the non-responders. We further evaluated their expression by immunohistochemistry in the pre-treatment tumor specimens from 172 patients with rectal cancer and statistically analyzed the associations between their expression and various clinicopathological factors, as well as survival. High expression of HMGCS2 or HSD17B2 was significantly associated with advanced pre- and post-treatment tumor or nodal status (P < 0.001) and lower tumor regression grade (P < 0.001). More importantly, high expression of either HMGCS2 or HSD17B2 was of prognostic significance, with HMGCS2 overexpression indicating poor prognosis for disease-free survival (P = 0.0003), local recurrence-free survival (P = 0.0115), and metastasis-free survival (P = 0.0119), while HSD17B2 overexpression was associated with poor prognosis for disease-free survival (P <0.0001), local recurrence-free survival (P = 0.0009), and metastasis-free survival (P < 0.0001). In multivariate analysis, only HSD17B2 overexpression remained as an independent prognosticator for shorter disease-free survival (P < 0.001) and metastasis-free survival (P = 0.008). In conclusion, high expression of either HSD17B2 or HMGCS2 predicted poor susceptibility of rectal cancer to preoperative chemoradiotherapy. Both acted as promising prognostic factors, particularly HSD17B2.
    No preview · Article · May 2015 · Tumor Biology
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    ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress is believed to be one of the important etiologies in carcinogenesis that has not been systemically investigated in urothelial carcinoma (UC). Through data mining from a published transcriptomic database of UC of urinary bladders (UBUCs) (GSE31684), glutathione peroxidase 2 (GPX2) was identified as the most significant downregulated gene among those response to oxidative stress (GO:0006979). We therefore analyze GPX2 transcript and protein expressions and its clinicopathological significance. Real-time RT-PCR assay was used to detect GPX2 mRNA level in 20 fresh UBUC specimens. Immunohistochemistry was used to determine GPX2 protein expression in 340 urothelial carcinomas of upper tracts (UTUCs) and 295 UBUCs with mean/median follow-up of 44.7/38.9 and 30.8/23.1 months, respectively. Its expression status was further correlated with clinicopathological features and evaluated for its impact on disease-specific survival and metastasis-free survival (MeFS). Decrease in GPX2 transcript level was associated with both higher pT and positive nodal status in 20 UBUCs (all p < 0.05). GPX2 protein underexpression was also significantly associated with advanced pT status, nodal metastasis, high histological grade, vascular invasion, and frequent mitoses in both groups of UCs (all p < 0.05). GPX2 underexpression not only predicted dismal DDS and MeFS at univariate analysis, but also implicated worse DDS (UTUC, p = 0.002; UBUC, p = 0.029) and MeFS (UTUC, p = 0.001; UBUC, p = 0.032) in multivariate analysis. GPX2 underexpression is associated with advanced tumor status and implicated unfavorable clinical outcome of UCs, suggesting its role in tumor progression and may serve as a theranostic biomarker of UCs.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · World Journal of Urology
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    ABSTRACT: Genes associated with protein folding have been found to have certain prognostic significance in a subset of cancers. The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical impact of DNAJC12 expression in patients with rectal cancers receiving neoadjuvant concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) followed by surgery. Through data mining from a public transcriptomic dataset of rectal cancer focusing on genes associated with protein folding, we found DNAJC12, a member of the HSP40/DNAJ family, was the most significant such gene correlated with the CCRT response. We further evaluated the expression of DNAJC12 by immunohistochemistry in the pre-treatment tumor specimens from 172 patients with rectal cancers. From this set, we statistically analyzed the association of DNAJC12 expression with various clinicopathological factors, tumor regression grade, overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS) and local recurrence-free survival (LRFS). High expression of DNAJC12 was significantly associated with advanced pre- and post-treatment tumor status (P<0.001), advanced pre- and post-treatment nodal status (P<0.001), increased vascular invasion (P=0.015), increased perineural invasion (P=0.023) and lower tumor regression grade (P=0.009). More importantly, high expression of DNAJC12 was found to be correlated with poor prognosis for OS (P=0.0012), DFS (P<0.0001) and LRFS (P=0.0001). In multivariate analysis, DNAJC12 overexpression still emerged as an independent prognosticator for shorter OS (P=0.040), DFS (P<0.001) and LRFS (P=0.016). The data indicate that DNAJC12 overexpression acts as a negative predictive factor for the response to neoadjuvant CCRT and was significantly associated with shorter survival in patients with rectal cancers receiving neoadjuvant CCRT followed by surgery. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Experimental and Molecular Pathology
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    ABSTRACT: Medulloblastoma, a malignant, invasive embryonal tumor of the cerebellum, occurs most often in children. It has high metastatic potential and is usually treated by aggressive multimodal therapy, including surgery, chemotherapy and craniospinal irradiation. Multiple secondary tumors have been reported following craniospinal irradiation. It is rare with the occurrence of oligodendroglioma after irradiation. In this report, we described a patient with secondary oligodendroglioma after postoperative craniospinal irradiation for medulloblastoma.
    No preview · Article · May 2014 · International journal of clinical and experimental pathology
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    ABSTRACT: Despite recent improvements in the diagnosis and treatment, the final outcomes in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinomas (NPC) still remain suboptimal. Through data mining from published transcriptomic database with further bioinformatic validation, fibronectin (FN1) was identified as a differentially upregulated gene in NPC tissues, which implicates the transition from epithelial to mesenchymal phenotype (EMT) and promotes metastasis. Given the roles of fibronectin in risk stratification and in the frontline therapeutics of common carcinomas, such as renal cell cancer, we explored fibronectin immunoexpression status and its associations with clinicopathological variables and survival in a well-defined cohort of NPC patients. Fibronectin immunohistochemistry was retrospectively performed and analyzed using H-score for 124 biopsy specimens from NPC patients who received standard treatment without distant metastasis at initial diagnosis. Those cases with H-score higher than the median value were regarded as fibronectin overexpression. The findings were correlated with clinicopathological variables, EBV latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) expression, disease-specific survival (DSS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), and local recurrence-free survival (LRFS). Fibronectin overexpression was significantly associated with American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stages III-IV (p = 0.019) and LMP1 expression (p = 0.004), and univariately predictive of adverse outcomes for DSS, DMFS, and LRFS (all p < 0.0001). In the multivariate comparison, fibronectin overexpression still remained prognostically independent to portend worse DSS (p < 0.01, hazard ratio = 5.958), DMFS (p < 0.01, hazard ratio = 5.728), and LRFS (p < 0.01, hazard ratio = 5.411) together with advanced AJCC stages III-IV. Fibronectin is upregulated in a subset of NPCs, and its increased immunoexpression significantly correlated with advanced features, justifying the potentiality of fibronectin as a theragnostic biomaker of NPC.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Tumor Biology

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2013 · Pathology International