Yun Cheng

Harbin Veterinary Research Institute, Charbin, Heilongjiang Sheng, China

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Publications (2)3.97 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Marek's disease (MD) is a neoplastic and neurodegenerative disease of chickens, which is caused by the Gallid herpesvirus type 2 (GaHV-2). Although vaccination has been used widely in China, MD still occurs frequently. Some molecular epidemiologic studies have shown that Chinese GaHV-2 isolates seem to constitute a separate clade from strains isolated from other regions. However, more of a genomic background of the Chinese strains is necessary. In 2007, a virulent GaHV-2 field strain, named LMS, was isolated from diseased chicken flocks in the southwest of China. The whole genome sequence of LMS was determined to evaluate its genetic property. The genome of LMS is 177,526 bp long, and 197 open reading frames (ORFs) were predicted. Most of the ORFs have high sequence identity with homologous ORFs of reference strains. Two regions in the LMS genome are grossly different from other strains: the α-like region and the latency-associated transcripts (LATs) promoters. Evolutionary analysis demonstrated that LMS has a larger phylogenetic distance from most American isolated strains but a closer relationship with 648Ap80 and the European pC12/130 strain. The characterised genome of LMS provides further insight into the genetics of the Chinese GaHV-2 field strains, which is useful for the control of MD in China.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2012 · Virus Genes
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    ABSTRACT: The complete DNA sequence of Marek's disease virus (MDV) serotype 1 vaccine strain 814 was determined. It consisted of 172,541 bp, with an overall gene organization identical to that of the MDV-1 type strains. Comparative genomic analysis of vaccine strains (814 and CVI988) and other strains (CU-2, Md5, and Md11) showed that 814 was most similar to CVI988. Several unique insertions, deletions, and substitutions were identified in strain 814. Of note, a 177-bp insertion in the overlapping genes encoding the Meq, RLORF6, and 23-kDa proteins of strain 814 was identified, and a 69-bp deletion was also located in the origin of replication site (Ori) in the gene encoding RLORF12. Compared to the CVI988 vaccine strain, a deletion of 510 bp was identified in the UL36 gene. These analyses identified key mutations in the 814 strain and the vaccine strain that could be exploited for future MDV vaccine design.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2012 · Archives of Virology