Yasuhide Hirata

Yokohama City University, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan

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Publications (7)14.95 Total impact

  • H Ike · Y Inaba · N Kobayashi · Y Yukizawa · Y Hirata · M Tomioka · T Saito
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    ABSTRACT: In this study we used subject-specific finite element analysis to investigate the mechanical effects of rotational acetabular osteotomy (RAO) on the hip joint and analysed the correlation between various radiological measurements and mechanical stress in the hip joint. We evaluated 13 hips in 12 patients (two men and ten women, mean age at surgery 32.0 years; 19 to 46) with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) who were treated by RAO. Subject-specific finite element models were constructed from CT data. The centre-edge (CE) angle, acetabular head index (AHI), acetabular angle and acetabular roof angle (ARA) were measured on anteroposterior pelvic radiographs taken before and after RAO. The relationship between equivalent stress in the hip joint and radiological measurements was analysed. The equivalent stress in the acetabulum decreased from 4.1 MPa (2.7 to 6.5) pre-operatively to 2.8 MPa (1.8 to 3.6) post-operatively (p < 0.01). There was a moderate correlation between equivalent stress in the acetabulum and the radiological measurements: CE angle (R = -0.645, p < 0.01); AHI (R = -0.603, p < 0.01); acetabular angle (R = 0.484, p = 0.02); and ARA (R = 0.572, p < 0.01). The equivalent stress in the acetabulum of patients with DDH decreased after RAO. Correction of the CE angle, AHI and ARA was considered to be important in reducing the mechanical stress in the hip joint. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2015;97-B:492-7. ©2015 The British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Bone and Joint Journal
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    ABSTRACT: 18F-fluoride positron emission tomography (18F-fluoride PET) is a functional imaging modality used primarily to detect increased bone metabolism. Increased 18F-fluoride PET uptake suggests an association between increased bone metabolism and load stress at the subchondral level. This study therefore examined the relationship between equivalent stress distribution calculated by finite element analysis and 18F-fluoride PET uptake in patients with hip osteoarthritis. The study examined 34 hips of 17 patients who presented to our clinic with hip pain, and were diagnosed with osteoarthritis or pre-osteoarthritis. The hips with trauma, infection, or bone metastasis of cancer were excluded. Three-dimensional models of each hip were created from computed tomography data to calculate the maximum equivalent stress by finite element analysis, which was compared with the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) examined by 18F-fluoride PET. The SUVmax and equivalent stress were correlated (Spearman's rank correlation coefficient ρ = 0.752), and higher equivalent stress values were noted in higher SUVmax patients. The correlation between SUVmax and maximum equivalent stress in osteoarthritic hips suggests the possibility that 18F-fluoride PET detect increased bone metabolism at sites of stress concentration. This study demonstrates the correlation between mechanical stress and bone remodeling acceleration in hip osteoarthritis. © 2014 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Journal of Orthopaedic Research
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    ABSTRACT: The mechanism underling bone mineral density (BMD) loss that occurs in the femur after total hip arthroplasty (THA) remains unknown. We compared the equivalent stress and strain energy density (SED) to BMD in the femur after THA using subject-specific finite element analyses. Twenty-four patients who had undergone primary cementless THA were analysed. BMD was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) at 1 week and 3, 6 and 12 months after THA. Seven regions of interest (ROIs) were defined in accordance with Gruen's system (ROIs 1-7). Computed tomography images of the femurs were acquired pre- and postoperatively, and the images were converted into three-dimensional finite element (FE) models. Equivalent stress and SED were analysed and compared with DEXA data. BMD was maintained 1 year after THA in ROIs 3, 4, 5 and 6, whereas BMD decreased in ROIs 1, 2 and 7. FE analysis revealed that equivalent stress in ROIs 3, 4, 5 and 6 was much higher than that in ROIs 1, 2 and 7. A significant correlation was observed between the rate of changes in BMD and equivalent stress. Reduction of equivalent stress may contribute to decrease in BMD in the femur after THA.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2014 · Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
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    ABSTRACT: Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is currently widely used for the diagnosis of infections. We evaluated the time after treatment during which real-time PCR can detect dead bacteria. The presence of bacterial DNA was identified by real-time PCR through methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus (MRS)-PCR and universal PCR. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Escherichia coli were each killed with alcohol, antibiotics, or heat treatment in vitro. The detection periods of MRS-PCR for MRSA treated by alcohol, vancomycin, linezolid, and heat were found to be less than 16, 8, 12, and 8 weeks, respectively. The detection period of universal PCR for S. epidermidis treated by alcohol, cefazolin, and heat was less than 20, 20, and 4 weeks, whereas that for E. coli was 8, 20, and 4 weeks, respectively. The presence of detectable bacterial DNA in infected arthroplasty patients before and after successful treatment was also assessed by MRS- and universal PCR. MRS-PCR was positive in 6 patients before treatment and all became negative after a mean interval of 20.8 weeks (95% confidential interval, 13.2 to 33.7) after treatment. Universal PCR detected remnant bacterial DNA in 4 patients at a mean of 15.2 weeks (95% CI, 12.4 to 18.0) after treatment and was negative in 7 patients at a mean of 17.3 weeks (95% CI, 10.6 to 24.0) after treatment. Our studies revealed that real-time PCR detects dead bacteria for several weeks, but this capability decreases with time and is likely lost by 20 weeks after treatment.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Polish journal of microbiology / Polskie Towarzystwo Mikrobiologów = The Polish Society of Microbiologists
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    ABSTRACT: Leg length discrepancy (LLD) following total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a leading cause of patient dissatisfaction. However, no reports have described the influence of lower limb alignment on LLD after THA. In the present study, we firstly investigated the change in lower limb alignment after THA. Secondly, we determined the influence of lower limb alignment on LLD after THA. Thirdly, we evaluated the influence of LLD in the entire lower leg on the clinical outcomes after THA. We followed up with 54 unilateral hip osteoarthritis (OA) patients 1 year after THA. For the radiological assessment of LLD and lower limb alignment, we obtained anteroposterior radiographs of the pelvis and both lower legs in entirety in a standing position before and 1 year after THA. The Harris Hip Score (HHS), Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), and Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form 36-Item Health Survey (SF-36) were also obtained to assess the clinical outcome. The alignment of the affected leg, which was more valgus than the unaffected leg before THA, tended toward varus after THA, and the discrepancy between the lower limb alignments on both sides decreased. However, the alignment discrepancies that remained after THA influenced the LLD measured on the radiograph of the entire lower leg, and this LLD influenced the clinical outcome as measured by the HHS and the WOMAC score. LLD in the entire lower leg should be corrected for a better clinical outcome after THA.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2013 · Journal of Orthopaedic Science
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    ABSTRACT: Stress shielding after total hip arthroplasty (THA) remains an unsolved issue. Various patterns of mechanical stress appear according to the type of femoral stem used. To compare differences in mechanical stress conditions between Zweymuller type and fit-and-fill type stems, finite element analysis (FEA) was performed. Differences in bone mineral density (BMD) changes in the femur were also compared. Maximum stress was confirmed in Gruen zone 4, whereas zone 1 had the minimum amount of stress with both types of implant. The Zweymuller stem group had less mechanical stress and lower BMD in zone 7 than the fit-and-fill stem group. In conclusion, differences in mechanical stress may be related to changes in BMD after THA.
    No preview · Article · May 2013 · The Journal of arthroplasty
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    ABSTRACT: The preoperative differentiation of aseptic and septic loosening following a total hip arthroplasty (THA) remains a challenging issue for clinicians to which several molecular imaging techniques have been applied. In our current study, we used F-18 fluoride positron emission tomography (PET) to evaluate THA cases with stable, septic or septic loosened implants to assess the possibility of differentiating these clinical settings using a novel uptake-type classification approach. A total of 65 joints were enrolled in this prospective study comprising 27 asymptomatic stable hips (control group), 11 painful hips conservatively treated after THA due to a suspicion of loosening, and 27 painful hips surgically treated after THA. PET imaging was classified into 3 types according to the uptake pattern. The maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) was then measured for each joint. A final diagnosis was made via tissue examinations of surgically treated cases, and by serological and radiographic findings in conservatively treated cases. There were significant differences found between the SUVmax values for the aseptic and septic loosening THA cases. In the diagnosis of infection with type 3 pattern, the sensitivity and specificity were measured at 0.95 and 0.98 for all cases, and 0.95 and 0.88 for surgically treated cases, respectively. The results of our current study demonstrate that F-18 fluoride PET has considerable potential as a method for differentiating septic from aseptic loosening following a THA. The type classification of the uptake pattern can be performed relatively simply, and quantifications using the SUVmax values can then provide an objective evaluation.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2011 · Clinical nuclear medicine