Publications (11)26.56 Total impact
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recent studies have focused on prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) because PGE2 regulates vertebrate hematopoietic stem cell induction and engraftment. PGE2 acts through EP2 and EP4 receptors to mediate regeneration and hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) development via the Wnt signaling pathway. Previously we reported that inhibitors of 15-PGDH can control the intracellular levels of PGE2. Therefore, we developed new potent 15-PGDH inhibitor, 5-(3-bromo-4-phenethoxybenzylidene)thiazolidine-2,4-dione (TD191), with an IC50 of 4nM and tested cell-based wound healing effects. This compound significantly increased the level of PGE2 (451pg/mL) in A549 cells, which was about 7-fold higher than that of control. HaCaT cells exposed to TD191 showed significantly improved wound healing after 48h in scratch wound healing test, whereas treatment of TD191 to the fibroblast Hs27 cells slightly decreased cell growth compared with control. SCL is a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor that is an essential for HSC development. By qPCR, SCL expression in HaCaT cells was 2-fold enhanced after addition of TD191, while treatment of TD191 into fibroblast Hs27 cells was not significantly changed the expression levels of the gene. This data provides in vitro evidence that TD191 may have utility for the therapeutic management of wound healing without scar formation. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We investigated the physicochemical properties, chemical composition, stability and antioxidant activity from seed oil of Salicornia herbaciea grown in Korea. The density, refractive index, acid value, peroxide value, iodine value, saponification value, and unsaponifiable matter of oil were 0.91mg/mL, 1.48 at 20 °C, 1.89mg KOH/g oil, 10.20 mEq/kg oil, 1.08 g I/g oil, 216.21 mg KOH/g oil, and 2.60%, respectively. The major fatty acids were linoleic acid (43.73%), oleic acid (19.81%), arachidic acid (13.52%), and palmitic acid (11.84%), respectively. The oil contained high levels of α-tocopherol (249.2 mg/kg oil), followed by δ-tocopherol (89.3 mg/kg), and γ-tocopherol (75.6 mg/kg oil). The oil was found to have high levels of β-sitosterol (94.5mg/kg oil) and stigmasterol (65.7mg/kg oil), respectively. The total phenol, chlorophyll and β-carotene content of oil was 15.2, 94.5, and 8.2 mg/kg oil, respectively. The oil had good oxidative stability during 60 days of storage in a dark area at 50 °C. The maximum degradation rates of the oil were observed at 242.3 °C (9.5%/min), 382.6 °C (5.2%/min), and 440.7 °C (1.3%/min), respectively, where the rate of the weight decrease increased to a maximum up to this point. The ABTS radical scavenging activity of the oil was increased from 50.2 to 71.8% when the oil concentration extracted by methanol was increased from 100 to 300 μg/mL. This study suggests that S. herbaciea seed oil has potential use in functional foods, cosmetics or pharmaceuticals.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Previously, we reported that the antidiabetic drug ciglitazone and its analogs were potent inhibitors of 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (15-PGDH). In continuing attempts to develop highly potent 15-PGDH inhibitors, a series of thiazolidinedione analogs were synthesized and tested. Compound 17 exhibited IC50 of 45 nM. This compound also significantly increased levels of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in A549 cells by approximately eight-fold that in the control. Much experimental data suggests that PGE2 plays a role in the prevention of excessive scarring. However, it has a very short half-life in blood, its oxidization to 15-ketoprostaglandins is catalyzed by 15-PGDH. Therefore, 15-PGDH inhibitors may have utility for the therapeutic management of diseases requiring elevated PGE2 levels. Scratch wounds were analyzed in confluent monolayers of HaCaT cells. Cells exposed to compound 17 showed significantly improved wound healing with respect to a control.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Excessive scar formation is an aberrant form of wound healing and is an indication of an exaggerated function of fibroblasts and excess accumulation of extracellular matrix during wound healing. Much experimental data suggests that prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) plays a role in the prevention of excessive scarring. However, it has a very short half-live in blood, its oxidization to 15-ketoprostaglandins is catalyzed by 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (15-PGDH). Previously, we reported that 15-PGDH inhibitors significantly increased PGE2 levels in A549 cells. In our continuing attempts to develop highly potent 15-PGDH inhibitors, we newly synthesized various thiazolidine-2,4-dione derivatives. Compound 27, 28, 29, and 30 demonstrated IC50 values of 0.048, 0.020, 0.038 and 0.048μM, respectively. They also increased levels of PGE2 in A549 cells. Especially, compound 28 significantly increased level of PGE2 at 260pg/mL, which was approximately fivefold higher than that of control. Scratch wounds were analyzed in confluent monolayers of HaCaT cells. Cells exposed to compound 28 showed significantly improved wound healing with respect to control.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We investigated the effects of the antioxidant and the nitrite scavenging activities of the extracts from Pleurotus ferulae fruiting body grown on the solid state using corn cob and activated bleaching earth (CCABE media) and its mycelium grown in the liquid state. The total phenol and polysaccharide concentrations in hot water extract of fruiting body were approximately 3.6- and 4.3-fold higher than those of the mycelium. Using the hot water extract of fruiting body, the maximum DPPH radical scavenging activity at 9 mg/mL, hydroxyl radical scavenging activity at 12mg/mL, reducing power at 12 mg/mL, and chelating ability at 12 mg/mL were obtained, 80.5%, 72.4%, 0.99 OD (700 nm), and 77.0%, respectively. However, in the case of hydrogen peroxide scavenging activity, the ethanol extract was the highest, 78.7% at 12 mg/mL. The maximum nitrite scavenging activity was obtained, 89.7% at 6 mg/mL of hot water extract from fruiting body. Hot water extracts were more effective than ethanol extracts in scavenging activity on DPPH radicals and hydroxyl radical scavenging, reducing power, and chelating activity of ferrous, whereas ethanol extracts were more effective in hydrogen peroxide scavenging activity as evidenced by their lower EC50 values. These results indicate that the hot water extract of P. ferulae fruiting body using CCABE media has good potential to be used as a source of materials or additives for oxidation suppressant in food, cosmetics and drug compositions.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The homology model of the wild type alginate lyase (AlyVI) marine bacterium Vibrio sp. protein, was built using the crystal structure of the Family 7 alginate lyase from Sphingomonas sp. A1. To rationalize the observed structure-affinity relationships of aliginate lyase alyVI with its (GGG) substrate, molecular docking, MD imulations and binding free energy calculations followed by site-directed mutagenesis and alyVI activity assays were carried out. Per-residue decomposition of the (GGG) binding energy revealed that the most important contributions were from polar and charged residues, such as Asn138, Arg143, Asn217, and Lys308, while van der Waals interactions were responsible for binding with the catalytic His200 and Tyr312 residues. The mutants H200A, K308A, Y312A, Y312F, and W165A were found to be inactive or almost inactive. However, the catalytic efficiency (k(cat)/K(m)) of the double mutant L224V/D226G increased by two-fold compared to the wild type enzyme. This first structural model with its substrate binding mode and the agreement with experimental results provide a suitable base for the future rational design of new mutated alyVI structures with improved catalytic activity.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: For the development of functional food and cosmetics using the hot water extract of Undaria pinnatifida, the concentrations of vitamin, amino acid and element and activities of antioxidant and nitrite scavenging were investigated. The results are shown as follows: Vitamin C and E concentrations were 0.301 and 0.11 mg/100 g, respectively. Mineral concentrations were an order of Ca > Mg > K > Fe. The concentrations of total amino acids were an order of Glu > Ala > Val > Leu > Gly > Pro. Total phenol concentration and DPPH radical scavenging activity were increased with the increase of the concentration of extract. Especially, when the extract concentrationwas increased from 1.0 to 10.0 mg/mL, the total phenol concentration was increased from 0.043 to 0.125 OD 725 nm. DPPH radical scavenging activity at 50 mg/mL was 70.1%. The antioxidant activity of extract was stable in range of 80 to and pH 3-9. The nitrite scavenging activity was increased with the decreaseof pH and the increase of it's extract concentration. Especially, it was 83.4% at 50 mg/mL (pH 1.2). These results showed that the hot water extract of U. pinnatifida can be applied to functional food and cosmetics.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A marine bacterium was isolated from seawater near the Korean south coast for efficient saccharification from alginate. Based on 16S rDNA sequence, the isolated strain was identified as Pseudoalteromonas agarovorans. Various environmental factors affecting saccharification of alginate using P. agarovorans CHO-12 have been investigated in flask cultures. The optimum concentration of sugar was obtained at 30 rpm and 29 degrees C. Among various NaCl concentrations, when NaCl concentration was increased from 10 to 30 g/l, the cell concentration sharply increased, while there is no increase at above 40 g/l. The maximum sugar concentration was obtained at 13.8 when 30 g/l of NaCl was used. Yeast extract and corn steep liquor were the best nitrogen source for efficient saccharification. Especially, the sugar concentration of 14.9 g/l was obtained after 3 days of culture using a mixture of 1.0 g/l of yeast extract and 1.5 g/l of corn steep liquor. Scale up was carried out at 50 l of reactor for 3 days using P. agarovorans CHO-12 and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia sp. When S. maltophilia was used, cell concentration was about twofold higher than that of P. agarovorans CHO-12. On the other hand, when P. agarovorans CHO-12 was used, the maximum saccharification rate was obtained, 7.5 g/l/day after 2 days of culture, which was about tenfold higher than that of S. maltophilia.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: For effective saccharification from raw seaweed using the enzyme method, various environmental factors affecting the apparent viscosity were investigated. When 0.75% of ascorbic acid was used, the apparent viscosity decreased from 500 to 125cP after 1h of sterilization, and did not decrease after 2h of sterilization. In the case of the raw seaweed without the addition of ascorbic acid, it did not decrease significantly. However, when HCl was used, it decreased from 480 to 389cP after 1h of sterilization, after which it did not decrease. The apparent viscosity of raw seaweed was strongly affected by the ascorbic acid concentration. For instance, when 1.0% ascorbic acid was used, the apparent viscosity was 92cP. On the other hand, no further decrease in apparent viscosity occurred upon increasing the concentration above 1.5%. A scale up of the saccharification of raw seaweed using the new enzyme method was carried out. When the new enzyme method was used for the saccharification, 8.8g/l of sugar was obtained after 6h of reaction, which was about four times higher than that obtained without the addition of the ascorbic acid and liquozyme. In particular, the sugar production rate was 1.6g/l/h, which was about 33 times higher than that of the saccharification using Stenotrophomonas maltophilia. A fed-batch experiment for the saccharification was also carried out, where the sugar concentration reached 27.2g/l after 16h of reaction.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Various environmental factors affecting saccharification from alginate using Stenotrophomonas maltophilia were investigated in flask cultures. The cell concentrations increased from 0.6 to 0.92 optical density (OD) at 660nm when the agitation rate increased from 15 to 90rpm. On the other hand, the maximum concentration of sugar was obtained at 3.8g/l after 4 days of culture at 15rpm. After 3 days of preculture at 33°C, the sugar concentration peaked at 5.0g/l after 5 days of culture. When 10g/l of NaCl was used, the maximum concentration of sugar, 5.3g/l, was obtained after 5 days of culture. Yeast extract and peptone were the best nitrogen source for effective saccharification. Especially, the sugar concentration was 6.1g/l after 5 days of culture using a mixture of 1.0g/l of yeast extract and 1.0g/l of peptone.Under optimum conditions of culture and media, scale-up for effective saccharification from alginate was carried out in 5l flasks. The cell concentration after 2 days of culture was 0.61 OD at 660nm and showed no further increase after 3 days of culture. The sugar concentrations from alginate were increased with increasing culture time to 7.9g/l after 9 days of culture.
Gwangju, Gwangju, South Korea
- • Department of Polymer Science and Engineering
- • Research Center for Resistant Cells
- • Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering