Publications (1)2.67 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: The Oxford classification of IgA nephropathy (IgAN) assesses the presence of mesangial hypercellularity ≥50% (M1 vs. 0), endocapillary proliferation (E1 vs. 0), segmental glomerulosclerosis (S1 vs. 0), tubular atrophy/interstitial fibrosis >25 or 50% (T1 or 2 vs. 0), and has been reported as having prognostic value. We studied the clinical significance of the classification in our adult patients with IgAN. Retrospective study of 54 patients with biopsy-proven IgAN seen from 1983 to 2009. The correlation between the Oxford classification and baseline renal function was assessed. The primary endpoint was a 50% reduction in eGFR or end-stage renal disease. Predictors for progression to the endpoint were determined by multivariate analyses. Patients were 41 ± 15 years of age with a serum creatinine of 1.5 ± 0.8 mg/dl, eGFR of 61 ± 24 ml/min/1.73 m(2), and proteinuria of 2.0 ± 1.6 g/day. Oxford classifications were as follows: M1 = 72%, E1 = 20%, S1 = 81%, and T1 = 13%/T2 = 22%. During the follow-up of 5.8 ± 4.8 years, 19% of patients reached the primary endpoint. While the Oxford classification was associated with progressive renal disease, only the T score (T0, T1, T2) was predictive of outcome with 6, 29, and 50% of patients (p = 0.002) reaching the primary endpoint. The 10-year renal survival for T0, T1, and T2 was 100, 50, and 17%, respectively (p < 0.001). By multivariate analysis, the hazard ratio for reaching the primary endpoint was 32 for patients with T ≥1 versus T0 (p = 0.01). In our experience, the Oxford classification predicts progressive renal disease, but the degree of tubulointerstitial fibrosis was the only feature independently predictive of outcome.
Rush University Medical Center
Chicago, Illinois, United States
- Department of Pathology