[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Gastric atypical epithelium on endoscopic biopsy is borderline lesions between benign and malignant. Definitive management of this lesion remains debatable. AIMS: We aimed to analyze the final histological diagnosis for atypical epithelium on endoscopic biopsy and to examine the discrepancy rate between the final histological diagnosis and the initial endoscopic assessment. METHODS: This retrospective study finally enrolled 24 cases proven atypical epithelium on initial histology of an endoscopic biopsy. Of 24 cases, endoscopic submucosal dissection (n=22), operation (n=1) and follow-up biopsy without endoscopic submucosal dissection (n=1) were performed. RESULTS: Of the 24 cases, early gastric cancer (n=15, 62%) and adenoma (n=7, 30%) lesions were finally diagnosed in 22 cases. Age, sex, endoscopic results and number of biopsy did not significantly influence the result of final outcome. Between the initial endoscopic assessment and the final histological diagnosis, 12 cases (50%) showed a concordant diagnosis, but eight (33%) and four cases (17%) showed upgraded and downgraded diagnoses, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Of atypical epithelium cases, the rate of malignant and premalignant lesions was 92% and it was difficult to distinguish between malignant and benign lesions using the initial endoscopic findings. Therefore, endoscopic submucosal dissection can be considered in patients with atypical epithelium on endoscopic biopsy.
No preview · Article · Mar 2013 · Digestive and Liver Disease
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Little is known about non-cardiac chest pain (NCCP) in young patients. We aimed to examine the proportion of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in young patients with NCCP compared to the average-aged NCCP patients and to evaluate their symptomatic characteristics and the clinical efficacy of a 2-week proton pump inhibitor (PPI) trial.
Ninety-six patients with NCCP≥1/week were classified into the young-aged (≤ 40 years, n =38) and the average-aged groups (>40 years, n=58). Typical reflux symptoms were assessed. The patients were defined into a GERD group and non-GERD group according to reflux esophagitis on esophagogastroduodenoscopy and/or pathologic acid exposure on 24-h esophageal pH monitoring. Then the patients were treated with 30mg of lansoprazole bid for 14 days.
Nine patients (23%) in the young-aged group and 22 patients (38%) in average-aged group were diagnosed with GERD-related NCCP (P=0.144). The proportion of typical reflux symptoms was higher in the GERD group compared with the non-GERD group in both age groups. A PPI test improved symptoms in the GERD group irrespective of age, but this improvement was not observed in non-GERD group.
In young NCCP patients, the prevalence of GERD was relatively low compared to average-aged NCCP, but the difference was insignificant. The PPI test was very effective in diagnosing GERD in the NCCP patients in both age groups. Therefore, in young NCCP patients, if there is a negative response to a 2-week PPI trial, the possibility of extra-esophageal disease origin needs to be considered.
No preview · Article · May 2012 · Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The newly developed i-SCAN application can theoretically maximize the effectiveness of colonoscopy. However, the practical usefulness of the i-SCAN application during screening colonoscopy has not been assessed.
To assess the efficacy of the i-SCAN application during screening colonoscopy.
A prospective, randomized trial that used a modified, back-to-back colonoscopy.
This study involved 389 asymptomatic, consecutive, average-risk patients who underwent screening colonoscopy.
The patients were randomized to the first withdrawal with either conventional high-definition white light (HDWL group; n = 119), i-SCAN contrast/surface enhancement (CE/SE) mode (i-SCAN1 group; n = 115), or i-SCAN CE/SE/tone enhancement-colorectal mode (i-SCAN2 group; n = 118). All patients underwent a second examination with HDWL as the criterion standard.
The primary outcome measurement was the adenoma detection rate and adenoma miss rate. The secondary outcome measurement was the accuracy of the histologic prediction of neoplastic and nonneoplastic polyps.
The adenoma detection rates during the first withdrawal of HDWL, i-SCAN1, and i-SCAN2 were 31.9%, 36.5%, and 33.1%, respectively (P = .742), and the adenoma miss rates of each group were 22.9%, 19.3%, and 15.9%, respectively (P = .513). Based on the multivariate analysis, the application of i-SCAN was not associated with an improvement in adenoma detection and the prevention of missed polyps. However, the prediction of neoplastic and nonneoplastic colorectal lesions was more precise in the i-SCAN2 group compared with the HDWL group (accuracy 79.3% vs 75.5%, P = .029; sensitivity 86.5% vs 72.6%, P = .020; and specificity 91.4% vs 80.6%, P = .040).
i-SCAN during the screening colonoscopy may fail to improve adenoma detection and the prevention of missed polyps, but i-SCAN appears to be effective for real-time histologic prediction of polyps compared with conventional HDWL colonoscopy. (Clinical trial registration number: NCT01417611.).
No preview · Article · Feb 2012 · Gastrointestinal endoscopy
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We aimed to determine the frequency of colorectal neoplasm in patients with early gastric neoplasm who underwent endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) compared to healthy controls and to investigate their risk factors for colorectal neoplasm.
A total of 107 patients with gastric neoplasm including 54 gastric adenoma and 53 early gastric cancer (EGC) that underwent ESD and 107 sex/age-matched healthy controls were enrolled. All of the subjects underwent colonoscopy for routine check-up. High-risk colorectal neoplasm were defined as >1 cm, three or more polyps, adenoma with villous component, adenoma with high-grade dysplasia or adenocarcinoma.
The frequency of overall colorectal neoplasm was 56.1% in the gastric neoplasm group and 34.6% in the control group (p < 0.005). High-risk colorectal neoplasm was found in 26.2% of patients with gastric neoplasm and 12.1% of controls (p < 0.01). In each gastric adenoma and EGC subgroups, the frequency of overall colorectal neoplasm was higher than each control subgroup. The frequency of high-risk colorectal neoplasm in EGC subgroup was significantly higher than that in the control subgroup, against not being in gastric adenoma subgroup. The risk factors for overall colorectal neoplasm were age and presence of gastric neoplasm, and that for high risk colorectal neoplasm was the only presence of gastric neoplasm.
The frequency of overall and high-risk colorectal neoplasm in the gastric neoplasm group was higher than that in the control group. Therefore, a screening colonoscopy should be considered in patients with early gastric neoplasm undergoing ESD.
No preview · Article · Sep 2011 · Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology