Publications (2)4.32 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: The radiological evaluation of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) consists of demonstrating the morphological features of the disc and the condyle in closed and open mouth positions using MRI. We aimed to determine elasticity of the disc by measuring the amount of elongation during mouth opening. The study population included 49 patients. Coronal T(1) and multiplane oblique T(2) weighted gradient recalled echo sequences were acquired in open and closed mouth positions. Biconcave TMJ disc lengths were measured on sagittal oblique images in both positions. Elongation ratio (ER) was calculated for each patient. According to the findings, TMJs are classified into subgroups: normal (N), dislocated with reduction (DWR), pure DWR (p-DWR), DWR with additional findings (DWR-a) and dislocated without reduction (DWOR). Statistical analysis was performed using the χ(2) test and receiver operating characteristic analysis. Out of 98 discs, 22 of them were evaluated as N, 60 as DWR (28 p-DWR, 32 DWR-a) and 16 as DWOR. There was no significant difference among the disc lengths in three subgroups at the closed mouth position (P = 0.15), whereas there was significant difference in the open mouth position (P = 0.0001). There was significant difference among subgroups as far as ER is concerned (P < 0.05). ER is a strong indicator of elasticity. Compared with the N group, elasticity of the disc was not significantly different in the p-DWR group but the disc elasticity was very degraded in DWR-a and in DWOR. A negative conversion or one smaller than 1.4 mm means a compromised disc, although sometimes it will possess normal anatomical configurations or signal characteristics.
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ABSTRACT: Disc displacement is accepted as one of major findings in temporomandibular disorders. Correlation between lateral pterygoid muscle (LPM) attachment type to the disc-condyle complex and TMJ dysfunction has rarely been discussed and still not clarified. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence LPM attachment type to the disc-condyle complex, and to investigate whether these attachment types are linked to MR imaging findings of ID and TMJ dysfunction in a Turkish population. Ninety-eight TMJs in 49 patients (32 males, 17 females, mean age=36 years) with one of either: TMJ clicking, TMJ locking, restricted movement of the jaw, or pain in the TMJ region, were included. According to the clinical findings and data obtained from MRI examinations, TMJs dysfunctions were classified. LPM attachments to the condyle-disc complex were categorized into three different types. Correlation between TMJ dysfunction and LPM attachments to the condyle-disc complex was evaluated. Of 98 TMJs in 49 patients (32 males, 17 females, mean age=36 years), 47 TMJ's (%48) were evaluated as normal, 35 (%35.7) had a disc displacement with reduction and 16 (%16.3) TMJ had a disc displacement without reduction. Arthritis was seen in 49 TMJ's (%50). LPM attachments to the condyle-disc complex were as follows: Type I (29.6%), Type II (40.8%), and Type III (29.6%). There was no statistically significant difference between the type of muscle attachment and the presence or absence of disc displacement (p=0.481), disc degeneration (p=0.752), articular surface degeneration (p=0.117). There was no statistically significant correlation between the LPM attachment types and TMJ abnormalities.
İstanbul, Istanbul, Turkey
- Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery