Michael W Moore

Louis Stokes Cleveland VA Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, United States

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Publications (4)7.62 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background: The hypothesis was that an orexin 2 receptor (OX2R) agonist would prevent sleep-related disordered breathing. Methods: In C57BL/6J (B6) mice, body plethysmography was performed with and without EEG monitoring of state (wakefulness, NREM and REM sleep). Outcome was apnea rate/h during sleep-wake states at baseline and with an intracerebroventricular administration of vehicle, 4 nMol of agonist OB(DL), and 4 nMol of an antagonist, TCS OX2 29. Results: A significant reduction (p=0.035, f=2.99) in apneas/hour occurred, especially with the agonist. Expressed as a function of the change from baseline, there was a significant difference among groups in Wake (p=0.03, f=3.8), NREM (p=0.003, f=6.98) and REM (p=0.03, f=3.92) with the agonist reducing the rate of apneas during sleep from 29.7±4.7 (M±SEM) to 7.3±2.4 during sleep (p=0.001). There was also a reduction in apneas during wakefulness. Administration of the antagonist did not increase event rate over baseline levels. Conclusions: The B6 mouse is a preclinical model of wake-and sleep-disordered breathing, and the orexin receptor agonist at a dose of 4 nMol given intracerebroventricularly will reduce events in sleep and also wakefulness.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
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    ABSTRACT: Although central to the susceptibility of adult diseases characterized by abnormal rhythmogenesis, characterizing the genes involved is a challenge. We took advantage of the C57BL/6J (B6) trait of hypoxia-induced periodic breathing and its absence in the C57BL/6J-Chr 1(A/J)/NaJ chromosome substitution strain to test the feasibility of gene discovery for this abnormality. Beginning with a genetic and phenotypic analysis of an intercross study between these strains, we discovered three quantitative trait loci (QTLs) on mouse chromosome 1, with phenotypic effects. Fine-mapping reduced the genomic intervals and gene content, and the introgression of one QTL region back onto the C57BL/6J-Chr 1(A/J)/NaJ restored the trait. mRNA expression of non-synonymous genes in the introgressed region in the medulla and pons found evidence for differential expression of three genes, the highest of which was apolipoprotein A2, a lipase regulator; the apo a2 peptide fragment (THEQLTPLVR), highly expressed in the liver, was expressed in low amounts in the medulla but did not correlate with trait expression. This work directly demonstrates the impact of elements on mouse chromosome 1 in respiratory rhythmogenesis.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2012 · Journal of Applied Physiology
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    ABSTRACT: Background: H(2)S synthesis inhibitors (HSSI) have been shown to impact respiratory control. For instance, the HSSI hydroxylamine (HA) decreases the respiratory discharge rate from isolated medullary sections, and HA in addition to other HSSIs propargylglycine and amino-oxyacetic acid (AOAA) have been found to reduce hypoxic responsiveness. Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine if administration of HSSIs could improve respiratory stability in an intact organism prone to recurrent central apneas. Methods: Saline and HSSI compounds were administered to C57BL/6J mice (n = 24), a strain predisposed to recurrent central apneas, prior to measurement of hypoxic and posthypoxic ventilatory behavior. Results: Administration of HA and AOAA resulted in a significantly smaller percentage of animals expressing one or more apneas during reoxygenation compared to saline control, and animals given AOAA demonstrated a smaller coefficient of variation for frequency during reoxygenation, a marker suggesting greater respiratory stability. This occurred despite varying effects of the three HSSI compounds on hypoxic ventilatory response. Conclusions: Instability and pause expression are improved by targeting H(2)S synthesis, an effect not predicted by effects on hypoxic responsiveness.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2011 · Respiration

  • No preview · Conference Paper · May 2011