Mark E Brauner

The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, United States

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Publications (2)2.46 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present study was to demonstrate the contribution of pulmonary-generated reactive oxygen species (ROS) on cardiac dysfunction using a rat model of ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. Three groups of rats were subjected to regional IR injury in (i) lung, (ii) heart, (iii) lung + heart. A fourth (control) group of rats were instrumented using the same methods but without induction IR. Hemodynamic data were recorded in real time. Blood from the proximal aorta was sampled during baseline, ischemia, and reperfusion, mixed with α-phenyl-N-tert-butylnitrone (PBN) for measuring ROS by electron paramagnetic resonance spectrometry. Data were analyzed by a two-way analysis of variance. The results showed that the lung IR generated an increased burst of ROS that resulted in significant cardiac dysfunction, including hypotension and ECG changes. The results indicated that generation of ROS as a result of acute IR lung injury may be sufficiently large enough to cause direct cardiac dysfunction that is independent of injury caused to the myocardium as a result of regional myocardial IR injury alone.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2011 · Cell biochemistry and biophysics
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    Daniel R Martin · Mark E Brauner · Joseph F Plouffe
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    ABSTRACT: Influenza and pneumococcal pneumonia remain among the most significant causes of morbidity and mortality of any of the infectious disease emergencies presenting to emergency departments (EDs). Because the ED has become a recommended location at which immunizations have been administered to prevent several infections, pneumococcal and influenza vaccinations can have an impact on the care of ED patients. ED personnel are uniquely positioned to vaccinate a substantial number of patients who would not otherwise be vaccinated, including many high-risk populations. In addition to decreasing vaccine-preventable mortality and morbidity from influenza and pneumococcal diseases, EDs that implement and monitor a systematic approach to these vaccinations can attenuate ED overcrowding and facilitate patient flow. ED vaccination strategies have been proved to be successful and reimbursable and are advocated by several major clinical practice advisory groups.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2008 · Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America