M Smith

Auckland City Hospital, Окленд, Auckland, New Zealand

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Publications (2)5.34 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Extended spectrum beta-lactamase producing E. coli (ESBL-EC) are an emerging public health issue. In New Zealand (NZ), bla (CTX-M-14) and bla (CTX-M-15) are the most common ESBL genes. Although many studies describe risk factors for ESBL-EC, few describe risk factors for specific ESBL genes. Between January 2006 and December 2007, we characterized 108 consecutive, non-duplicate isolates of ESBL-EC at the Auckland Hospital laboratory. Demographic and clinical data were recorded. Of the 108, 54.6% (59) were CTX-M-15-EC, 26.9% (29) were CTX-M-14-EC and 12.09% were CTX-M-9 (13). The remaining seven isolates carried CTX-M-3 (3; 2.7%), CTX-M-65 (2; 1.8%), CTX-M-27 (1; 0.9%) and CTX-M-57 (1; 0.9%). CTX-M-15-EC were more likely than CTX-M-14-EC to be fluoroquinolone-resistant (86.4% versus 32.4%; p=0.006) and to be non-susceptible to amoxicillin-clavulanate (84.7% versus 41.4%; p=0.0001). Patients with CTX-M-15-EC were more likely to be of Indian ethnicity (34.5% versus 0%; p=0.0012) and to have travelled recently (31.6% versus 4%; p=0.0088). Patients with CTX-M-14-EC were more likely to have Chinese or South-East Asian ethnicity (48.1% versus 5.2%; p<0.0001) and to have no history of either travel or prior hospital admission (44% versus 8.9%; p=0.0006). These data imply that CTX-M-15 and CTX-M-14 producing E. coli are associated with distinct demographic subgroups in NZ.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2012 · European Journal of Clinical Microbiology
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    ABSTRACT: The CTX-M family of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) is a significant global public health threat. The prevalence of specific bla CTX-M genes varies geographically, but bla CTX-M-15 and bla CTX-M-14 dominate in most countries. We applied the latest Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) interpretive criteria (M100-S20) to a diverse collection of ESBL-producing Escherichia coli strains obtained from clinical specimens in our laboratory. Whereas under previous CLSI recommendations all isolates in this strain collection would have been reported as ceftazidime-resistant, under the new recommendations, approximately 11% of CTX-M-15-producing E. coli and 93% of CTX-M-14-producing E. coli respectively tested as ceftazidime-susceptible. We also found that, whilst many CTX-M-14-producers had minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) less than the breakpoint of 4 mg/L, the MIC distribution for these strains was higher than that of wild-type E. coli, with one CTX-M-14-producing isolate having an MIC of >64 mg/L. Although the new CLSI recommendations imply that ceftazidime can be safely used to treat serious infections due to CTX-M-producing E. coli, clinical outcome data are lacking. Consequently, the widespread use of ceftazidime in this setting could have profound clinical implications.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2011 · European Journal of Clinical Microbiology